How to format your references using the Life Sciences in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Life Sciences in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korgel, B.A., 2005. Materials science. Nanosprings take shape. Science 309, 1683–1684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsodyks, M., Gilbert, C., 2004. Neural networks and perceptual learning. Nature 431, 775–781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carporzen, L., Gilder, S.A., Hart, R.J., 2005. Palaeomagnetism of the Vredefort meteorite crater and implications for craters on Mars. Nature 435, 198–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Belotserkovskaya, R., Oh, S., Bondarenko, V.A., Orphanides, G., Studitsky, V.M., Reinberg, D., 2003. FACT facilitates transcription-dependent nucleosome alteration. Science 301, 1090–1093.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertau, M., Müller, A., Fröhlich, P., Katzberg, M., 2013. Industrielle Anorganische Chemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Chauve, C., El-Mabrouk, N., Tannier, E. (Eds.), 2013. Models and Algorithms for Genome Evolution, Computational Biology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodrigues, F., Coles, M., Dye, D., 2012. Control Flow Basics, in: Coles, M., Dye, D. (Eds.), Pro SQL Server 2012 Integration Services. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 107–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Life Sciences in Space Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. An Artist Wants To 3D Print Someone’s Laugh In Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Consumers’ Location Data: Companies Take Steps to Protect Privacy, but Practices Are Inconsistent, and Risks May Not be Clear to Consumers (No. GAO-14-649T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milliken, D.E., 2012. Blood pressure measurement in the primary care provider setting: A project evaluating the blood pressure technique of nursing staff (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. August Wilson Has a Biographer. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Korgel, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Korgel, 2005; Tsodyks and Gilbert, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsodyks and Gilbert, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Belotserkovskaya et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleLife Sciences in Space Research
AbbreviationLife Sci. Space Res. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2214-5524

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