How to format your references using the Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butts CT. Revisiting the foundations of network analysis. Science. 2009 Jul 24;325(5939):414–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen FE, Kelly JW. Therapeutic approaches to protein-misfolding diseases. Nature. 2003 Dec 18;426(6968):905–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cira NJ, Benusiglio A, Prakash M. Vapour-mediated sensing and motility in two-component droplets. Nature. 2015 Mar 26;519(7544):446–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dewar H, Tanaka K, Nasmyth K, Tanaka TU. Tension between two kinetochores suffices for their bi-orientation on the mitotic spindle. Nature. 2004 Mar 4;428(6978):93–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stidwill D, Fletcher R. Normal Binocular Vision. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Askoxylakis I, Ioannidis S, Katsikas S, Meadows C, editors. Computer Security – ESORICS 2016: 21st European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Heraklion, Greece, September 26-30, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIX, 623 p. 153 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9878).
A chapter in an edited book
Heshmati A, Abolhosseini S, Altmann J. Financing Renewable Energy Development. In: Abolhosseini S, Altmann J, editors. The Development of Renewable Energy Sources and its Significance for the Environment. Singapore: Springer; 2015. p. 85–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. A Bizarre and Unique Type of Eye Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, Yet Much Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Aug. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-266.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buzinski P. Exploring job satisfaction of long-term virtual employees [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A PATH Expansion Plan Commuters Might Like but Some Neighbors Don’t. New York Times. 2002 Sep 8;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMacedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationMaced. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1857-5749
ISSN (online)1857-5773
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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