How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christianson DW (2007) Chemistry. Roots of biosynthetic diversity. Science 316:60–61
A journal article with 2 authors
Wes PD, Bargmann CI (2001) C. elegans odour discrimination requires asymmetric diversity in olfactory neurons. Nature 410:698–701
A journal article with 3 authors
Bix M, Kim S, Rao A (2005) Immunology. Opposites attract in differentiating T cells. Science 308:1563–1565
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sehorn MG, Sigurdsson S, Bussen W, et al (2004) Human meiotic recombinase Dmc1 promotes ATP-dependent homologous DNA strand exchange. Nature 429:433–437

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morgan A (2009) Eating the Big Fish. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Garcia E (2015) Regulated Open Multi-Agent Systems (ROMAS): A Multi-Agent Approach for Designing Normative Open Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kołodziej J, Khan SU, Wang L, et al (2013) Energy and Security Awareness in Evolutionary-Driven Grid Scheduling. In: Khan SU, Kołodziej J, Li J, Zomaya AY (eds) Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 95–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Humans Can Solve This Chess Puzzle, But A Supercomputer Can’t. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Raines JR (2010) Exploring differences in teacher attitudes and instructional strategies between traditional and block schedule high schools: A comparison of two large schools. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) Living the Bike Life. New York Times MB7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christianson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Wes and Bargmann 2001; Christianson 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wes and Bargmann 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sehorn et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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