How to format your references using the Library and Information Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Library and Information Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun, D. M. (2012). Plant science. SWEET! The pathway is complete. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6065), 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zampieri, N., & Chao, M. V. (2004). Structural biology. The p75 NGF receptor exposed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672), 833–834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shembade, N., Ma, A., & Harhaj, E. W. (2010). Inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling by A20 through disruption of ubiquitin enzyme complexes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5969), 1135–1139.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, Y., Yang, L., Ren, F., & An, K. (2014). Visualizing the structural evolution of LSM/xYSZ composite cathodes for SOFC by in-situ neutron diffraction. Scientific Reports, 4, 5179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson, E. F. G. (2012). Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alpini, D. C., Brugnoni, G., & Cesarani, A. (Eds.). (2014). Whiplash Injuries: Diagnosis and Treatment (2nd ed. 2014). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, D., & Terlaky, T. (2013). The Duality Between the Perceptron Algorithm and the von Neumann Algorithm. In L. F. Zuluaga & T. Terlaky (Eds.), Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: Selected Contributions from the MOPTA 2012 Conference (pp. 113–136). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Library and Information Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). Africa Is Within Reach Of Being Declared A Polio Free Region.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Commercial Aviation: Air Service Trends At Small Communities Since October 2000 (No. GAO-02-432). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mande, M. (2017). Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, April 30). Typically Chummy Ritual Offers Moment of Catharsis. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Braun, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Braun, 2012; Zampieri & Chao, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zampieri & Chao, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Shembade, Ma, & Harhaj, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen, Yang, Ren, & An, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLibrary and Information Science Research
AbbreviationLibr. Inf. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0740-8188
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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