How to format your references using the Life Sciences in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Life Sciences in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A., 2000. SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION: Push to Revive Pluto Mission May Mean Competition for JPL. Science 290, 1270–1271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deschenes, L.A., Vanden Bout, D.A., 2001. Single-molecule studies of heterogeneous dynamics in polymer melts near the glass transition. Science 292, 255–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grund, T., Waloszek, C., Helbing, D., 2013. How natural selection can create both self- and other-regarding preferences, and networked minds. Sci. Rep. 3, 1480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bernet, M.L., Miniati, F., Lilly, S.J., Kronberg, P.P., Dessauges-Zavadsky, M., 2008. Strong magnetic fields in normal galaxies at high redshift. Nature 454, 302–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schoon, N., 2016. Modern Islamic Banking. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xu, H., Wang, X. (Eds.), 2014. Optimization and Control Methods in Industrial Engineering and Construction, Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Postema, P.G., Christiaans, I., Hofman, N., Alders, M., Koopmann, T.T., Bezzina, C.R., Loh, P., Zeppenfeld, K., Volders, P.G.A., Wilde, A.A.M., 2014. Founder mutations in the Netherlands: familial idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and DPP6*, in: Wilde, Arthur A. M., Tintelen, J.P. van (Eds.), Founder Mutations in Inherited Cardiac Diseases in the Netherlands. Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, Houten, pp. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Life Sciences in Space Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Genome Of Inca Child Mummy Sequenced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Vulnerabilities of Telecommunications Systems to Unauthorized Use (No. LCD-77-102). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sowers, P.A., 2012. “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Election Influence, Separate and Unequal. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Deschenes and Vanden Bout, 2001; Lawler, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deschenes and Vanden Bout, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bernet et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLife Sciences in Space Research
AbbreviationLife Sci. Space Res. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2214-5524

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