How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, R. (2015). Into the wilderness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6227), 1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R. T., & Lovley, D. R. (2000). Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis. Nature, 404(6779), 722–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, X., Hull, C. M., & Heitman, J. (2005). Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus neoformans. Nature, 434(7036), 1017–1021.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feldberg, K., Schneider, H., Stadler, T., Schäfer-Verwimp, A., Schmidt, A. R., & Heinrichs, J. (2014). Epiphytic leafy liverworts diversified in angiosperm-dominated forests. Scientific Reports, 4, 5974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayés de Luna, A. (2011). Clinical Arrhythmology. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Wolpers, M., Kirschner, P. A., Scheffel, M., Lindstaedt, S., & Dimitrova, V. (Eds.). (2010). Sustaining TEL: From Innovation to Learning and Practice: 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 28 - October 1, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6383). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoque, M. E., Yeasin, M., & Louwerse, M. M. (2006). Robust Recognition of Emotion from Speech. In J. Gratch, M. Young, R. Aylett, D. Ballin, & P. Olivier (Eds.), Intelligent Virtual Agents: 6th International Conference, IVA 2006, Marina Del Rey, CA, USA, August 21-23, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 42–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Management Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, November 18). New Study Suggests Genetic Link To Homosexuality. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Tax Systems Modernization: Update on Critical Issues Facing IRS (T-IMTEC-92-18). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol, E. (2009). Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2014, September 16). Detroit Reaches Deal With Creditor, as Others Object to Bankruptcy Plans. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson & Lovley, 2000; Bernstein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson & Lovley, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Lin et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feldberg et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Management Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)1029-3132
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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