How to format your references using the Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mazur E. Education. Farewell, lecture? Science. 2009 Jan 2;323(5910):50–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mimitou EP, Symington LS. Sae2, Exo1 and Sgs1 collaborate in DNA double-strand break processing. Nature. 2008 Oct 9;455(7214):770–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Park CY, Shcheglovitov A, Dolmetsch R. The CRAC channel activator STIM1 binds and inhibits L-type voltage-gated calcium channels. Science. 2010 Oct 1;330(6000):101–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Sebastiani P, Solovieff N, Puca A, Hartley SW, Melista E, Andersen S, et al. Retraction. Science. 2011 Jul 22;333(6041):404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Benslama M, Kiamouche W, Batatia H. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Amoretti MC, Vassallo N, editors. Meta-Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VII, 222 p. 3 illus. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science; vol. 317).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ennser K, Aleksic S, Curti F, Forin DM, Galili M, Karasek M, et al. Optical Signal Processing Techniques for Signal Regeneration and Digital Logic. In: Tomkos I, Spyropoulou M, Ennser K, Köhn M, Mikac B, editors. Towards Digital Optical Networks: COST Action 291 Final Report. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 49–96. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Germany, Denmark, And Belgium Unite To Increase EU’s Wind Power By 500 Percent [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/germany-denmark-and-belgium-unite-to-increase-eus-wind-power-by-500-percent/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Race to the Top: Characteristics of Grantees’ Amended Programs and Education’s Review Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Dec. Report No.: GAO-12-228R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stevenson J. Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. The Sideline as Studio. New York Times. 2016 Jul 21;C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMacedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationMaced. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1857-5749
ISSN (online)1857-5773
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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