How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herculano-Houzel, Suzana. 2013. “Neuroscience. Sleep It Out.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6156): 316–317.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mehta, Rita S., and Peter C. Wainwright. 2007. “Raptorial Jaws in the Throat Help Moray Eels Swallow Large Prey.” Nature 449 (7158): 79–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buckley, Stephen A., Katherine A. Clark, and Richard P. Evershed. 2004. “Complex Organic Chemical Balms of Pharaonic Animal Mummies.” Nature 431 (7006): 294–299.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Naruse, Makoto, Takeharu Tani, Hideki Yasuda, Naoya Tate, Motoichi Ohtsu, and Masayuki Naya. 2014. “Randomness in Highly Reflective Silver Nanoparticles and Their Localized Optical Fields.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, C. T., Y. M. Hwang, Liwei Lin, and Ying-Chung Chen. 2014. Design and Fabrication of Self-Powered Micro-Harvesters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Nguyen, Cam. 2016. Stepped-Frequency Radar Sensors: Theory, Analysis and Design. Edited by Joongsuk Park. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bittles, Alan H., and Hanan A. Hamamy. 2010. “Endogamy and Consanguineous Marriage in Arab Populations.” In Genetic Disorders Among Arab Populations, edited by Ahmad S. Teebi, 85–108. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The Massive Waste Happening In Mosquito-Borne Disease Research.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Management Agenda for the Presidential and Congressional Transition: Develop and Manage Information Technology to Meet the Government’s Needs. D15086. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cai, Shaobiao. 2008. “3D Numerical Modeling of Dry/Wet Contact Mechanics for Rough, Multilayered Elastic-Plastic Solid Surfaces and Effects of Hydrophilicity/Hydrophobicity During Separation with Applications.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Court Limits Protection Against Improper Entry.” New York Times, June 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herculano-Houzel 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Herculano-Houzel 2013; Mehta and Wainwright 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mehta and Wainwright 2007)
  • Three authors: (Buckley, Clark, and Evershed 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Naruse et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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