How to format your references using the Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty M (2013). Sociology. A theory of city size. Science 340: 1418–1419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Platt ML, Adams GK (2012). Psychology. Monkey see, monkey read. Science 336: 168–169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sturm M, Racine C, Tape K (2001). Climate change. Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic. Nature 411: 546–547.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fotin A, Cheng Y, Grigorieff N, Walz T, Harrison SC, Kirchhausen T (2004). Structure of an auxilin-bound clathrin coat and its implications for the mechanism of uncoating. Nature 432: 649–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays DH (2011). A New History of Christianity in China. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Peterson DL, Vose JM, Patel-Weynand T (Eds.) (2014). Climate Change and United States Forests. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller MR (2016). E-Racing Identity? Black Bodies On and Off the Technological (Chopping) Block. In: Pinn AB (ed) Humanism and Technology: Opportunities and Challenges, Springer International Publishing: Cham, pp 55–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heredity.

Blog post
Davis J (2015). Voluntary Agreement From Cattle Industry Fights Deforestation. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). ADP Acquisitions: Immigration and Naturalization Service Should Terminate Its Contract and Recompete. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargas AR (2010). Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2010). Museo Drive. New York Times: M256.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Platt and Adams, 2012; Batty, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Platt and Adams, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Fotin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHeredity
AbbreviationHeredity (Edinb.)
ISSN (print)0018-067X
ISSN (online)1365-2540

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