How to format your references using the Liver Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Liver Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Robinson TE. Neuroscience. Addicted rats. Science. 2004 Aug;305(5686):951–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
DiNardo S, Braun RE. Developmental biology. Home for the precious few. Science. 2007 Sep;317(5845):1696–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Kirichok Y, Navarro B, Clapham DE. Whole-cell patch-clamp measurements of spermatozoa reveal an alkaline-activated Ca2+ channel. Nature. 2006 Feb;439(7077):737–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Crabbe L, Verdun RE, Haggblom CI, Karlseder J. Defective telomere lagging strand synthesis in cells lacking WRN helicase activity. Science. 2004 Dec;306(5703):1951–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Laykin E. Investigative Computer Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1
Meersman R, Tari Z, editors. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2008: OTM 2008 Confederated International Conferences, CoopIS, DOA, GADA, IS, and ODBASE 2008, Monterrey, Mexico, November 9-14, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Luepschen H, Leonhardt S, Putensen C. Measuring Stroke Volume Using Electrical Impedance Tomography. In: Vincent J-L, editor. Intensive Care Medicine. New York, NY: Springer; 2010; pp 46–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Liver Cancer.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Six Easy Ways To Tell If That Viral Story Is A Hoax [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Sep

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. FAA Staffing: Recruitment, Hiring, and Initial Training of Safety-Related Personnel. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Cao L. Mathematical Modeling of Long-Term Productivity of Hydraulic- and HEG- Fractured Wells in Ultra-Low Permeability Reservoirs. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Santora M, Baker AL. Workers Search for Victims Amid Pockets of Fire. New York Times. 2015 Mar;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLiver Cancer
AbbreviationLiver Cancer
ISSN (print)2235-1795
ISSN (online)1664-5553
ScopeHepatology
Oncology

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