How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, B. L. (2012). Psychology. Bird-brained illusionists. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6066), 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Häkkinen, S., & Rhines, P. B. (2004). Decline of subpolar North Atlantic circulation during the 1990s. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5670), 555–559.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrews-Hanna, J. C., Phillips, R. J., & Zuber, M. T. (2007). Meridiani Planum and the global hydrology of Mars. Nature, 446(7132), 163–166.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stuart, A. J., Kosintsev, P. A., Higham, T. F. G., & Lister, A. M. (2004). Pleistocene to Holocene extinction dynamics in giant deer and woolly mammoth. Nature, 431(7009), 684–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner, J. E., Downing, D. J., & Bogard, J. S. (2012). Statistical Methods in Radiation Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Panayiotopoulos, C. P. (Ed.). (2010). Atlas of Epilepsies. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gamlem, S. M. (2015). Feedback in the Mentoring of Teacher Learning. In H. Tillema, G. J. van der Westhuizen, & K. Smith (Eds.), Mentoring for Learning: “Climbing the Mountain” (pp. 79–97). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Management Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, June 14). One-Off Legal Sale Of Ivory Stockpiles Led To A Dramatic Increase In Elephant Poaching. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Medicaid Managed Care: Access and Quality Requirements Specific to Low-Income and Other Special Needs Enrollees (GAO-05-44R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway, L. R. (2013). Synthesis and investigation of novel dinitrosyl-Iron complexes of chelated Bis-phosphine ligands: Potential nitric oxide delivery compounds [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2014, July 7). Semifinals Remain an Inner Sanctum Until Further Notice. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson, 2012; Häkkinen & Rhines, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Häkkinen & Rhines, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Andrews-Hanna et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stuart et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Management Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)1029-3132
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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