How to format your references using the Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston, K. J. (2000). Global patterns in biodiversity. Nature, 405(6783), 220–227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hachet, O., & Ephrussi, A. (2004). Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization. Nature, 428(6986), 959–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reimand, J., Wagih, O., & Bader, G. D. (2013). The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer. Scientific Reports, 3, 2651.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Myers, S., Bottolo, L., Freeman, C., McVean, G., & Donnelly, P. (2005). A fine-scale map of recombination rates and hotspots across the human genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 321–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kobilinsky, L., Liotti, T. F., & Oeser-Sweat, J. (2004). DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nakamura, T. (2015). Urban Mining Systems (K. Halada, Ed.). Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Shanahan, F. (2009). Linking lifestyle with microbiota and risk of chronic inflammatory disorders. In G. A. W. Rook (Ed.), The Hygiene Hypothesis and Darwinian Medicine (pp. 93–102). Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 7). 4 Ways You Can Observe Relativity In Everyday Life. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Managing Host Country Contracting Activities (ID-82-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hussmann, S. (2014). Profiling Drilling Fluid Invasion in Sandstones Using Water Based Muds: Implications for Bridging and Wellbore Strengthening Effects [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Appelbaum, B., & Kelly, K. (2017, June 2). Trump Is Said to Pick 2 To Serve on Fed Board. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gaston, 2000; Hachet & Ephrussi, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hachet & Ephrussi, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Reimand et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Myers et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services
AbbreviationLibr. Coll. Acquis. Tech. Serv.
ISSN (print)1464-9055
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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