How to format your references using the International Journal of Game Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Game Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craddock Lee SJ (2000) Unionization of teaching assistants. Science 288:1965c
A journal article with 2 authors
Northrup AB, MacMillan DWC (2004) Two-step synthesis of carbohydrates by selective aldol reactions. Science 305:1752–1755
A journal article with 3 authors
Grubb PJ, Coomes DA, Metcalfe DJ (2005) Comment on “A brief history of seed size.” Science 310:783; author reply 783
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rickert M, Wang X, Boulanger MJ, et al (2005) The structure of interleukin-2 complexed with its alpha receptor. Science 308:1477–1480

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer-Moore D, Moore M (2012) Destructive Myths in Family Therapy. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Martens ESJ (2008) High-Level Modeling and Synthesis of Analog Integrated Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Guala F (2014) On the Nature of Social Kinds. In: Gallotti M, Michael J (eds) Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Game Theory.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Misinformed Spiders Lead Colonies To Disaster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Student Financial Aid: Schools’ Experiences Using the National Student Loan Data System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khayyat AM (2015) Use of near field communication technology to prevent consumption and usage of expired products. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S, Martin J (2017) Marchers Map Out Next Steps. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craddock Lee 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Craddock Lee 2000; Northrup and MacMillan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Northrup and MacMillan 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Rickert et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Game Theory
AbbreviationInt. J. Game Theory
ISSN (print)0020-7276
ISSN (online)1432-1270
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles