How to format your references using the Journal of Emergency Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Emergency Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Javanainen J. Physics. Bose-Einstein condensates interfere and survive. Science. 2005;307(5717):1883-1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tani K, Stoltz BM. Synthesis and structural analysis of 2-quinuclidonium tetrafluoroborate. Nature. 2006;441(7094):731-734.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nugent FS, Penick EC, Kauer JA. Opioids block long-term potentiation of inhibitory synapses. Nature. 2007;446(7139):1086-1090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liu C, Kurokawa R, Fujino M, Hirano S, Sato B, Li X-K. Estimation of the hydrogen concentration in rat tissue using an airtight tube following the administration of hydrogen via various routes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McAulay AD. Military Laser Technology for Defense. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Peh Lu C. Organization Design for International Construction Business. (Low Sui P, ed.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Herranz J, Laguillaumie F, Libert B, Ràfols C. Short Attribute-Based Signatures for Threshold Predicates. In: Dunkelman O, ed. Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2012: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2012, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 27 – March 2, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:51-67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Emergency Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. In Defence Of Racer Snakes – The Demons Of Planet Earth II (They’re Only After A Meal). IFLScience. Published November 9, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/in-defence-of-racer-snakes-the-demons-of-planet-earth-ii-theyre-only-after-a-meal/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Public Assistance: PARIS Project Can Help States Reduce Improper Benefit Payments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Charoenphol D. Using robust statistical methodology to evaluate the performance of project delivery systems: A case study of horizontal construction. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lee L. Looking Nice Either Way. New York Times. August 7, 2008:F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Emergency Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Emerg. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0099-1767
ScopeEmergency

Other styles