How to format your references using the International Journal of Game Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Game Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2007) Over a pork barrel. Nature 447:628
A journal article with 2 authors
Reczek CR, Chandel NS (2015) CANCER. Revisiting vitamin C and cancer. Science 350:1317–1318
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsori Y, Tournilhac F, Leibler L (2004) Demixing in simple fluids induced by electric field gradients. Nature 430:544–547
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Macintosh AJJ, Pelletier L, Chiaradia A, et al (2013) Temporal fractals in seabird foraging behaviour: diving through the scales of time. Sci Rep 3:1884

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li Y (2015) Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sankai Y, Suzuki K, Hasegawa Y (eds) (2014) Cybernics: Fusion of human, machine and information systems. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Aksamit AJ (2013) Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy. In: Jackson AC (ed) Viral Infections of the Human Nervous System. Springer, Basel, pp 65–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Game Theory.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) An Electric Wind Has Stripped Venus Of Its Oceans. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Department of Education Uncertain About Effectiveness of Its Special Services Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart AR (2009) Entrepreneurial perception: A survey of graduates of a global management MBA program. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2007; Reczek and Chandel 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reczek and Chandel 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Macintosh et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Game Theory
AbbreviationInt. J. Game Theory
ISSN (print)0020-7276
ISSN (online)1432-1270
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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