How to format your references using the ICES Journal of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ICES Journal of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
’t Hooft, G. 2010. Nothing to fear from mistakes. Nature, 467: S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harvey, T. H. P., and Butterfield, N. J. 2008. Sophisticated particle-feeding in a large Early Cambrian crustacean. Nature, 452: 868–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caro, E., Castellano, M. M., and Gutierrez, C. 2007. A chromatin link that couples cell division to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature, 447: 213–217.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qi, C., Zhang, H., Liu, L., Yang, R., Yang, Y., Kang, T., Hao, W., et al. 2014. Analysis of interactions between SNARE proteins using imaging ellipsometer coupled with microfluidic array. Scientific reports, 4: 5341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maude, D. 2006. Global Private Banking and Wealth Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cheng, T. (Ed). 2015. Hematopoietic Differentiation of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells. SpringerBriefs in Stem Cells. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. VI, 128 p. 21 illus., 11 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Liang, J. Z., Corso, N., Turner, E., and Zakhor, A. 2015. Image-Based Positioning of Mobile Devices in Indoor Environments. In Multimodal Location Estimation of Videos and Images, pp. 85–99. Ed. by J. Choi and G. Friedland. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, May 26. This Once-Stable Antarctic Region Has Suddenly Started Melting. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Transportation Infrastructure: Highway Pavement Design Guide Is Outdated. RCED-98-9. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaringe, J. G. 2010. An investigation into the faculty development practices in chiropractic education programs. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weil, E. 2015, July 23. A Hole in the Heart. New York Times: MM42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (’t Hooft, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Harvey and Butterfield, 2008; ’t Hooft, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harvey and Butterfield, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Qi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleICES Journal of Marine Science
AbbreviationICES J. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1054-3139
ISSN (online)1095-9289
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles