How to format your references using the Liver Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Liver Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Rogers KC: Nuclear research. The past and future of University research reactors. Science 2002;295:2217–2218.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Greenberger MD, Vogelstein R: Public health. Pharmacist refusals: a threat to women’s health. Science 2005;308:1557–1558.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Jacobs SS, Giulivi CF, Mele PA: Freshening of the Ross Sea during the late 20th century. Science 2002;297:386–389.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Jancke D, Chavane F, Naaman S, Grinvald A: Imaging cortical correlates of illusion in early visual cortex. Nature 2004;428:423–426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kyan M, Muneesawang P, Jarrah K, Guan L: Unsupervised Learning. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
1
Hayat MA (ed): Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 8: Therapeutic Applications in Disease and Injury. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Girbau J, Bruna L: Stability by Linearization of Einstein’s Equation, General Concepts; in Bruna L (ed): Stability by Linearization of Einstein’s Field Equation. Basel, Birkhäuser, 2010, pp 109–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Liver Cancer.

Blog post
1
Luntz S: Stargazing Live Leads To Discovery Of Multi-Planet System. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/stargazing-live-leads-to-discovery-of-multi-planet-system/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Opportunities for Improving Program Planning for Photovoltaic Research and Development. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Fulton E: Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Pendleton I: ART AND TASTE IN THE SMALL GARDEN; The Show Is a Busy Short-Course Garden School. New York Times 1934;DRAMA SCREEN MUSIC SHOPPERS’ COLUMNS EDUCATION GARDENS RADIO FASHIONS ART THE DANCE HOTELS RESTAURANTSX14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLiver Cancer
AbbreviationLiver Cancer
ISSN (print)2235-1795
ISSN (online)1664-5553
ScopeHepatology
Oncology

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