How to format your references using the Liver Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Liver Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Palme H. Planetary science. A new solar system basalt. Science. 2002 Apr;296(5566):271–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Ogawa W, Kasuga M. Cell signaling. Fat stress and liver resistance. Science. 2008 Dec;322(5907):1483–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Chen IA, Roberts RW, Szostak JW. The emergence of competition between model protocells. Science. 2004 Sep;305(5689):1474–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Inoue M, Chang L, Hwang J, Chiang S-H, Saltiel AR. The exocyst complex is required for targeting of Glut4 to the plasma membrane by insulin. Nature. 2003 Apr;422(6932):629–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Staudt G. Experimentalphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2001.
An edited book
1
Bres S, Laurini R, editors. Visual Information and Information Systems: 8th International Conference, VISUAL 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 5, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Gerónimo D, López AM. Completing the System. In: López AM, editor. Vision-based Pedestrian Protection Systems for Intelligent Vehicles. New York, NY: Springer; 2014; pp 73–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Liver Cancer.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. NASA’s Budget For 2017 Has Passed A Huge Hurdle [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasas-budget-for-2017-has-passed-a-huge-hurdle/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. A Practical Guide to Federal Enterprise Architecture, Version 1.0 (Extended by GAO-03-584G). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Satam GC. The mechanical engineering approach for three dimensional modeling procedure and measurements of the heart anatomy. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kishkovsky S. Georgia Is Warned by Russia Against Plans to Join NATO. New York Times. 2008 Jun;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLiver Cancer
AbbreviationLiver Cancer
ISSN (print)2235-1795
ISSN (online)1664-5553
ScopeHepatology
Oncology

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