How to format your references using the Contact Lens and Anterior Eye citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Shevde N. Stem Cells: Flexible friends. Nature 2012;483:S22-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schwalb NK, Temps F. Base sequence and higher-order structure induce the complex excited-state dynamics in DNA. Science 2008;322:243–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Li X, Roberti R, Blobel G. Structure of an integral membrane sterol reductase from Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum. Nature 2015;517:104–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang L, Vysotsky MO, Bogdan A, Bolte M, Böhmer V. Multiple catenanes derived from calix[4]arenes. Science 2004;304:1312–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Collings S. Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Spink A, Cole C, editors. New Directions in Human Information Behavior. vol. 8. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Adams AE. Relocating the Contributions to Ethnography and Public Anthropology of Antonio Goubaud Carrera (1902–1951), Guatemala’s First Official Indigenist. In: Nash JC, Buechler HC, editors. Ethnographic Collaborations in Latin America: The Effects of Globalization, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 67–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contact Lens and Anterior Eye.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Could Telepathy Exist In Real Life? IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/how-close-are-scientists-making-telepathy-reality/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs Plans To Consolidate Off-Reservation Indian Boarding Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Harris RH. Comparing the Effects of Traditional Face-to-face, Technology-Based, and Blended Instructional Strategies in a Post-Secondary Spanish Language Learning Environment. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. The Luckiest Man on Earth. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContact Lens and Anterior Eye
AbbreviationCont. Lens Anterior Eye
ISSN (print)1367-0484
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology
Optometry

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