How to format your references using the Life Sciences in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Life Sciences in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, A.E., 2012. Planetary science. Fragments of the lunar cataclysm. Science 336, 1390–1391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finke, D.L., Snyder, W.E., 2008. Niche partitioning increases resource exploitation by diverse communities. Science 321, 1488–1490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalasani, R., Gupta, A., Vasudevan, S., 2013. Engineering new layered solids from exfoliated inorganics: a periodically alternating hydrotalcite-montmorillonite layered hybrid. Sci. Rep. 3, 3498.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao, X., Yao, Y., Zhou, L.-M., Wang, X., 2014. Distribution of quantum Fisher information in asymmetric cloning machines. Sci. Rep. 4, 7361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick, T.M., 2004. Fatal Exit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gayrard, V., Kistler, N. (Eds.), 2015. Correlated Random Systems: Five Different Methods: CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair, Spring 2013, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mächel, H., Rudolf, B., Maurer, T., Hagemann, S., Hagenbrock, R., Kitaev, L., Førland, E.J., Rasuvaev, V., Tveito, O.E., 2012. Observed Hydrological Cycle, in: Lemke, P., Jacobi, H.-W. (Eds.), Arctic Climate Change: The ACSYS Decade and Beyond, Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 199–246.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Life Sciences in Space Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. The Life-Changing Love Of One Of The 20th Century’s Greatest Physicists [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. The Potential Impact of National Security Decision Directive 145 on Civil Agencies (No. 127279). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, B., 2010. A drug and alcohol education and prevention program for Hispanic families: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2017. Free Rein for Immigration Agents. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Finke and Snyder, 2008; Rubin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finke and Snyder, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLife Sciences in Space Research
AbbreviationLife Sci. Space Res. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2214-5524

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