How to format your references using the Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary DC (2008) Quantum dynamics of chemical reactions. Science 321:789–791
A journal article with 2 authors
Ravizza G, Peucker-Ehrenbrink B (2003) Chemostratigraphic evidence of Deccan volcanism from the marine osmium isotope record. Science 302:1392–1395
A journal article with 3 authors
Corezzi S, Fioretto D, Rolla P (2002) Bond-controlled configurational entropy reduction in chemical vitrification. Nature 420:653–656
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang Y-J, Han W, Xia Y-J, et al (2014) Quantum speed limit for arbitrary initial states. Sci Rep 4:4890

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajpai P (2010) Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hosseini K (2011) Minimizing Spurious Tones in Digital Delta-Sigma Modulators, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Mizuguchi Y, Specht S, Isse K, et al (2011) Biliary Epithelial Cells. In: Monga SPS (ed) Molecular Pathology of Liver Diseases. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 27–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Nike Will Release Self-Lacing “Back To The Future” Shoes For 2016. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Combined Fund Update. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson DH (2009) Structured interactions and collective outcomes essays on production and finance. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) The Harlem Renaissance’s New Chapter. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clary 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ravizza and Peucker-Ehrenbrink 2003; Clary 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ravizza and Peucker-Ehrenbrink 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
AbbreviationBull. Eng. Geol. Environ.
ISSN (print)1435-9529
ISSN (online)1435-9537
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Engineering
Ocean Engineering
General Environmental Science

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