How to format your references using the ICES Journal of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ICES Journal of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kyewski, B. 2008. Immunology. A breath of Aire for the periphery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321: 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Volkow, N. D., and Baler, R. D. 2012. Neuroscience. To stop or not to stop? Science (New York, N.Y.), 335: 546–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wei, B., Dai, M., and Yin, P. 2012. Complex shapes self-assembled from single-stranded DNA tiles. Nature, 485: 623–626.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dean, C., Leakey, M. G., Reid, D., Schrenk, F., Schwartz, G. T., Stringer, C., and Walker, A. 2001. Growth processes in teeth distinguish modern humans from Homo erectus and earlier hominins. Nature, 414: 628–631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. 2014. Transport and Coherent Structures in Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Magedanz, T., Madeira, E. R. M., and Dini, P. (Eds). 2005. Operations and Management in IP-Based Networks: 5th IEEE International Workshop on IP Operations and Management, IPOM 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 26-28, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. X, 214 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Pesta, G. 2007. Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Residues and Wastes. In Utilization of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry, pp. 53–72. Ed. by V. Oreopoulou and W. Russ. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016, October 29. How Dogs Are Really Affected By Fireworks – And What You Can Do To Help. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Special Education: Financing Health and Educational Services for Handicapped Children. HRD-86-62BR. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M. A. 2015. An action research study of collaborative relationhips between psychotherapists and medical doctors. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J., and Risen, T. 2017, June 22. Donald Trump Does His Best Joe McCarthy. New York Times: SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kyewski, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kyewski, 2008; Volkow and Baler, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volkow and Baler, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Dean et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleICES Journal of Marine Science
AbbreviationICES J. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1054-3139
ISSN (online)1095-9289
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles