How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lamb S (2001) Walking with producers. Nature 412:277
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo J, Guo A (2005) Crossmodal interactions between olfactory and visual learning in Drosophila. Science 309:307–310
A journal article with 3 authors
Solter LF, Kyei-Poku GK, Johny S (2013) Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science 341:1342
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Janssen EM, Droin NM, Lemmens EE, et al (2005) CD4+ T-cell help controls CD8+ T-cell memory via TRAIL-mediated activation-induced cell death. Nature 434:88–93

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCormick K, Salcedo J (2017) SPSS reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
Dalang RC, Russo F, Dozzi M (eds) (2008) Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications V: Centro Stefano Franscini, Ascona, May 2005. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Tytgat D, Lievens S, Six E (2013) A Prior-Based Approach to 3D Face Reconstruction Using Depth Images. In: Jiang X, Bellon ORP, Goldgof D, Oishi T (eds) Advances in Depth Image Analysis and Applications: International Workshop, WDIA 2012, Tsukuba, Japan, November 11, 2012, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 32–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) GM Tomatoes Contain 50 Red Wine Bottles’ Worth Of Resveratrol. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Month In Review, August 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis TL (2010) Quantitative approach to technical performance measurement and technical risk analysis utilizing Bayesian methods and Monte Carlo simulation. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) When Goodell Learned That Life Is No Game. New York Times SP5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lamb 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lamb 2001; Guo and Guo 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guo and Guo 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Janssen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

Other styles