How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffman, Jennifer E. 2010. “Physics. Sign Flips and Spin Fluctuations in Iron High-Tc Superconductors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5977): 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scolnick, D. M., and T. D. Halazonetis. 2000. “Chfr Defines a Mitotic Stress Checkpoint That Delays Entry into Metaphase.” Nature 406 (6794): 430–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laporte, S. A., R. H. Oakley, and M. G. Caron. 2001. “Signal Transduction. Bringing Channels Closer to the Action!” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5527): 62–63.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Anandakrishnan, Sridhar, Ginny A. Catania, Richard B. Alley, and Huw J. Horgan. 2007. “Discovery of till Deposition at the Grounding Line of Whillans Ice Stream.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5820): 1835–1838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman, Edward. 2017. Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Toi, Masakazu, Eric Winer, John Benson, and Suzanne Klimberg, eds. 2016. Personalized Treatment of Breast Cancer. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Vieten, Ulrike M. 2014. “‘When I Land in Islamabad I Feel Home and When I Land in Heathrow I Feel Home.’” In Migration, Diaspora and Identity: Cross-National Experiences, edited by Georgina Tsolidis, 51–74. International Perspectives on Migration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2015. “Nike Will Release Self-Lacing ‘Back To The Future’ Shoes For 2016.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Federal Support for Developing Language and Literacy. GAO-11-357. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella, Carol A. 2008. “Computer -Based Instruction and Remedial Mathematics: A Study of Student Retention at a Florida Community College.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Link, Kelly. 2015. “Subversive Pleasure.” New York Times, May 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoffman 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hoffman 2010; Scolnick and Halazonetis 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scolnick and Halazonetis 2000)
  • Three authors: (Laporte, Oakley, and Caron 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Anandakrishnan et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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