How to format your references using the Leukemia Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Ladegaard Skov, Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler, Nature. 517 (2015) 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Ding, P.D. Schloss, Dynamics and associations of microbial community types across the human body, Nature. 509 (2014) 357–360.
A journal article with 3 authors
F.C. Santos, M.D. Santos, J.M. Pacheco, Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games, Nature. 454 (2008) 213–216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Huang, L. Ji, Q. Huang, D.G. Vassylyev, X. Chen, J.-B. Ma, Structural insights into mechanisms of the small RNA methyltransferase HEN1, Nature. 461 (2009) 823–827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.B. Aubrey, The Profitable Hobby Farm, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
D. Sannella, Foundations of Algebraic Specification and Formal Software Development, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Chi, C. Hong, M. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Privacy-Enhancing Range Query Processing over Encrypted Cloud Databases, in: J. Wang, W. Cellary, D. Wang, H. Wang, S.-C. Chen, T. Li, Y. Zhang (Eds.), Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2015: 16th International Conference, Miami, FL, USA, November 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Our ‘Rosetta Stone’ Gene Could Unlock The Secrets Of Schizophrenia, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: HUD Needs to Better Define Commitments and Disclose Risks for Modernization Projects in Future Expenditure Plans, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Skinner, Enamel -dentine junction morphology of extant hominoid and fossil hominin lower molars, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Review: ‘Danny Says,’ a Paean to a Rock Gadfly and Tastemaker, New York Times. (2016) C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Research
AbbreviationLeuk. Res.
ISSN (print)0145-2126
ScopeCancer Research

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