How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doumbo OK (2005) Global voices of science. It takes a village: medical research and ethics in Mali. Science 307:679–681
A journal article with 2 authors
Butko VY, Adams PW (2001) Quantum metallicity in a two-dimensional insulator. Nature 409:161–164
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehrsson HH, Spence C, Passingham RE (2004) That’s my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb. Science 305:875–877
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bycroft C, Freeman C, Petkova D, et al (2018) The UK Biobank resource with deep phenotyping and genomic data. Nature 562:203–209

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Archer RD (2002) Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Hamilton ML (2009) Self-study of Practice as a Genre of Qualitative Research: Theory, Methodology, and Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lebaron F (2005) Pierre Bourdieu: Economic models against economism. In: Swartz DL, Zolberg VL (eds) After Bourdieu: Influence, Critique, Elaboration. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 87–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Atmospheric CO2 Levels Likely To Break Historic Threshold In 2016. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Information Technology Reform: Billions of Dollars in Savings Have Been Realized, but Agencies Need to Complete Reinvestment Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klochko K (2009) An empirical re-evaluation of the boron isotope/pH proxy in marine carbonates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) Adaptive Sports Stoke the Competitive Spirit. New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doumbo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Butko and Adams 2001; Doumbo 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butko and Adams 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bycroft et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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