How to format your references using the Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kraus VB. Osteoarthritis: The zinc link. Nature. 2014 Mar 27;507(7493):441–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy SK, Rockman HA. Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature. 2011 Sep 28;477(7366):546–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mills CE, Robins JM, Lipsitch M. Transmissibility of 1918 pandemic influenza. Nature. 2004 Dec 16;432(7019):904–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mangan PR, Harrington LE, O’Quinn DB, Helms WS, Bullard DC, Elson CO, et al. Transforming growth factor-beta induces development of the T(H)17 lineage. Nature. 2006 May 11;441(7090):231–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow J, Fisher S, Mondragon-Gilmore J, Casson A, Orton PZ, Nathan HD, et al. CliffsNotes® CSET®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Rynne BP. Linear Functional Analysis. Youngson MA, editor. London: Springer; 2008. X, 324 p. 6 illus. (Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series).
A chapter in an edited book
Manente M, Minghetti V, Mingotto E. The Analysis of European Reporting Systems for Responsible Tourism and CSR. In: Minghetti V, Mingotto E, editors. Responsible Tourism and CSR: Assessment Systems for Sustainable Development of SMEs in Tourism. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 33–98. (CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Hale T. Mass Grave In Germany Reveals The Bloody Death Of 47 Soldiers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Energy’s Consolidation of Information Processing Activities Needs More Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 May. Report No.: EMD-78-60.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prakash A. Empire on the Seine: Surveillance, Citizenship, and North African Migrants in Paris (1925–1975) [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. The Czar Didn’t Sleep Here. New York Times. 2003 Jan 9;F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMacedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationMaced. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1857-5749
ISSN (online)1857-5773
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles