How to format your references using the Intensive Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intensive Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hede K (2013) Emergency medicine: The need for speed. Nature 503:S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shimamoto T, Togo T (2012) Geophysics. Earthquakes in the lab. Science 338:54–55
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rompolas P, Mesa KR, Greco V (2013) Spatial organization within a niche as a determinant of stem-cell fate. Nature 502:513–518
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Song H, Jeong T-G, Moon YH, et al (2014) Stabilization of oxygen-deficient structure for conducting Li4Ti5O12-δ by molybdenum doping in a reducing atmosphere. Sci Rep 4:4350

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Doyle JF (2005) Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Husain Z (2014) Women in Kolkata’s IT Sector: Satisficing Between Work and Household. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kelly PF (2012) Class, Migration, and Identity in a Philippine Village. In: Plüss C, Chan K-B (eds) Living Intersections: Transnational Migrant Identifications in Asia. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 53–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intensive Care Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2015) Enormous Asteroid Discovered Last Week Will Whizz Past Earth On Halloween. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) Report to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on Fundamental Improvements Needed for Timely Promulgation of Health Program Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Martinez K (2009) Personal narrative: The struggles and limitations of immigration experienced by an El Salvadorian refugee. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2010) Cafeteria Fare, Korean-Style. New York Times NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntensive Care Medicine
AbbreviationIntensive Care Med.
ISSN (print)0342-4642
ISSN (online)1432-1238
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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