How to format your references using the American Journal of Climate Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shimono, M. (2013) Non-uniformity of cell density and networks in the monkey brain. Scientific Reports. 3 2541.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yacubova, E. and Komuro, H. (2002) Stage-specific control of neuronal migration by somatostatin. Nature. 415 (6867), 77–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burghes, A.H., Vaessin, H.E., and de La Chapelle, A. (2001) Genetics. The land between Mendelian and multifactorial inheritance. Science (New York, N.Y.). 293 (5538), 2213–2214.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, Y., Dodd, S.J., Tangrea, M.A., Emmert-Buck, M.R., and Koretsky, A.P. (2013) Measuring collective cell movement and extracellular matrix interactions using magnetic resonance imaging. Scientific Reports. 3 1879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blundell, A., Harrison, R., and Turney, B. (2010) The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Lang, R., Hancock, T.B., and Singh, N.N., Eds. (2016) Early Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyle Satterstrom, F., Linkov, I., Kiker, G., Bridges, T., and Greenberg, M. (2007) Adaptive Management. in: G.P. Macey, J.Z. Cannon (Eds.), Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices, Springer US, Boston, MApp. 89–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Climate Change.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Why The Drugs Market Isn’t Working And What We Can Do To Fix It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Progress in Improving Its Financial Condition Has Been Mixed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghale, K. (2015) Modeling the Traffic Impacts During Evacuation of a Suburban University Campus: A Case Study, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A. and Walsh, M.W. (2015) Top Court Will Decide Puerto Rico Debt Cases. New York Times. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Climate Change
AbbreviationAm. J. Clim. Change
ISSN (print)2167-9495
ISSN (online)2167-9509

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