How to format your references using the Lipids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lipids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grinnell F (2013) It is time to update US biomedical funding. Nature 501:137
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann HM, Mukhopadhyay S (2009) Preserving noble gases in a convecting mantle. Nature 459:560–563
A journal article with 3 authors
Guedes JD, Bocinsky RK, Butler EE (2015) Asian archaeology. Comment on "Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P. ". Science 348:872
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Blanco P, Palucka AK, Gill M, et al (2001) Induction of dendritic cell differentiation by IFN-alpha in systemic lupus erythematosus. Science 294:1540–1543

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson J, Hyde T, Ahmad S (2008) Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
An edited book
Markman M, Saltz LB (2007) Colorectal Cancer: Evidence-Based Chemotherapy Strategies. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Bishnupuri KS, Mishra MK (2016) Epigenetics of Colorectal Cancer. In: Mishra MK, Bishnupuri KS (eds) Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 97–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lipids.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Only Three EU Countries On Track To Meet Paris Climate Agreement Targets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Florio ML (2012) Assessing the impacts of knowing natural team player styles on team satisfaction and cohesion. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Schweber N (2015) Driver Arrested After Bus Fatally Strikes Pedestrian. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLipids
ISSN (print)0024-4201
ISSN (online)1558-9307
Cell Biology
Organic Chemistry

Other styles