How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
James, R. D. (2015). Materials science: Magnetic alloys break the rules. Nature, 521(7552), 298–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferraro, P. J., & Kiss, A. (2002). Ecology. Direct payments to conserve biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1718–1719.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schummers, J., Yu, H., & Sur, M. (2008). Tuned responses of astrocytes and their influence on hemodynamic signals in the visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1638–1643.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yaginuma, H., Kawai, S., Tabata, K. V., Tomiyama, K., Kakizuka, A., Komatsuzaki, T., Noji, H., & Imamura, H. (2014). Diversity in ATP concentrations in a single bacterial cell population revealed by quantitative single-cell imaging. Scientific Reports, 4, 6522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolinski, M. (2011). Plastics and Sustainability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Whitacre, D. M. (Ed.). (2014). Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology volume: With Cumulative and Comprehensive Index Subjects Covered Volumes 221-230 (Vol. 230). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yasuda, T., Sakurai, K., & Takagi, T. (2012). Reducing the Key Size of Rainbow Using Non-commutative Rings. In O. Dunkelman (Ed.), Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2012: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 27 – March 2, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 68–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Management Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 14). New Particle Discovered At The Large Hadron Collider. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Related to FAA Reform (T-RCED-95-247). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortega, R. (2012). Effects of cultural and linguistic differences in breast cancer screening behaviors among elderly Latina women [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, March 2). Finishing Tarrytown Hall, in Nick of Time. New York Times, WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (James, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferraro & Kiss, 2002; James, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ferraro & Kiss, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Schummers et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yaginuma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Management Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)1029-3132
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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