How to format your references using the Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heglund, N.C. Physiology. Running a-fowl of the law. Science 2004, 303, 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marchiori, D.; Warglien, M. Predicting human interactive learning by regret-driven neural networks. Science 2008, 319, 1111–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acquisti, C.; Kleffe, J.; Collins, S. Oxygen content of transmembrane proteins over macroevolutionary time scales. Nature 2007, 445, 47–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wenk, H.R.; Matthies, S.; Hemley, R.J.; Mao, H.K.; Shu, J. The plastic deformation of iron at pressures of the Earth’s inner core. Nature 2000, 405, 1044–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitajima, M. Memory and Action Selection in Human-Machine Interaction; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119268628.
An edited book
Drug Use Trajectories Among Minority Youth; Thomas, Y.F., Price, L.N., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2016; ISBN 9789401774895.
A chapter in an edited book
Vasa, A.; Michaelowa, A. Uncertainty in Climate Policy – Impacts on Market Mechanisms. In Climate Change and Policy: The Calculability of Climate Change and the Challenge of Uncertainty; Gramelsberger, G., Feichter, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 127–144 ISBN 9783642176999.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Logistics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Octopuses Are Even More Amazing Than We Thought Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Higher Education: Tuition Continues to Rise, but Patterns Vary by Institution Type, Enrollment, and Educational Expenditures; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wetherington, J.M. The relationship between learning organization dimensions and performance in the nonprofit sector. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Film Series. New York Times 2017, C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLogistics
ISSN (online)2305-6290

Other styles