How to format your references using the Future Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gisin N. Physics. Quantum nonlocality: how does nature do it? Science. 326(5958), 1357–1358 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnakota RK, Genov DA. Terahertz optoelectronics with surface plasmon polariton diode. Sci. Rep. 4, 4899 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Connors M, Wiegert P, Veillet C. Earth’s Trojan asteroid. Nature. 475(7357), 481–483 (2011).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Helsen MM, van den Broeke MR, van de Wal RSW, et al. Elevation changes in Antarctica mainly determined by accumulation variability. Science. 320(5883), 1626–1629 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeMaris A. Regression with Social Data: Modeling Continuous and Limited Response Variables. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zoubir A, editor. Raman Imaging: Techniques and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dyreson C, Jin H. A Synthetic, Trend-Based Benchmark for XPath. In: Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2009 International Workshops: BenchmarX, MCIS, WDPP, PPDA, MBC, PhD, Brisbane, Australia, April 20 - 23, 2009. Chen L, Liu C, Liu Q, Deng K (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 35–48 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Neurology.

Blog post
Fang J. Mini Colons Grown in the Lab from Tumors [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Help Strengthen Security, but Could Improve Priority-Setting and Assessment Processes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mack DL. The Cost of Credit: Protecting Consumers in a Regulated Fringe Credit Market. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J. Praise For Victim Prompts A Debate. New York Times, A11 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Neurology
AbbreviationFuture Neurol.
ISSN (print)1479-6708
ISSN (online)1748-6971
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles