How to format your references using the Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polster B (2002) Mathematics: What is the best way to lace your shoes? Nature 420:476
A journal article with 2 authors
Brecht M, Schmitz D (2008) Neuroscience. Rules of plasticity. Science 319:39–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu BO, Zhao J, Feng Y (2013) Active impedance metasurface with full 360° reflection phase tuning. Sci Rep 3:3059
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Burbank DW, Blythe AE, Putkonen J, et al (2003) Decoupling of erosion and precipitation in the Himalayas. Nature 426:652–655

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro B, Ruiz P, Danoy G, et al (2014) Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tomasi D (2013) The Power of the Terroir: the Case Study of Prosecco Wine. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Coecke S, Bernasconi C, Bowe G, et al (2016) Practical Aspects of Designing and Conducting Validation Studies Involving Multi-study Trials. In: Eskes C, Whelan M (eds) Validation of Alternative Methods for Toxicity Testing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 133–163

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Astronomers Solve Decades-Old Mystery Of Ancient Lonely Stars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) ADP Acquisition: Air Force Logistics System Modernization Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bilbrey J (2017) The Positive Effects Extrinsic Motivation Can Have on Intrinsic Motivation in a Math Classroom. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Capecchi C, Williams T (2011) Helicopter Crash Victims Named. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polster 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Polster 2002; Brecht and Schmitz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brecht and Schmitz 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Burbank et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
AbbreviationBull. Eng. Geol. Environ.
ISSN (print)1435-9529
ISSN (online)1435-9537
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Engineering
Ocean Engineering
General Environmental Science

Other styles