How to format your references using the Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ottino JM (2004). Engineering complex systems. Nature 427: 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien SJ, Murphy WJ (2003). Genomics. A dog’s breakfast? Science 301: 1854–1855.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harding EJ, Paul ES, Mendl M (2004). Animal behaviour: cognitive bias and affective state. Nature 427: 312.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Losev E, Reinke CA, Jellen J, Strongin DE, Bevis BJ, Glick BS (2006). Golgi maturation visualized in living yeast. Nature 441: 1002–1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morton A, Mengersen K, Whitby M, Playford G (2013). Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ohno S, Ohno N, Terada N (Eds.) (2016). In Vivo Cryotechnique in Biomedical Research and Application for Bioimaging of Living Animal Organs, 1st ed. 2016. Springer Japan: Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Hernesniemi J, Ishii K, Niemelä M, Smrcka M, Kivipelto L, Fujiki M, et al. (2005). Lateral supraorbital approach as an alternative to the classical pterional approach. In: Yonekawa Y, Keller E, Sakurai Y, Tsukahara T (eds) New Trends of Surgery for Stroke and its Perioperative Management, Acta Neurochirurgica Supplements. Springer: Vienna, pp 17–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heredity.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015). Is It OK To Chew Or Crush Your Medicine? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Social Security Administration: Technology Modernization Needs Improved Planning and Performance Measures. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams AW (2013). Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM (2013). Former Mayor of Detroit Guilty in Corruption Case. New York Times: A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ottino, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (O’Brien and Murphy, 2003; Ottino, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Murphy, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Losev et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHeredity
AbbreviationHeredity (Edinb.)
ISSN (print)0018-067X
ISSN (online)1365-2540

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