How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heeney, Jonathan L. 2015. “Ebola: Hidden Reservoirs.” Nature 527 (7579): 453–455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gervais, Will M., and Ara Norenzayan. 2012. “Analytic Thinking Promotes Religious Disbelief.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6080): 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Werfel, Justin, Kirstin Petersen, and Radhika Nagpal. 2014. “Designing Collective Behavior in a Termite-Inspired Robot Construction Team.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6172): 754–758.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Goshima, Gohta, Roy Wollman, Sarah S. Goodwin, Nan Zhang, Jonathan M. Scholey, Ronald D. Vale, and Nico Stuurman. 2007. “Genes Required for Mitotic Spindle Assembly in Drosophila S2 Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5823): 417–421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara, Olimpo, David Campos-Gaona, Edgar Moreno-Goytia, and Grain Adam. 2014. Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ahmed, Iftikhar, and Zhizhang (david) Chen, eds. 2015. Computational Electromagnetics—Retrospective and Outlook: In Honor of Wolfgang J.R. Hoefer. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiao, Ying Ann, Edward Lakatta, Zoltan Ungvari, Dao-Fu Dai, and Peter Rabinovitch. 2016. “Cardiovascular Disease and Aging.” In Advances in Geroscience, edited by Felipe Sierra and Ronald Kohanski, 121–160. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Ancient Arctic DNA Suggests That Dogs And Wolves Split 40,000 Years Ago.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Assistance Provided for the Construction of Higher Education Academic Facilities. 100131. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson, Christina L. 2012. “Hispanic Female Undergraduates Perception of Nursing as a Career Choice: A Phenomenological Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, Elizabeth A., and Katharine Q. Seelye. 2017. “Choate Rosemary Hall, a Very Private School, Publicly Catalogs Its Sins.” New York Times, April 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heeney 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Heeney 2015; Gervais and Norenzayan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gervais and Norenzayan 2012)
  • Three authors: (Werfel, Petersen, and Nagpal 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Goshima et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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