How to format your references using the Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis, C. Stem-Cell Reverse Angers Australian Biologists. Nature 2002, 416, 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Souza, A.M.C.; Andrade, R.F.S. Coin State Properties in Quantum Walks. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daeschler, E.B.; Shubin, N.H.; Jenkins, F.A., Jr A Devonian Tetrapod-like Fish and the Evolution of the Tetrapod Body Plan. Nature 2006, 440, 757–763.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oxley, D.R.; Smith, K.B.; Alford, J.R.; Hibbing, M.V.; Miller, J.L.; Scalora, M.; Hatemi, P.K.; Hibbing, J.R. Political Attitudes Vary with Physiological Traits. Science 2008, 321, 1667–1670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg, U.; Cooper, C.L. The Science of Occupational Health; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444391121.
An edited book
A Multimodal End-2-End Approach to Accessible Computing; Biswas, P., Duarte, C., Langdon, P., Almeida, L., Jung, C., Eds.; Human–Computer Interaction Series; Springer: London, 2013; ISBN 9781447150817.
A chapter in an edited book
Davies, P.; Sanders, D.L.; Amos, R. Learning in Cultivated Gardens and Other Outdoor Landscapes. In Darwin-Inspired Learning; Boulter, C.J., Reiss, M.J., Sanders, D.L., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015; pp. 47–58 ISBN 9789462098336.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Enceladus Now A Top Candidate For Extraterrestrial Life Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Postsecondary Education: College and University Endowments Have Shown Long-Term Growth, While Size, Restrictions, and Distributions Vary; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brasseaux, S. The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and Land Changes in Louisiana Deltaic Plain, Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, M.; Baker, A.L. East Village Blast and Fire Fell Buildings and Hurt at Least 19. New York Times 2015, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLogistics
ISSN (online)2305-6290

Other styles