How to format your references using the American Journal of Climate Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitter, A. (2003) Ecology. Making allelopathy respectable. Science (New York, N.Y.). 301 (5638), 1337–1338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maynard, A. and Rejeski, D. (2009) Too small to overlook. Nature. 460 (7252), 174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lindström, N.O., Hohenstein, P., and Davies, J.A. (2013) Nephrons require Rho-kinase for proximal-distal polarity development. Scientific Reports. 3 2692.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schreiner, P.R., Reisenauer, H.P., Pickard, F.C., 4th, Simmonett, A.C., Allen, W.D., Mátyus, E., et al. (2008) Capture of hydroxymethylene and its fast disappearance through tunnelling. Nature. 453 (7197), 906–909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K. and Aardema, F. (2011) Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lindquist, L.A., Ed. (2016) New Directions in Geriatric Medicine: Concepts, Trends, and Evidence-Based Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Panda, R.K. (2015) Trend and Pattern of Crop Diversification in Odisha. in: M. Ghosh, D. Sarkar, B.C. Roy (Eds.), Diversification of Agriculture in Eastern India, Springer India, New Delhipp. 59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Climate Change.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016) Watch These Small-Brained Animals And Their Tiny Yawns In The Name Of Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) K-12 Education: Federal Funding for and Characteristics of Public Schools with Extended Learning Time. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volle, M. (2017) Exploring the relationship of meetings to organizational culture and values, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. (2013) They Grow Up, But They Remain A Lifetime Pursuit. New York Times. AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Climate Change
AbbreviationAm. J. Clim. Change
ISSN (print)2167-9495
ISSN (online)2167-9509

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