How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman P (2010) Physics. The lowdown on heavy fermions. Science 327:969–970
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephens BB, Keeling RF (2000) The influence of Antarctic sea ice on glacial-interglacial CO2 variations. Nature 404:171–174
A journal article with 3 authors
Nilewski C, Geisser RW, Carreira EM (2009) Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature 457:573–576
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lahdenperä M, Lummaa V, Helle S, et al (2004) Fitness benefits of prolonged post-reproductive lifespan in women. Nature 428:178–181

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Featherstone H, Holt E (2011) Small Animal Ophthalmology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Frøland HO, Ingulstad M, Scherner J (eds) (2016) Industrial Collaboration in Nazi-Occupied Europe: Norway in Context. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Coopersmith CM, Buchman TG (2007) The Perioperative Management of the Acute Care Surgical Patient. In: Britt LD, Trunkey DD, Feliciano DV (eds) Acute Care Surgery: Principles and Practice. Springer, New York, NY, pp 67–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) City Lizards Evolved Stickier Feet, Longer Legs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Limited English Proficiency: A Growing and Costly Educational Challenge Facing Many School Districts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merritt KM (2017) Predicting the Success of Running Back Prospects in the National Football League. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Streaming Services Struggle to Root Out Music That Incites Hatred. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Stephens and Keeling 2000; Coleman 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephens and Keeling 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lahdenperä et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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