How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannon, Bill. 2014. “Microbiology: Resistance Fighters.” Nature 509 (7498): S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shanahan, Martin E. R., and Khellil Sefiane. 2014. “Recalcitrant Bubbles.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4727.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murthy, V. Rama, Wim van Westrenen, and Yingwei Fei. 2003. “Experimental Evidence That Potassium Is a Substantial Radioactive Heat Source in Planetary Cores.” Nature 423 (6936): 163–165.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mandal, Saptarshi, Ammaarah El-Amin, Kaitlyn Alexander, Bipin Rajendran, and Rashmi Jha. 2014. “Novel Synaptic Memory Device for Neuromorphic Computing.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5333.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin, Patrice. 2014. Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peleg, David, ed. 2011. Distributed Computing: 25th International Symposium, DISC 2011, Rome, Italy, September 20-22, 2011. Proceedings. Vol. 6950. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mobilio, Settimio. 2015. “Introduction to Matter Radiation Interaction.” In Synchrotron Radiation: Basics, Methods and Applications, edited by Settimio Mobilio, Federico Boscherini, and Carlo Meneghini, 107–143. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Rings Discovered Around an Asteroid for the First Time.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 9. 134157. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, Angela Powers. 2013. “The Leadership Potential of School Librarians.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2016. “Seven More Call-Ups, Four Homers and a Victory.” New York Times, September 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannon 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cannon 2014; Cannon 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shanahan and Sefiane 2014)
  • Three authors: (Murthy, van Westrenen, and Fei 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mandal et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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