How to format your references using the Journal of Education for Teaching citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education for Teaching. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Archer, David. 2003. “Ocean Science. Who Threw That Snowball?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5646): 791–792.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andrew, P., and W. L. Barnes. 2004. “Energy Transfer across a Metal Film Mediated by Surface Plasmon Polaritons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5698): 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heinsohn, Robert, Sarah Legge, and John A. Endler. 2005. “Extreme Reversed Sexual Dichromatism in a Bird without Sex Role Reversal.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5734): 617–619.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Makarov, Evgeny M., Olga V. Makarova, Henning Urlaub, Marc Gentzel, Cindy L. Will, Matthias Wilm, and Reinhard Lührmann. 2002. “Small Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Remodeling during Catalytic Activation of the Spliceosome.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5601): 2205–2208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2013. Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oya, Makoto, Ryuya Uda, and Chizuko Yasunobu, eds. 2008. Towards Sustainable Society on Ubiquitous Networks: The 8th IFIP Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E 2008), September 24–16, 2008, Tokyo, Japan. Vol. 286. IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, Wei-Chang, and Erin Finehout. 2009. “Microfluidic Systems for Protein Separations.” In Microfluidics for Biological Applications, edited by Erin Finehout and Wei-Cheng Tian, 165–184. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education for Teaching.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “These Extraordinary Wind Turbines Could Power Japan For Half A Century Using Just One Typhoon.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. HUD-Assisted Renters. RCED-95-167R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caldretti, Melissa. 2017. “Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, Anemona. 2017. “Celebrations Of Diversity Ln Distinct Ceremonies.” New York Times, June 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Archer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Archer 2003; Andrew and Barnes 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andrew and Barnes 2004)
  • Three authors: (Heinsohn, Legge, and Endler 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Makarov et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education for Teaching
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Teach.
ISSN (print)0260-7476
ISSN (online)1360-0540

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