How to format your references using the ICES Journal of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ICES Journal of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pachauri, R. K. 2009. India pushes for common responsibility. Nature, 461: 1054.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jeoung, J.-H., and Dobbek, H. 2007. Carbon dioxide activation at the Ni,Fe-cluster of anaerobic carbon monoxide dehydrogenase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318: 1461–1464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck, A. L., Turner, S. M., and Liss, P. S. 2002. Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297: 1151–1154.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Snelgrove, R. J., Jackson, P. L., Hardison, M. T., Noerager, B. D., Kinloch, A., Gaggar, A., Shastry, S., et al. 2010. A critical role for LTA4H in limiting chronic pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330: 90–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garton, A. F. 2008. Exploring Cognitive Development: The Child as Problem Solver. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sardanelli, F. 2008. Biostatistica in Radiologia: Progettare, realizzare e scrivere un lavoro scientifico radiologico. Springer, Milano. XVIII, 229 pagg pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Hashimoto, S. 2016. Glucose Metabolism and Liver. In The Liver in Systemic Diseases, pp. 77–103. Ed. by H. Ohira. Springer Japan, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016, June 24. The Science Behind How We Became Human. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-96-30(1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaghdoun, E. 2009. Entre lettres et portraits: Madame Du Deffand, auteur? University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E. 2016, October 12. Doctor Is Charged in Death After an Abortion. New York Times: A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pachauri, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jeoung and Dobbek, 2007; Pachauri, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jeoung and Dobbek, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Snelgrove et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleICES Journal of Marine Science
AbbreviationICES J. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1054-3139
ISSN (online)1095-9289
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles