How to format your references using the Leukemia Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. Foster, 2020 computing: a two-way street to science’s future, Nature. 440 (2006) 419.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.P. Teague, R. Weiss, SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Synthetic communities, the sum of parts, Science. 349 (2015) 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Cui, M. Tang, Z.-X. Wu, Message spreading in networks with stickiness and persistence: large clustering does not always facilitate large-scale diffusion, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6303.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Siegert, G. Ruecker, A. Hinrichs, A.A. Hoffmann, Increased damage from fires in logged forests during droughts caused by El Niño, Nature. 414 (2001) 437–440.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. McPhee, A Companion to the French Revolution, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, 2012.
An edited book
J.L. Mehta, N.S. Dhalla, eds., Biochemical Basis and Therapeutic Implications of Angiogenesis, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Papa, V. Petruzzella, S. Scacco, 1.5 Electron Transport. Structure, Redox-Coupled Protonmotive Activity, and Pathological Disorders of Respiratory Chain Complexes, in: A. Lajtha, G.E. Gibson, G.A. Dienel (Eds.), Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Brain Energetics. Integration of Molecular and Cellular Processes, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007: pp. 93–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Research.

Blog post
J. Davis, New Blood Test Could Predict Ovarian Cancer Risk, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Discontinuance of Social Security Student Benefits, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.J. Courtney, A Sea of Voices: An Alchemical Journey Through Dissociation, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, M.M. Grynbaum, S. Maheshwari, Fox Pitches Sports to Advertisers, but Specter of Its News Scandal Lingers, New York Times. (2017) B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Research
AbbreviationLeuk. Res.
ISSN (print)0145-2126
ScopeCancer Research

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