How to format your references using the American Journal of Climate Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2002) BSE in human tissues fires debate on patient disclosure. Nature. 419 (6905), 326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolchok, J.D. and Chan, T.A. (2014) Cancer: Antitumour immunity gets a boost. Nature. 515 (7528), 496–498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mariani, F.V., Ahn, C.P., and Martin, G.R. (2008) Genetic evidence that FGFs have an instructive role in limb proximal-distal patterning. Nature. 453 (7193), 401–405.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Singhal, A., Arora, G., Sajid, A., Maji, A., Bhat, A., Virmani, R., et al. (2013) Regulation of homocysteine metabolism by Mycobacterium tuberculosis S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase. Scientific Reports. 3 2264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrow, E., Boaz, A., Brearley, S., and Ross, F. (2011) Handbook of Service User Involvement in Nursing and Healthcare Research. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Buzaneva, E. and Scharff, P., Eds. (2005) Frontiers of Multifunctional Integrated Nanosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Reinarz, J. (2007) Corpus Curricula: Medical Education and the Voluntary Hospital Movement. in: H. Whitaker, C.U.M. Smith, S. Finger (Eds.), Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience, Springer US, Boston, MApp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Climate Change.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014) Ant-Nest Beetles Reveal Evolution In Action. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tercero, N. (2010) Characterization and application of morpholino monolayers in nucleic acid diagnostics, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Democrats; Clinton Says He Was Told of Draft Aid. New York Times. 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Climate Change
AbbreviationAm. J. Clim. Change
ISSN (print)2167-9495
ISSN (online)2167-9509

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