How to format your references using the Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen M (2003) Liability for climate change. Nature 421:891–892
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickman DK, Davis GW (2009) The schizophrenia susceptibility gene dysbindin controls synaptic homeostasis. Science 326:1127–1130
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldi C, Cho S, Ellis RE (2009) Mutations in two independent pathways are sufficient to create hermaphroditic nematodes. Science 326:1002–1005
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kaplanis J, Gordon A, Shor T, et al (2018) Quantitative analysis of population-scale family trees with millions of relatives. Science 360:171–175

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett K (2016) The Experience of History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Valldorf J, Gessner W (eds) (2007) Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2007. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas TJ, Zwinderman AH (2013) Bhattacharya Analysis. In: Zwinderman AH (ed) Machine Learning in Medicine: Part Two. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 27–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Scientist At Work: Revealing The Secret Lives Of Urban Rats. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientist-at-work-revealing-the-secret-lives-of-urban-rats/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Army Aviation Testing: Need to Reassess Consolidation Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ndiaye O (2010) The Predictability of the Sahelian Climate: Seasonal Sahel Rainfall and Onset over Senegal. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Leadership on View in ‘ArtWalk’ Near West Point. New York Times WE9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Allen 2003; Dickman and Davis 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dickman and Davis 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaplanis et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
AbbreviationBull. Eng. Geol. Environ.
ISSN (print)1435-9529
ISSN (online)1435-9537
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Engineering
Ocean Engineering
General Environmental Science

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