How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baillie JK (2014) Translational genomics. Targeting the host immune response to fight infection. Science 344:807–808
A journal article with 2 authors
Reineke S, Baldo MA (2014) Room temperature triplet state spectroscopy of organic semiconductors. Sci Rep 4:3797
A journal article with 3 authors
Pham TCT, Kim HS, Yoon KB (2011) Growth of uniformly oriented silica MFI and BEA zeolite films on substrates. Science 334:1533–1538
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chao H-T, Chen H, Samaco RC, et al (2010) Dysfunction in GABA signalling mediates autism-like stereotypies and Rett syndrome phenotypes. Nature 468:263–269

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Budisa N (2005) Engineering the Genetic Code. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Bruno I, Jany-Catrice F, Touchelay B (eds) (2016) The Social Sciences of Quantification: From Politics of Large Numbers to Target-Driven Policies. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Howard AM, Remy S, Hyuk Park C, et al (2009) Intelligent Robotics for Assistive Healthcare and Therapy. In: Sukhatme G (ed) The Path to Autonomous Robots: Essays in Honor of George A. Bekey. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 1–17

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) So Your Teenager Is Vaping E-Cigarettes – Should You Worry? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu H (2009) Parasitism of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae: Termitidae) by entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae: Heterorhabditidae). Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Rooting On Home Team, and Voting on Its G.M. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baillie 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Reineke and Baldo 2014; Baillie 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reineke and Baldo 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chao et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

Other styles