How to format your references using the Library and Information Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library and Information Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, T. E. (2013). Cell biology. Rapid aging rescue? Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6138), 1299–1300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wulf, W. A., & Jones, A. K. (2009). Computer science. Reflections on cybersecurity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5955), 943–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, M. D., Vickery, P. J., & Reinhold, T. A. (2003). Reduced drag coefficient for high wind speeds in tropical cyclones. Nature, 422(6929), 279–283.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Haxby, J. V., Gobbini, M. I., Furey, M. L., Ishai, A., Schouten, J. L., & Pietrini, P. (2001). Distributed and overlapping representations of faces and objects in ventral temporal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2425–2430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoppert, M. (2005). Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
An, S. (2014). Wetland Restoration: Shanghai Dalian Lake Project. (L. Wang, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bueno, O. (2011). Structural Empiricism, Again. In A. Bokulich & P. Bokulich (Eds.), Scientific Structuralism (pp. 81–103). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library and Information Science Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 22). Mature Nerve Cells Made from Skin Cells. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands (No. GAO-10-32). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayhan, M. S. (2015). A Probabilistic Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, G. (2015, January 21). Obama’s Bad Economic Ideas. New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2013; Wulf & Jones, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wulf & Jones, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Powell, Vickery, & Reinhold, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Haxby et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary and Information Science Research
AbbreviationLibr. Inf. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0740-8188
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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