How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000). NEUROPSYCHOLOGY: Language Affects Sound Perception. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5499), 2051b–2052b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burke, A., & Robinson, L. F. (2012). The Southern Ocean’s role in carbon exchange during the last deglaciation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6068), 557–561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Son, Y.-W., Cohen, M. L., & Louie, S. G. (2006). Half-metallic graphene nanoribbons. Nature, 444(7117), 347–349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pichot, V., Risse, B., Schnell, F., Mory, J., & Spitzer, D. (2013). Understanding ultrafine nanodiamond formation using nanostructured explosives. Scientific Reports, 3, 2159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy, J.-G., & Letamendia, C. (2014). LTE Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Paliouras, G., Papadopoulos, S., Vogiatzis, D., & Kompatsiaris, Y. (Eds.). (2015). User Community Discovery. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Grilo, C., & Correia, L. (2009). Instability in Spatial Evolutionary Games. In L. S. Lopes, N. Lau, P. Mariano, & L. M. Rocha (Eds.), Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 14th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2009, Aveiro, Portugal, October 12-15, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 41–52). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Management Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 4). Tropical Biofuel Crops Can Store More Soil Carbon Than They Release. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Audit by the District of Columbia’s Office of Municipal Audit and Inspection of the Expenditure of Funds by the District of Columbia Public Schools During Fiscal Years 1970 and 1971 (B-118638). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, N. A. (2010). Adults who have learning disabilities: Transition from GED to postsecondary activities [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 20). Dodgers Crush Cubs, Winning Pennant for the First Time Since 1988. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Burke & Robinson, 2012; Seife, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burke & Robinson, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Son et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pichot et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Management Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)1029-3132
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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