How to format your references using the Contact Lens and Anterior Eye citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Zaanen J. High-temperature superconductivity: electron mirages in an iron salt. Nature 2014;515:205–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mehta RS, Wainwright PC. Raptorial jaws in the throat help moray eels swallow large prey. Nature 2007;449:79–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kolodner RD, Putnam CD, Myung K. Maintenance of genome stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Science 2002;297:552–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kangas AT, Evans AR, Thesleff I, Jernvall J. Nonindependence of mammalian dental characters. Nature 2004;432:211–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dos Santos EC Jr, Cabral da Silva ER. ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Condon A, Harel D, Kok JN, Salomaa A, Winfree E, editors. Algorithmic Bioprocesses. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
LeBlanc M-A, Pickett J. Advocating for Rectal Microbicides and Safe Lubricants. In: Eaton LA, Kalichman SC, editors. Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contact Lens and Anterior Eye.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. New Initiative To Save 50 Coral Reefs From Extinction. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/new-initiative-to-save-50-coral-reefs-from-extinction/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Highway System: Refinements Would Strengthen the System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Puhr RA. Evolution of the Sparse inflorescence1 lineage in grasses. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Eleanor’s Encouragement. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContact Lens and Anterior Eye
AbbreviationCont. Lens Anterior Eye
ISSN (print)1367-0484
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology
Optometry

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