How to format your references using the Linear Algebra and Its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Linear Algebra and Its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Tromans, Cell biology. Asymmetry in action, Nature. 411 (2001) 33.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.M. Gonnermann, M. Manga, Explosive volcanism may not be an inevitable consequence of magma fragmentation, Nature. 426 (2003) 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Luo, J. Zhu, H. Ye, Comment on “Tubular graphite cones,” Science. 303 (2004) 766; author reply 766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.B. Millar, J. Guy, O.J. Sansom, J. Selfridge, E. MacDougall, B. Hendrich, P.D. Keightley, S.M. Bishop, A.R. Clarke, A. Bird, Enhanced CpG mutability and tumorigenesis in MBD4-deficient mice, Science. 297 (2002) 403–405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Graham, Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
Z. Deng, H. Li, eds., Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Automation Conference: Intelligent Automation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Gaffney, Living with Uncertainty, in: A.M. Dienstfrey, R.F. Boisvert (Eds.), Uncertainty Quantification in Scientific Computing: 10th IFIP WG 2.5 Working Conference, WoCoUQ 2011, Boulder, CO, USA, August 1-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 46–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Linear Algebra and Its Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Men Walk On Ice As Clear As Glass, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Computer Security: Unauthorized Access to a NASA Scientific Network, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Kreisel, Gabor frames for quasicrystals and K-theory, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, K. Belson, Seau Had Brain Disease Found in Other Ex-Players, New York Times. (2013) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLinear Algebra and Its Applications
AbbreviationLinear Algebra Appl.
ISSN (print)0024-3795
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Geometry and Topology
Numerical Analysis

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