How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klarreich, E. (2001). Wellcome Trust sets out fresh misconduct standards. Nature, 412(6848), 667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Habibi, M. K., & Lu, Y. (2014). Crack propagation in bamboo’s hierarchical cellular structure. Scientific Reports, 4, 5598.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., Fawcett, T. W., & Houston, A. I. (2013). An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1084–1086.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stamper, C. C., Zhang, Y., Tobin, J. F., Erbe, D. V., Ikemizu, S., Davis, S. J., Stahl, M. L., Seehra, J., Somers, W. S., & Mosyak, L. (2001). Crystal structure of the B7-1/CTLA-4 complex that inhibits human immune responses. Nature, 410(6828), 608–611.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkateshan, S. P. (2015). Mechanical Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
McPherson, H., Duncan Wood, W., & Robinson, D. M. (Eds.). (2005). Emerging Threats to Energy Security and Stability. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao, F., Xing, C., & Wang, G. (2014). Channel Estimation for PLNC Under Frequency Selective Fading Scenario. In C. Xing & G. Wang (Eds.), Channel Estimation for Physical Layer Network Coding Systems (pp. 35–57). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Management Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 15). Meteorite Challenges Theories of Asteroid Formation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Weather Forecasting: Recommendations to Address New Weather Processing System Development Risks (AIMD-96-74). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haire, K. K. (2015). Elucidation of the Role of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase in Drug-Induced Toxicity [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, June 8). Mets Fix Duda’s Swing, With Help From an Angel. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klarreich, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Habibi & Lu, 2014; Klarreich, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Habibi & Lu, 2014)
  • Three authors: (McNamara et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stamper et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Management Review
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)1029-3132
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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