How to format your references using the Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx D (2004) Chemistry. Throwing tetrahedral dice. Science 303:634–636
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollan B, Ostrom E (2010) Social science. Cooperation and the commons. Science 330:923–924
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu G, Golding GB, Dean AM (2005) The selective cause of an ancient adaptation. Science 307:1279–1282
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Knauth DC, Federman SR, Lambert DL, Crane P (2000) Newly synthesized lithium in the interstellar medium. Nature 405:656–658

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fitzgerald RW, Meacham BJ (2017) Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lakshmanan V, Gilleland E, McGovern A, Tingley M (eds) (2015) Machine Learning and Data Mining Approaches to Climate Science: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Climate Informatics. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Berkowitz S (2006) Facial and Palatal Growth. In: Berkowitz S (ed) Cleft Lip and Palate. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 23–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) European Satellite Used To Track Coral Bleaching Event. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) James Webb Space Telescope: Actions Needed to Improve Cost Estimate and Oversight of Test and Integration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forlano L (2008) When code meets place: Collaboration and innovation at WiFi hotspots. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dollinger A, Rosenberg E (2017) Foster Father Acquitted Of Sex Abuse Charges. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Marx 2004; Vollan and Ostrom 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vollan and Ostrom 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Knauth et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
AbbreviationBull. Eng. Geol. Environ.
ISSN (print)1435-9529
ISSN (online)1435-9537
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Engineering
Ocean Engineering
General Environmental Science

Other styles