How to format your references using the Linear Algebra and Its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Linear Algebra and Its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.J. McGillicuddy Jr, Oceans. Eddies masquerade as planetary waves, Science. 334 (2011) 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.M. Canup, E. Asphaug, Origin of the Moon in a giant impact near the end of the Earth’s formation, Nature. 412 (2001) 708–712.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Ninomiya, R.P. Elinson, R. Winklbauer, Antero-posterior tissue polarity links mesoderm convergent extension to axial patterning, Nature. 430 (2004) 364–367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.J. Thomas, P.R. Krehbiel, W. Rison, H.E. Edens, G.D. Aulich, W.P. Winn, S.R. McNutt, G. Tytgat, E. Clark, Electrical activity during the 2006 Mount St. Augustine volcanic eruptions, Science. 315 (2007) 1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Dimon, Enterprise Performance Management Done Right, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
M. Mistry, A. Leonardis, M. Witkowski, C. Melhuish, eds., Advances in Autonomous Robotics Systems: 15th Annual Conference, TAROS 2014, Birmingham, UK, September 1-3, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Privat, R. Warner, Working with Data Objects, in: R. Warner (Ed.), Pro Core Data for IOS: Data Access and Persistence Engine for IPhone, IPad, and IPod Touch, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2011: pp. 129–180.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Linear Algebra and Its Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Seismologists Deploy After A Quake To Learn More, So We Can Prepare For The Next One, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Assessment of the Commerce Department’s Report on Worker Demand and Supply, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Peng, Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.C. McKINLEY Jr, For Manhattan Fare-Beaters, a One-Way Ticket to Court May Be Gone Soon, New York Times. (2017) A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLinear Algebra and Its Applications
AbbreviationLinear Algebra Appl.
ISSN (print)0024-3795
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Geometry and Topology
Numerical Analysis

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