How to format your references using the Frontiers in Sociology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Sociology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinert, T. (2007). Cell biology. What a cell should know (but may not). Science 315, 1374–1375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scher, H. D., and Martin, E. E. (2006). Timing and climatic consequences of the opening of Drake Passage. Science 312, 428–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, D., Wang, C., and Guyot-Sionnest, P. (2003). n-Type conducting CdSe nanocrystal solids. Science 300, 1277–1280.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ortega-Martínez, O., Pernas, M., Carol, R. J., and Dolan, L. (2007). Ethylene modulates stem cell division in the Arabidopsis thaliana root. Science 317, 507–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dye, F. J. (2017). Dictionary of Stem Cells, Regenerative Medicine, and Translational Medicine. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dumortier, F. (2006). Qualitative Theory of Planar Differential Systems. , eds. J. Llibre and J. C. Artés Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Min-hang, L. (2012). “The Study on Function of Folk Sports,” in Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 2: Education, Psychology and Computer Science Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing., ed. Y. Wu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 33–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Sociology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Researchers Develop Antibiotic Spider Silk That Could Be Used To Treat Wounds. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Evaluation of Unit Cost Reports Submitted Under Public Law 97-86, Section 917. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, X. (2006). Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Donohue, J. J., Iii, and Schoening, M. (2017). The Grim Reaper of Alabama. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinert, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Scher and Martin, 2006; Weinert, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scher and Martin, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ortega-Martínez et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Sociology
AbbreviationFront. Sociol.
ISSN (online)2297-7775

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