How to format your references using the Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Collins GS. Geochemistry. Moonstruck magnetism. Science. 2012 Mar 9;335(6073):1176–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ginther DK, Kahn S. WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Comment on “Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines.” Science. 2015 Jul 24;349(6246):391.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
de la Mare W, Gales N, Mangel M. Science and Law. Applying scientific principles in international law on whaling. Science. 2014 Sep 5;345(6201):1125–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Basu U, Chaudhuri J, Alpert C, Dutt S, Ranganath S, Li G, et al. The AID antibody diversification enzyme is regulated by protein kinase A phosphorylation. Nature. 2005 Nov 24;438(7067):508–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Saccone C, Pesole G. Handbook of Comparative Genomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Ralph C, Silberstein M, Thakre PR, Singh R, editors. Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials, Volume 7: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. X, 468 p. 423 illus., 316 illus. in color. (Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rosson R. Sample Collection and Preparation. In: Kahn B, editor. Radioanalytical Chemistry. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Cockroaches Have “Turbocharged” Bites Five Times Stronger Than Ours. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Suitability of the MUMPS Language for Government Agencies]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Jul. Report No.: B-203143.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sowers PA. “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Baked Treats of Portugal. New York Times. 2010 Feb 21;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMacedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationMaced. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1857-5749
ISSN (online)1857-5773
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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