How to format your references using the Limnologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Limnologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V., 2013. Biology: The big challenges of big data. Nature 498, 255–260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dixon, A.R., Sato, H., 2014. High speed and adaptable error correction for megabit/s rate quantum key distribution. Sci. Rep. 4, 7275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Croxall, J.P., Trathan, P.N., Murphy, E.J., 2002. Environmental change and Antarctic seabird populations. Science 297, 1510–1514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bushnell, D.A., Westover, K.D., Davis, R.E., Kornberg, R.D., 2004. Structural basis of transcription: an RNA polymerase II-TFIIB cocrystal at 4.5 Angstroms. Science 303, 983–988.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux, P., Attour, A., Schenk, E., 2016. Knowledge Management and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Moriarty, P., Gauthier, S. (Eds.), 2015. Imaging and Manipulation of Adsorbates Using Dynamic Force Microscopy: Proceedings from the AtMol Conference Series, Nottingham, UK, April 16-17, 2013, Advances in Atom and Single Molecule Machines. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bider, I., Perjons, E., Elias, M., 2012. Untangling the Dynamic Structure of an Enterprise by Applying a Fractal Approach to Business Processes, in: Sandkuhl, K., Seigerroth, U., Stirna, J. (Eds.), The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2012, Rostock, Germany, November 7-8, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Limnologica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Scientists Can Now Submit Proposals To Use NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-can-now-submit-proposals-to-use-nasas-james-webb-space-telescope/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Survey of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (GAO-09-867SP, September 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-868 (No. GAO-09-867SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karmacharya, B., 2015. Population Dynamics of Northern Cardinal and Carolina Wren in an Urban Forest Fragment: Safe Refuge or Ecological Trap? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2016. ‘Friday File’: The Whitney’s 1966 Debut (Now the Met Breuer). New York Times C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dixon and Sato, 2014; Marx, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dixon and Sato, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bushnell et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleLimnologica
AbbreviationLimnologica
ISSN (print)0075-9511
ScopeAquatic Science

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