How to format your references using the International Journal of Game Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Game Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goulson D (2014) Ecology: Pesticides linked to bird declines. Nature 511:295–296
A journal article with 2 authors
Bader JS, Chant J (2006) Systems biology. When proteomes collide. Science 311:187–188
A journal article with 3 authors
Santamaría L, Diaz M, Valladares F (2013) Science in Europe. Dark clouds over Spanish science. Science 340:1292
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lei Y, Mehmood F, Lee S, et al (2010) Increased silver activity for direct propylene epoxidation via subnanometer size effects. Science 328:224–228

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reason B, Løvlie L, Brand Flu M (2015) Service Design for Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Greiner W (ed) (2013) Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics: Quarks and Gluons / Atomic Nuclei / Relativity and Cosmology / Biological Systems. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Grünig R, Morschett D (2012) Strategic planning in general. In: Morschett D (ed) Developing International Strategies: Going and Being International for Medium-sized Companies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Game Theory.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Jurassic World: If You Make A Monster It Will Always Bite Back. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Rotation Policies and Practices Have Been Changed for the Better--But Room for Improvement Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez C (2012) Generation-Y leadership: A qualitative phenomenological study of virtual socialization relationships. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) An Esteemed Seminary’s Earthly Concern: The Endowment Shrinks, but Bills Persist. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goulson 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bader and Chant 2006; Goulson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bader and Chant 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lei et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Game Theory
AbbreviationInt. J. Game Theory
ISSN (print)0020-7276
ISSN (online)1432-1270
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles