How to format your references using the Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunnett, J.F. How Much Does One Vote Count in an Election? Science 2000, 290, 1895b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin, Y.; Zhang, Z. Mean First-Passage Time for Maximal-Entropy Random Walks in Complex Networks. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge, C.; Coe, M.J.; Podsiadlowski, P. Two Populations of X-Ray Pulsars Produced by Two Types of Supernova. Nature 2011, 479, 372–375.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xing, H.; Wilkerson, D.C.; Mayhew, C.N.; Lubert, E.J.; Skaggs, H.S.; Goodson, M.L.; Hong, Y.; Park-Sarge, O.-K.; Sarge, K.D. Mechanism of Hsp70i Gene Bookmarking. Science 2005, 307, 421–423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R. Organic Production and Food Quality; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781118244975.
An edited book
Outdoor and Large-Scale Real-World Scene Analysis: 15th International Workshop on Theoretical Foundations of Computer Vision, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, June 26 - July 1, 2011. Revised Selected Papers; Dellaert, F., Frahm, J.-M., Pollefeys, M., Leal-Taixé, L., Rosenhahn, B., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7474; ISBN 9783642340901.
A chapter in an edited book
Airoldi, E.M.; Blei, D.M.; Fienberg, S.E.; Xing, E.P. Combining Stochastic Block Models and Mixed Membership for Statistical Network Analysis. In Statistical Network Analysis: Models, Issues, and New Directions: ICML 2006 Workshop on Statistical Network Analysis, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 29, 2006, Revised Selected Papers; Airoldi, E., Blei, D.M., Fienberg, S.E., Goldenberg, A., Xing, E.P., Zheng, A.X., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 57–74 ISBN 9783540731320.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Logistics.

Blog post
Evans, K. Nepal Burns Stockpile Of 4,000 Animal Parts To Fight Trafficking (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications Market in Canada; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morissette, T.M. Elder Friendliness and Social Participation of Older Adults Living within Age-Segregated Retirement Communities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Game and the Season End In Frustration for the Power. New York Times 2002, 85.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLogistics
ISSN (online)2305-6290

Other styles