How to format your references using the International Journal of Game Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Game Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2005) Genomics: genotyping gets up to speed. Nature 435:992
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaba T, Neher E (2003) Direct modulation of synaptic vesicle priming by GABA(B) receptor activation at a glutamatergic synapse. Nature 424:775–778
A journal article with 3 authors
Dai L, Korolev KS, Gore J (2013) Slower recovery in space before collapse of connected populations. Nature 496:355–358
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Oh SH, Kauffmann Y, Scheu C, et al (2005) Ordered liquid aluminum at the interface with sapphire. Science 310:661–663

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garber R (2014) BIM Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Tymieniecka A-T (ed) (2006) Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Two: The Human Condition in-the-Unity-of-Everything-there-is-alive. Individuation, Self, Person, Self-determination, Freedom, Necessity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Cardoso AR, Queliconi BB, Kowaltowski AJ (2010) Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species in Myocardial Pre- and Postconditioning. In: Sauer H, Shah AM, Laurindo FRM (eds) Studies on Cardiovascular Disorders. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 109–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Game Theory.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) How To Watch Next Week’s Geminid Meteor Shower. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) D.C. Emergency Highway Relief Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knehans A (2013) As you like it: The road to design. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Finally, From Italy, Washington In the Buff. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sakaba and Neher 2003; Smith 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sakaba and Neher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Oh et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Game Theory
AbbreviationInt. J. Game Theory
ISSN (print)0020-7276
ISSN (online)1432-1270
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles