How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, Brian. 2005. “Astronomy. The Link between Supernovae and Gamma Ray Bursts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5726): 1265–1266.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pallen, Mark J., and Brendan W. Wren. 2007. “Bacterial Pathogenomics.” Nature 449 (7164): 835–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoh, Norifusa, Toshio Nakashima, and Kimihisa Yamamoto. 2013. “Metastability of Anatase: Size Dependent and Irreversible Anatase-Rutile Phase Transition in Atomic-Level Precise Titania.” Scientific Reports 3: 1959.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Minna, John D., Adi F. Gazdar, Stephen R. Sprang, and Joachim Herz. 2004. “Cancer. A Bull’s Eye for Targeted Lung Cancer Therapy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5676): 1458–1461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini, Michele, and Stefano Toffanin. 2016. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Witelski, Thomas. 2015. Methods of Mathematical Modelling: Continuous Systems and Differential Equations. Edited by Mark Bowen. 1st ed. 2015. Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hessayon, Ariel. 2016. “Lead’s Life and Times (Part Three): The Philadelphian Society.” In Jane Lead and Her Transnational Legacy, edited by Ariel Hessayon, 71–90. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Sleep In To Stay Healthy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart. B-203515. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, Kevin. 2010. “Manifesting Archetypal Energy through Music.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Feeling Free of All Ties.” New York Times, April 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmidt 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Schmidt 2005; Pallen and Wren 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pallen and Wren 2007)
  • Three authors: (Satoh, Nakashima, and Yamamoto 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Minna et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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