How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sethna JP (2007) Materials science. Crackling wires. Science 318:207–208
A journal article with 2 authors
Valbuzzi A, Yanofsky C (2001) Inhibition of the B. subtilis regulatory protein TRAP by the TRAP-inhibitory protein, AT. Science 293:2057–2059
A journal article with 3 authors
Izumikawa T, Sato B, Kitagawa H (2014) Chondroitin sulfate is indispensable for pluripotency and differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells. Sci Rep 4:3701
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhou P, She Y, Dong N, et al (2018) Alpha-kinase 1 is a cytosolic innate immune receptor for bacterial ADP-heptose. Nature 561:122–126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas J, Noy EA (2010) Building Surveys and Reports. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Kruglikov B, Lychagin V, Straume E (eds) (2009) Differential Equations - Geometry, Symmetries and Integrability: The Abel Symposium 2008. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tomascak PB, Magna T, Dohmen R (2016) Li Partitioning, Diffusion and Associated Isotopic Fractionation: Theoretical and Experimental Insights. In: Magna T, Dohmen R (eds) Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Strap Cameras On Squid To Observe Their Flashy Behavior. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Truck Safety: Effectiveness of Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Data Problems and Slow Progress on Implementing Safety Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clyde KM (2012) Instructors’ Perceptions of the National Association of Schools of Music Influence on the Development of Undergraduate Applied Percussion Curricula. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly MA (2003) BUSINESS TRAVEL: ON THE GROUND -- Paris; A City of Good Food, Fashion and Corporate Drama. New York Times C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sethna 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Valbuzzi and Yanofsky 2001; Sethna 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Valbuzzi and Yanofsky 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

Other styles