How to format your references using the Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brookfield JF (2001). Predicting the future. Nature 411: 999.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson RI, Nicoll RA (2001). Endogenous cannabinoids mediate retrograde signalling at hippocampal synapses. Nature 410: 588–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Motose H, Sugiyama M, Fukuda H (2004). A proteoglycan mediates inductive interaction during plant vascular development. Nature 429: 873–878.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Saito F, Hirayasu K, Satoh T, Wang CW, Lusingu J, Arimori T, et al. (2017). Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors. Nature 552: 101–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Greiman VA (2013). Megaproject Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Deer TR, Leong MS, Gordin V (Eds.) (2015). Treatment of Chronic Pain by Medical Approaches: the AMERICAN ACADEMY of PAIN MEDICINE Textbook on Patient Management. Springer: New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Pattillo J, Youssef N, Butenko S (2012). Clique Relaxation Models in Social Network Analysis. In: Thai MT, Pardalos PM (eds) Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication and Social Networks, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer: New York, NY, pp 143–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heredity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015). List Of Habitable Planets Could Increase Thanks To New Magnetic Field Generation Model. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Immigration and Naturalization Service Proposed Procurement of Automated Data Processing Equipment To Streamline and Update Office Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voss J (2013). Supported housing program for severely mentally ill homeless individuals: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2015). Judge Rejects Plan to Alter City Pensions in Chicago. New York Times: A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brookfield, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson and Nicoll, 2001; Brookfield, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Nicoll, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Saito et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleHeredity
AbbreviationHeredity (Edinb.)
ISSN (print)0018-067X
ISSN (online)1365-2540

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