How to format your references using the Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kahan D. Why we are poles apart on climate change. Nature. 2012 Aug 16;488(7411):255.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jaspars M, Challis G. Microbiology: a talented genus. Nature. 2014 Feb 6;506(7486):38–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schmidt-Hieber C, Jonas P, Bischofberger J. Enhanced synaptic plasticity in newly generated granule cells of the adult hippocampus. Nature. 2004 May 13;429(6988):184–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li PS, Lee IL, Yu WL, Sun JS, Jane WN, Shen HH. A novel albumin-based tissue scaffold for autogenic tissue engineering applications. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 18;4:5600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morgan A. Eating the Big Fish. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Ahmad SI, editor. Neurodegenerative Diseases. New York, NY: Springer US; 2012. XXXII, 390p. 71 illus. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; vol. 724).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Moraux F, Richard A. What Moves Euro-Bund Futures Contracts on Eurex? Surprises! In: Dufrénot G, Jawadi F, Louhichi W, editors. Market Microstructure and Nonlinear Dynamics: Keeping Financial Crisis in Context. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 129–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. How An Arctic Lake Became The Arctic Ocean. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Government Making Progress But Critical Issues Must Still Be Addressed to Minimize Disruptions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Apr. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-144.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gifford SC. (Re)making men, representing the Caribbean nation: Authorial individuation in works by Fred D’aguiar, Robert Antoni, and Marlon James [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Hometown; Perot Isn’t Necessarily Texarkana’s Favorite Son. New York Times. 1992 Jun 14;128.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMacedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationMaced. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1857-5749
ISSN (online)1857-5773
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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