How to format your references using the Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, T. W. (2002). Unique and redundant connexin contributions to lens development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 319–320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grayson, M., & Pincock, S. (2015). Nature Index 2015 Collaborations. Nature, 527(7577), S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackman, J. B., Burbridge, T. J., & Crair, M. C. (2012). Retinal waves coordinate patterned activity throughout the developing visual system. Nature, 490(7419), 219–225.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Croll, D. A., Clark, C. W., Acevedo, A., Tershy, B., Flores, S., Gedamke, J., & Urban, J. (2002). Only male fin whales sing loud songs. Nature, 417(6891), 809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boulanger, J.-L. (2013). Safety Management for Software-based Equipment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hougaard, S. (2009). The Relationship Marketer: Rethinking Strategic Relationship Marketing (M. Bjerre, Ed.; Second Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kowada, L. A. B., de A. Hausen, R., & de Figueiredo, C. M. H. (2010). Bounds on the Transposition Distance for Lonely Permutations. In C. E. Ferreira, S. Miyano, & P. F. Stadler (Eds.), Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: 5th Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 31-September 3, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 35–46). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 26). A Moderate Solar Storm Is Hitting Earth As We Speak. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies’ Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts (GAO-09-956T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandon, G. L. (2017). Mendelssohn’s Public Statement of Faith: “Lobgesang” as Christian Witness [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2014, June 1). After the Guests Have Left. New York Times, ST13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson & Pincock, 2015; White, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grayson & Pincock, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Ackman et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Croll et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services
AbbreviationLibr. Coll. Acquis. Tech. Serv.
ISSN (print)1464-9055
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles