How to format your references using the Liquid Crystals Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Liquid Crystals Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Helliwell JR. Biochemistry. How to solve protein structures with an X-ray laser. Science. 2013;339:146–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nori F, Tonomura A. Applied physics. Helical spin order on the move. Science. 2006;311:344–345.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Osawa M, Anderson DE, Erickson HP. Reconstitution of contractile FtsZ rings in liposomes. Science. 2008;320:792–794.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Xie Q, Guo H-S, Dallman G, et al. SINAT5 promotes ubiquitin-related degradation of NAC1 to attenuate auxin signals. Nature. 2002;419:167–170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hersent O. IP Telephony. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Yamamoto S, editor. Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction Design: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Scozzari S, Gamberini L. Virtual Reality as a Tool for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Review. In: Brahnam S, Jain LC, editors. Advanced Computational Intelligence Paradigms in Healthcare 6 Virtual Reality in Psychotherapy, Rehabilitation, and Assessment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 63–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Liquid Crystals Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. The Human Brain Makes Fructose, Researchers Discover – Here’s Why That Might Be A Big Deal. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Selection, Negotiation, and Award of Certain Contracts, NASA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969. Report No.: 092718. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wirtz Y. Strain Variation between the Monterey and Sisquoc Formations, Southern Santa Maria Basin, California, USA: Implications for Structural Assessment of Fold and Thrust Belts [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Big Breaks on Unpaid Parking Tickets, for a Limited Time Only. New York Times. 2009 Mar 15;LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLiquid Crystals Reviews
AbbreviationLiq. Cryst. Rev.
ISSN (print)2168-0396
ISSN (online)2168-0418
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles