How to format your references using the Galaxies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Galaxies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cluver, L. Children of the AIDS pandemic. Nature 2011, 474, 27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, J.-Q.; Pollard, T.D. Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science 2005, 310, 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, K.J.; Cooper, A.; Phillips, M.J. Comment on “Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds.” Science 2015, 349, 1460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nishimura, N.; Hitomi, K.; Arvai, A.S.; Rambo, R.P.; Hitomi, C.; Cutler, S.R.; Schroeder, J.I.; Getzoff, E.D. Structural mechanism of abscisic acid binding and signaling by dimeric PYR1. Science 2009, 326, 1373–1379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baguley, D.; Andersson, G.; McFerran, D.; McKenna, L. Tinnitus: A Multidisciplinary Approach; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.: West Sussex, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118783009.
An edited book
Giba, J. Preparing and Delivering Scientific Presentations: A Complete Guide for International Medical Scientists; Ribes, R., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; ISBN 9783642158889.
A chapter in an edited book
Nataro, J.P. Diarrhea Among Children in Developing Countries. In Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children IX; Curtis, N., Finn, A., Pollard, A.J., Eds.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 73–80 ISBN 9781461447252.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Galaxies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The First Space Walk Happened 50 Years Ago, And Nearly Ended In Disaster (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Tax System Modernization: Status of IRS’ Input Processing Initiative; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kilpatrick, R.F. A World Less Paved. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. Some Chafe at Rules Meant to Protect Youngest Girls. New York Times 2017, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGalaxies
ISSN (online)2075-4434

Other styles