How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pulverer, Bernd. 2010. “Transparency Showcases Strength of Peer Review.” Nature 468 (7320): 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe, Candy, and Susan D. Healy. 2011. “Evolution. Is Bigger Always Better?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6043): 708–709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zarrinpar, Ali, Sang-Hyun Park, and Wendell A. Lim. 2003. “Optimization of Specificity in a Cellular Protein Interaction Network by Negative Selection.” Nature 426 (6967): 676–680.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Foster, Mark A., Amy C. Turner, Jay E. Sharping, Bradley S. Schmidt, Michal Lipson, and Alexander L. Gaeta. 2006. “Broad-Band Optical Parametric Gain on a Silicon Photonic Chip.” Nature 441 (7096): 960–963.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fredriksson, Hasse, and Ulla Åkerlind. 2012. Solidification and Crystallization Processing in Metals and Alloys. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eriksson Lundström, Jenny S. Z., Mikael Wiberg, Stefan Hrastinski, Mats Edenius, and Pär J. Ågerfalk, eds. 2013. Managing Open Innovation Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanawa, Takao. 2015. “Biofunctionalization of Metallic Materials: Creation of Biosis–Abiosis Intelligent Interface.” In Interface Oral Health Science 2014: Innovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface, edited by Keiichi Sasaki, Osamu Suzuki, and Nobuhiro Takahashi, 53–64. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Soft, Transparent Eggshell Gives Unprecedented Look At Embryonic Development.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Nanomanufacturing and U.S. Competitiveness: Challenges and Opportunities. GAO-14-618T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bermudez, Diana. 2008. “The Effects of Hispanic Parent-Adolescent Biculturalism Disparity on Male Adolescent Delinquency.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2017. “Protests Start a Dialogue, But About What, Exactly?” New York Times, September 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pulverer 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Pulverer 2010; Rowe and Healy 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowe and Healy 2011)
  • Three authors: (Zarrinpar, Park, and Lim 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Foster et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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