How to format your references using the Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, P. J. (2010). Medicine. Neutrophils find smoke attractive. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6000), 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Visser, J. A. G. M., & Rozen, D. E. (2004). Comment on “High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5670), 518; author reply 518.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, T. M., Karl, T. R., & Reynolds, R. W. (2002). Climate modeling. How accurate are climate simulations? Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 483–484.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Akichika, S., Hirano, S., Shichino, Y., Suzuki, T., Nishimasu, H., Ishitani, R., … Suzuki, T. (2018). Cap-specific terminal N6-methylation of RNA by an RNA polymerase II-associated methyltransferase. Science (New York, N.Y.).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
May, V., & Kühn, O. (2007). Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Minev, B. R. (Ed.). (2011). Cancer Management in Man: Chemotherapy, Biological Therapy, Hyperthermia and Supporting Measures (Vol. 13). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hormann, V. (2015). Modelling Speciation and Distribution of Radionuclides in Agricultural Soils. In C. Walther & D. K. Gupta (Eds.), Radionuclides in the Environment: Influence of chemical speciation and plant uptake on radionuclide migration (pp. 81–99). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 6). New “Imaginary Meal” Diet Drug Tricks The Body Into Thinking It Has Eaten. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Review of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare’s Actions To Carry Out the Provisions of the National Cooley’s Anemia Control Act (No. B-164031(2)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, J. M. (2014). Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, July 26). 7 Falsehoods At 3 Events In One Day. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes, 2010; de Visser & Rozen, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Visser & Rozen, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Karl, & Reynolds, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Akichika et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services
AbbreviationLibr. Coll. Acquis. Tech. Serv.
ISSN (print)1464-9055
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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