How to format your references using the Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaetz T (2015) Quantum physics: Entanglement beyond identical ions. Nature 528:337–338
A journal article with 2 authors
Bray GA, Tartaglia LA (2000) Medicinal strategies in the treatment of obesity. Nature 404:672–677
A journal article with 3 authors
Gawronski H, Mehlhorn M, Morgenstern K (2008) Imaging phonon excitation with atomic resolution. Science 319:930–933
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dhar RS, Razavipour SG, Dupont E, et al (2014) Direct nanoscale imaging of evolving electric field domains in quantum structures. Sci Rep 4:7183

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang W, Wan M (2016) Milling Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bourdin B (2008) The Variational Approach to Fracture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Budhu A, Ji J, Wang XW (2010) Genomic Profiling of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma. In: Carr BI (ed) Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 131–182

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) For Ocean Animals, ‘Death By Plastic’ Could Be Occurring More Frequently. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Triennial Assessment of the Tennessee Valley Authority--Fiscal Years 1977-1979. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez H (2009) Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Mets Start Spring as Big Spenders, and Carrying an Outfield Surplus. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaetz 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bray and Tartaglia 2000; Schaetz 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bray and Tartaglia 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dhar et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
AbbreviationBull. Eng. Geol. Environ.
ISSN (print)1435-9529
ISSN (online)1435-9537
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Engineering
Ocean Engineering
General Environmental Science

Other styles