How to format your references using the Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Vries, S. (2015). Plant science: Precision positioning with peptides. Nature, 522(7557), 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carvalho, A. B., & Clark, A. G. (2005). Y chromosome of D. pseudoobscura is not homologous to the ancestral Drosophila Y. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 108–110.
A journal article with 3 authors
Back, J. M., McCue, S. W., & Moroney, T. J. (2014). Including nonequilibrium interface kinetics in a continuum model for melting nanoscaled particles. Scientific Reports, 4, 7066.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hsu, C.-W., Zhao, J., Huang, R., Hsieh, J.-H., Hamm, J., Chang, X., Houck, K., & Xia, M. (2014). Quantitative high-throughput profiling of environmental chemicals and drugs that modulate farnesoid X receptor. Scientific Reports, 4, 6437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, R. (2005). The History of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blecker, T., & Friedrich, G. (Eds.). (2006). Mass Customization: Challenges and Solutions (Vol. 87). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinzel, F. R., & Pieske, B. M. (2014). Cardiac Arrhythmias. In I. Wakabayashi & K. Groschner (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health: Volume III: Cardiovascular Events (pp. 69–96). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 10). “Game-Changing” Immunotherapy Drug Doubles Cancer Survival Rates. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Transportation Infrastructure: Advantages and Disadvantages of Wrap-Up Insurance for Large Construction Projects (RCED-99-155). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena, H. (2017). Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2015, November 21). U.A.W. Contract With General Motors Is Ratified After Delay. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Vries, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Carvalho & Clark, 2005; de Vries, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carvalho & Clark, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Back et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hsu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services
AbbreviationLibr. Coll. Acquis. Tech. Serv.
ISSN (print)1464-9055
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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