How to format your references using the Journal of Emergency Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Emergency Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C. Green light for plans to sell off US helium reserve. Nature. 2000;405(6786):496.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bader JS, Chant J. Systems biology. When proteomes collide. Science. 2006;311(5758):187-188.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scarf D, Hayne H, Colombo M. Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science. 2011;334(6063):1664.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Meng X, Liu D, Dai X, et al. Novel stable hard transparent conductors in TiO₂-TiC system: design materials from scratch. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bernatz RA. Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Shi P, ed. Natural Disasters in China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rapoport M, Lhoták O, Tip F. Precise Data Flow Analysis in the Presence of Correlated Method Calls. In: Blazy S, Jensen T, eds. Static Analysis: 22nd International Symposium, SAS 2015, Saint-Malo, France, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015:54-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Emergency Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Buzz Aldrin Describes His Encounter With A “UFO.” IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/buzz-aldrin-describes-his-encounter-ufo/. Published July 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Vehicles: Assessment of DOD’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Master Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McNamee L. Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kinsley M. Trump the Transparent. New York Times. June 17, 2017:SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Emergency Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Emerg. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0099-1767
ScopeEmergency

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