How to format your references using the American Journal of Climate Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wetherbee, R. (2002) Biomineralization. The diatom glasshouse. Science (New York, N.Y.). 298 (5593), 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Edgar, B.A. and Kim, K.J. (2009) Cell biology. Sizing up the cell. Science (New York, N.Y.). 325 (5937), 158–159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraje, G., Sadana, R., and Karam, G. (2005) Public health. Increasing international gaps in health-related publications. Science (New York, N.Y.). 308 (5724), 959–960.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Seo, J., Park, S., Nam, S., Kim, H., and Kim, Y. (2013) Liquid crystal-on-organic field-effect transistor sensory devices for perceptive sensing of ultralow intensity gas flow touch. Scientific Reports. 3 2452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smeets, R., der Sluis, L. van, Kapetanović, M., Peelo, D.F., and Janssen, A. (2014) Switching in Electrical Transmission and Distribution Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fauser, B., Tolksdorf, J., and Zeidler, E., Eds. (2009) Quantum Field Theory: Competitive Models. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Dempsey, G.T., Wang, W., and Zhuang, X. (2009) Fluorescence Imaging at Sub-Diffraction-Limit Resolution with Stochastic Optical Reconstruction Microscopy. in: P. Hinterdorfer, A. Oijen (Eds.), Handbook of Single-Molecule Biophysics, Springer US, New York, NYpp. 95–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Climate Change.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Surprising Source of Stem Cells Found In Teeth. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aiken, J. (2009) Virtually a leader: Mitigating process losses through shared team states, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002) Where 146 Died in a Fire, And a Union Was Born. New York Times. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Climate Change
AbbreviationAm. J. Clim. Change
ISSN (print)2167-9495
ISSN (online)2167-9509

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