How to format your references using the ICES Journal of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ICES Journal of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pan, J. 2009. China expects leadership from rich nations. Nature, 461: 1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madin, J. S., and Connolly, S. R. 2006. Ecological consequences of major hydrodynamic disturbances on coral reefs. Nature, 444: 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, S. P., Jones, C., and Stasch, A. 2007. Stable magnesium(I) compounds with Mg-Mg bonds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318: 1754–1757.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, D., Hou, L., Zhang, L., and Xu, X. 2009. A pre-Archaeopteryx troodontid theropod from China with long feathers on the metatarsus. Nature, 461: 640–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orchin, M., Macomber, R. S., Pinhas, A. R., and Wilson, R. M. 2005. The Vocabulary and Concepts of Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bartleet, B.-L., Bennett, D., Power, A., and Sunderland, N. (Eds). 2016. Engaging First Peoples in Arts-Based Service Learning: Towards Respectful and Mutually Beneficial Educational Practices. Landscapes: the Arts, Aesthetics, and Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham. XI, 275 p. 22 illus., 17 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Kearney, K. T., and Torelli, F. 2011. The SLA Model. In Service Level Agreements for Cloud Computing, pp. 43–67. Ed. by P. Wieder, J. M. Butler, W. Theilmann, and R. Yahyapour. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, September 11. Sperm Whales Have Local Dialects, New Study Shows. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. RCED-94-58. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Y.-F. 2013. The Effects of Two Methods on Training EFL University Students in Taiwan to Identify Three Non-Native Phonemic Contrasts. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. 2013, December 29. As Cheese or Chocolate, Comfort Comes Melted. New York Times: LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pan, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Madin and Connolly, 2006; Pan, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madin and Connolly, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleICES Journal of Marine Science
AbbreviationICES J. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1054-3139
ISSN (online)1095-9289
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles