How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heikkilä, T.T., 2013. Physics. Cold-atom thermoelectrics. Science 342, 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canadell, J.G., Raupach, M.R., 2008. Managing forests for climate change mitigation. Science 320, 1456–1457.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bell, G., Hey, T., Szalay, A., 2009. Computer science. Beyond the data deluge. Science 323, 1297–1298.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morley, M., Molony, C.M., Weber, T.M., Devlin, J.L., Ewens, K.G., Spielman, R.S., Cheung, V.G., 2004. Genetic analysis of genome-wide variation in human gene expression. Nature 430, 743–747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMaio, M.S., Fox, J.E., Mahoney, M.J., 2010. Prenatal Diagnosis: Cases & Clinical Challenges. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sugiyama, M., Fujii, K., Nakamura, S. (Eds.), 2016. Solar to Chemical Energy Conversion: Theory and Application, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Lecture Notes in Energy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cui, Z., 2006. The Goldbach-Vinogradov Theorem in Arithmetic Progressions, in: Zhang, W., Tanigawa, Y. (Eds.), Number Theory: Tradition and Modernization, Developments in Mathematics. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 39–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Weather Forecasting Is About To Get Even Better [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Social Security: Observations on Improving Distribution of Death Information (No. GAO-02-233T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir, C.M., 2010. School counselor accountability practices: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer, E., 2016. Serving as a Role Model During a Father’s Absence. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heikkilä, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Canadell and Raupach, 2008; Heikkilä, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Canadell and Raupach, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Morley et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Drugs Drug Resist.
ISSN (print)2211-3207
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles