How to format your references using the Journal of Pest Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pest Science (J Pest Sci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J (2000) ECOLOGY: When Do Many Species Matter? Science 289:1283
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldblatt C, Zahnle KJ (2011) Faint young Sun paradox remains. Nature 474:E3-4; discussion E4-5
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinks DG, Claus H, Jorgensen JD (2001) The complex nature of superconductivity in MgB2 as revealed by the reduced total isotope effect. Nature 411:457–460
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wong KL, Pawin G, Kwon K-Y, et al (2007) A molecule carrier. Science 315:1391–1393

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen S, Huang P (2017) Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore
An edited book
Meinhardt F, Klassen R (eds) (2007) Microbial Linear Plasmids. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Valdez TA, Osborn AJ (2009) Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections of the Head and Neck in Children. In: Pereira KD, Mitchell RB (eds) Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 29–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pest Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Does Publication Bias Make Antidepressants Seem More Effective At Treating Anxiety Than They Really Are? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Nonfederal Student Loans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dang H (2010) The cummulative incidence estimate versus the Kaplan Meier method in medical research. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jarvis 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Church 2007; Pain 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldblatt and Zahnle 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Sala et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pest Science
AbbreviationJ. Pest Sci. (2004)
ISSN (print)1612-4758
ISSN (online)1612-4766
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

Other styles