How to format your references using the Frontiers in Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waldrop, M. M. (2011). Physics meets cancer: The disruptor. Nature 474, 20–22.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, M. A., and Chen, C. S. (2013). Cell biology. Deconstructing dimensionality. Science 339, 402–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak, K., Cho, K., and Kim, S. (2013). Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2787.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pandey, A., Misra, P., Bhambhani, S., Bhatia, C., and Trivedi, P. K. (2014). Expression of Arabidopsis MYB transcription factor, AtMYB111, in tobacco requires light to modulate flavonol content. Sci. Rep. 4, 5018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wills, B. (2016). Purposely Profitable. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Proudler, G. (2014). Trusted Computing Platforms: TPM2.0 in Context. , eds. L. Chen and C. Dalton Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Okumura, M. (2015). “Techniques,” in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy: Principles and Practices, ed. Y. Nagata (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Sociology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Astronomers Spot Oldest Known Planetary System In The Galaxy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Transportation Research: Opportunities for Improving the Oversight of DOT’s Research Programs and User Satisfaction with Transportation Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yarijanian, A. A. (2017). Cardborigami’s Strategic Business Plan to Address Urban Homelessness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1993). CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times, 723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Waldrop, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Waldrop, 2011; Schwartz and Chen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Chen, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pandey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Sociology
AbbreviationFront. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2297-7775

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