How to format your references using the Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Risbey, J. (2015). Earth science: Free and forced climate variations. Nature, 517(7536), 562–563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crivoi, A., & Duan, F. (2014). Three-dimensional Monte Carlo model of the coffee-ring effect in evaporating colloidal droplets. Scientific Reports, 4, 4310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G., Zhuchenko, O., & Kuspa, A. (2007). Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 678–681.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Baby, S., Johnson, A. J., Govindan, B., Lukose, S., Gopakumar, B., & Koshy, K. C. (2013). UV induced visual cues in grasses. Scientific Reports, 3, 2738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burnham, D., & Skilleås, O. M. (2012). The Aesthetics of Wine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nelson, K. E. (Ed.). (2015). Encyclopedia of Metagenomics: Genes, Genomes and Metagenomes: Basics, Methods, Databases and Tools. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Greiner, A., & Fincke, B. (2015). Productive Government Spending, Public Debt and Growth. In B. Fincke (Ed.), Public Debt, Sustainability and Economic Growth: Theory and Empirics (pp. 147–203). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 11). NASA-Funded 3D Pizza Printer Now Works At Tourist Attractions. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Intellectual Property: Federal Enforcement Has Generally Increased, but Assessing Performance Could Strengthen Law Enforcement Efforts (GAO-08-157). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan, S. A. (2010). Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, S. (2013, November 10). Vanishing Acts. New York Times, BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Risbey, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Crivoi & Duan, 2014; Risbey, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crivoi & Duan, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Baby et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services
AbbreviationLibr. Coll. Acquis. Tech. Serv.
ISSN (print)1464-9055
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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