How to format your references using the Library and Information Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library and Information Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hails, R. S. (2002). Assessing the risks associated with new agricultural practices. Nature, 418(6898), 685–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, I., & Rose, N. (2009). Biomarkers in psychiatry. Nature, 460(7252), 202–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyes, N., Ginter, C., & Boudker, O. (2009). Transport mechanism of a bacterial homologue of glutamate transporters. Nature, 462(7275), 880–885.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cohen-Armon, M., Visochek, L., Katzoff, A., Levitan, D., Susswein, A. J., Klein, R., Valbrun, M., & Schwartz, J. H. (2004). Long-term memory requires polyADP-ribosylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1820–1822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., & Hamid, A. (2015). Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Martin, G., & Müller, W. (Eds.). (2005). UML for SOC Design. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Parmar, S. S. (2016). Maritime Security and Order at Sea in the Indian Ocean Region. In J. I. Bekkevold & G. Till (Eds.), International Order at Sea: How it is challenged. How it is maintained (pp. 93–113). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library and Information Science Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 26). Fossils From Unknown Species Of Human Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Billions in First 5 Years With Proper Implementation (HRD-93-27). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, A. (2013). An understanding of the first-generation community college student: A strengths and assets approach [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shinn, I. E. (1949, February 20). TIE-IN. New York Times, MagazineSM2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hails, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hails, 2002; Singh & Rose, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh & Rose, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Reyes et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cohen-Armon et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary and Information Science Research
AbbreviationLibr. Inf. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0740-8188
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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