How to format your references using the ICES Journal of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ICES Journal of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J. 2014. Gene therapy: Genie in a vector. Nature, 515: S160-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kershaw, M. H., and Smyth, M. J. 2013. Immunology. Making macrophages eat cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341: 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burns, P. C., Ewing, R. C., and Navrotsky, A. 2012. Nuclear fuel in a reactor accident. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335: 1184–1188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, W.-Y., Fujiwara, S., Suh, S.-S., Kim, J., Kim, Y., Han, L., David, K., et al. 2007. ZEITLUPE is a circadian photoreceptor stabilized by GIGANTEA in blue light. Nature, 449: 356–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer, T., and Werner, M. 2004. Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Aspray, W. 2014. Formal and Informal Approaches to Food Policy. SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition. Springer International Publishing, Cham. VIII, 137 p. 9 illus., 1 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Noran, O. 2010. An Enterprise Architecture Approach towards Environmental Management. In Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability: IFIP TC 5 International Conference, EAI2N 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings, pp. 44–55. Ed. by P. Bernus, G. Doumeingts, and M. Fox. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017, May 9. Australian Biosecurity Officials Incinerate Rare Botanical Collection Due To ‘Paperwork Mix-Up’. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Federal Research: Lessons Learned From SEMATECH. RCED-92-283. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Camaya, C. 2015. Teachers’ perceptions of social skills instruction for children with autism spectrum disorders. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2008, June 22. A Cornucopia Of Produce. New York Times: NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kershaw and Smyth, 2013; Gould, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kershaw and Smyth, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleICES Journal of Marine Science
AbbreviationICES J. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1054-3139
ISSN (online)1095-9289
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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