How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rauchfuss, T.B., 2007. Chemistry. A promising mimic of hydrogenase activity. Science 316, 553–554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vähärautio, A., Taipale, J., 2014. Cancer. Cancer by super-enhancer. Science 346, 1291–1292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiten, A., Horner, V., de Waal, F.B.M., 2005. Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees. Nature 437, 737–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deshpande, V.V., Chandra, B., Caldwell, R., Novikov, D.S., Hone, J., Bockrath, M., 2009. Mott insulating state in ultraclean carbon nanotubes. Science 323, 106–110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, P., 2008. The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Hurst, C.J. (Ed.), 2016. Their World: A Diversity of Microbial Environments, Advances in Environmental Microbiology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Draskoczy, B., 2010. Fitness Distance Correlation and Search Space Analysis for Permutation Based Problems, in: Cowling, P., Merz, P. (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 10th European Conference, EvoCOP 2010, Istanbul, Turkey, April 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Why The Deep Space Atomic Clock Is Key For Future Space Exploration [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Tax Administration: Achieving Business and Technical Goals In Tax Systems Modernization (No. T-GGD-93-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ballard, K.J., 2012. Frequent factors for psychiatric hospital readmission (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G., 2016. Where Everybody Knows Your Name and Accepts Your Politics. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rauchfuss, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rauchfuss, 2007; Vähärautio and Taipale, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vähärautio and Taipale, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Deshpande et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Drugs Drug Resist.
ISSN (print)2211-3207
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles