How to format your references using the Clio Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clio Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Resch, K.J., ‘Physics. Amplifying a Tiny Optical Effect’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, 5864 (2008), 733–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tarlinton, D., and Good-Jacobson, K., ‘Diversity among Memory B Cells: Origin, Consequences, and Utility’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 6151 (2013), 1205–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
Euler, T., Detwiler, P.B., and Denk, W., ‘Directionally Selective Calcium Signals in Dendrites of Starburst Amacrine Cells’, Nature, 418, 6900 (2002), 845–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cheng, H., Yao, N., Huang, Z.-G., Park, J., Do, Y., and Lai, Y.-C., ‘Mesoscopic Interactions and Species Coexistence in Evolutionary Game Dynamics of Cyclic Competitions’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 7486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine, E., and Comet, M., Nanothermites (Hoboken, NJ, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016).
An edited book
G. Bisciotti, and P. Volpi (eds), The Lower Limb Tendinopathies: Etiology, Biology and Treatment, Sports and Traumatology (Cham, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh, P., Bhattacharjee, D., and Nasipuri, M., ‘An Automatic Non-Invasive System for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis’, in Chaki, R., Saeed, K., Choudhury, S., and Chaki, N. (eds), Applied Computation and Security Systems: Volume One, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (New Delhi, New Delhi: Springer India, 2015), 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clio Medica.

Blog post
Luntz, S., ‘Chemical Found In Deep Space Hints At How Life Formed’, IFLScience IFLScience, version published 14 June 2016, https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/chemical-found-in-deep-space-hints-at-how-life-formed/, accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Development of Competition in Local Telephone Markets, RCED-00-38 (Washington, DC, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, D., ‘The EastSide Café: A Liberated Learning Zone’, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., ‘Syracuse and Princeton Survive to Reach Final’, New York Times, 28 May 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference K.J. Resch, ‘Physics. Amplifying a Tiny Optical Effect’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, 5864 (2008), 733–4, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1154149..
This sentence cites two references K.J. Resch, ‘Physics. Amplifying a Tiny Optical Effect’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, 5864 (2008), 733–4, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1154149; D. Tarlinton and K. Good-Jacobson, ‘Diversity among Memory B Cells: Origin, Consequences, and Utility’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 6151 (2013), 1205–11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1241146..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: D. Tarlinton and K. Good-Jacobson, ‘Diversity among Memory B Cells: Origin, Consequences, and Utility’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 6151 (2013), 1205–11.
  • Three authors: T. Euler, P.B. Detwiler, and W. Denk, ‘Directionally Selective Calcium Signals in Dendrites of Starburst Amacrine Cells’, Nature, 418, 6900 (2002), 845–52.
  • 4 or more authors: H. Cheng et al., ‘Mesoscopic Interactions and Species Coexistence in Evolutionary Game Dynamics of Cyclic Competitions’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 7486, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep07486.

About the journal

Full journal titleClio Medica
ISSN (print)0045-7183
Scope

Other styles