How to format your references using the Life Sciences in Space Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Life Sciences in Space Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedrick, P.W., 2004. Comment on “Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality.” Science 303, 957; author reply 957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Limardo, A.J., Worden, A.Z., 2015. Microbiology: Exclusive networks in the sea. Nature 522, 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soroceanu, L., Akhavan, A., Cobbs, C.S., 2008. Platelet-derived growth factor-alpha receptor activation is required for human cytomegalovirus infection. Nature 455, 391–395.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mitchell, B., Jacobs, R., Li, J., Chien, S., Kintner, C., 2007. A positive feedback mechanism governs the polarity and motion of motile cilia. Nature 447, 97–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, I., 2010. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2010. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abramowicz, W. (Ed.), 2011. Business Information Systems: 14th International Conference, BIS 2011, Poznań, Poland, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lei, S., Hailang, P., Guo, C., Chengrong, L., 2011. Chinese Chess Recognition Based on Log-Polar Transform and FFT, in: Murgante, B., Gervasi, O., Iglesias, A., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B.O. (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011: International Conference, Santander, Spain, June 20-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part IV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Life Sciences in Space Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Antibody Drug Gives New Life To Chronic Fatigue Sufferers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Commercial Aviation: Despite Industry Turmoil, Low-Cost Airlines Are Growing and Profitable (No. GAO-04-837T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, K.E., 2012. The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2017. Puerto Rico’s Power Agency Defaults Over Debt. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedrick, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hedrick, 2004; Limardo and Worden, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Limardo and Worden, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mitchell et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleLife Sciences in Space Research
AbbreviationLife Sci. Space Res. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2214-5524

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