How to format your references using the Journal of Emergency Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Emergency Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zheludev NI. Applied physics. Obtaining optical properties on demand. Science. 2015;348(6238):973-974.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mattaini KR, Vander Heiden MG. Cancer. Glycosylation to adapt to stress. Science. 2012;337(6097):925-926.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Medina PP, Nolde M, Slack FJ. OncomiR addiction in an in vivo model of microRNA-21-induced pre-B-cell lymphoma. Nature. 2010;467(7311):86-90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hirsch C, Gauss R, Horn SC, Neuber O, Sommer T. The ubiquitylation machinery of the endoplasmic reticulum. Nature. 2009;458(7237):453-460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tjong SC. Polymer Composites with Carbonaceous Nanofillers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Doris K. Wide-Bandwidth High-Dynamic Range D/A Converters. Vol 871. (van Roermund A, Leenaerts D, eds.). Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bartl R, Frisch B. Subgroups of Osteoporosis. In: Frisch B, ed. Osteoporosis: Diagnosis, Prevention, Therapy. Springer; 2009:39-44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Emergency Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. A Spider Has Been Seen Eating A Crayfish For The First Time. IFLScience. Published October 10, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spider-seen-eating-crayfish-first-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Corrective Actions Underway, but Better Inspection Guidance Still Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Davis JA. Demobilizing the Minors: Examining Compliance with International Child Soldiering Laws. Published online 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dorman JL. From Small Plates, Inspiration Goes Beyond the Local Scene. New York Times. August 18, 2017:TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Emergency Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Emerg. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0099-1767
ScopeEmergency

Other styles