How to format your references using the Life Sciences in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Life Sciences in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward, M.D., 2003. Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science 300, 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonadonna, F., Nevitt, G.A., 2004. Partner-specific odor recognition in an Antarctic seabird. Science 306, 835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suvà, M.L., Riggi, N., Bernstein, B.E., 2013. Epigenetic reprogramming in cancer. Science 339, 1567–1570.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, G., Chen, H., Sun, Y., Li, X., Cui, P., Franchini, C., Wang, J., Chen, X.-Q., Zhang, Z., 2013. Tuning the vertical location of helical surface states in topological insulator heterostructures via dual-proximity effects. Sci. Rep. 3, 1233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hampel, F.R., Ronchetti, E.M., Rousseeuw, P.J., Stahel, W.A., 2005. Robust Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Okunieff, P., Williams, J., Chen, Y. (Eds.), 2005. Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ouzzani, M., Bouguettaya, A., 2011. Web Services Query Execution and Optimization, in: Bouguettaya, A. (Ed.), Semantic Web Services for Web Databases. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Life Sciences in Space Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Vaccinating Against Measles Could Also Protect You From Other Infectious Diseases [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Amtrak Management: Systemic Problems Require Actions to Improve Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Accountability (No. GAO-06-145). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kovacev, R.J., 2008. Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgeman. New York Times MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bonadonna and Nevitt, 2004; Ward, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonadonna and Nevitt, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLife Sciences in Space Research
AbbreviationLife Sci. Space Res. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2214-5524

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