How to format your references using the Clio Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clio Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kono, M., ‘Geophysics. Ships’ Logs and Archeomagnetism’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 312, 5775 (2006), 865–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid, G., and Flonta, M.L., ‘Physiology. Cold Current in Thermoreceptive Neurons’, Nature, 413, 6855 (2001), 480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branco, T., Clark, B.A., and Häusser, M., ‘Dendritic Discrimination of Temporal Input Sequences in Cortical Neurons’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 329, 5999 (2010), 1671–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsujimoto, Y., Tassel, C., Hayashi, N., Watanabe, T., Kageyama, H., Yoshimura, K., et al., ‘Infinite-Layer Iron Oxide with a Square-Planar Coordination’, Nature, 450, 7172 (2007), 1062–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A., Extractive Metallurgy 1 (Hoboken, NJ, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013).
An edited book
Wright, S., Pro SharePoint 2010 Governance, Erkes, C. (ed.) (Berkeley, CA, Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
Combescure, M., ‘Semiclassical Results for Ideal Fermion Systems. A Review’, in Janas, J., Kurasov, P., Naboko, S., Laptev, A., and Stolz, G. (eds), Methods of Spectral Analysis in Mathematical Physics: Conference on Operator Theory, Analysis and Mathematical Physics (OTAMP) 2006, Lund, Sweden (Basel, Basel: Birkhäuser, 2009), 69–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clio Medica.

Blog post
Andrew, D., ‘The Five Most Surprising Cosmetic Surgery Trends Across The Globe’, IFLScience IFLScience, version published 12 June 2016,, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercity Passenger Rail: National Policy and Strategies Needed to Maximize Public Benefits from Federal Expenditures, GAO-07-15 (Washington, DC, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patra, P., ‘Image Scaling with Three Different Interpolation Techniques and Their Comparisons’, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., ‘Keeping Outsiders Outside’, New York Times, 28 June 1998.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleClio Medica
ISSN (print)0045-7183

Other styles