How to format your references using the Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight D (2007). Kinds of minds. Nature 447: 149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brochier C, Philippe H (2002). Phylogeny: a non-hyperthermophilic ancestor for bacteria. Nature 417: 244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrand Y, Crump MP, Davis AP (2007). A synthetic lectin analog for biomimetic disaccharide recognition. Science 318: 619–622.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hock H, Hamblen MJ, Rooke HM, Schindler JW, Saleque S, Fujiwara Y, et al. (2004). Gfi-1 restricts proliferation and preserves functional integrity of haematopoietic stem cells. Nature 431: 1002–1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pesavento L, Smoleny S (2015). A Trader’s Guide to Financial Astrology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hermann M (2016). Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations: Analytical Approximation and Numerical Methods (M Saravi, Ed.). Springer India: New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Gabbay DM, Schlechta K (2011). Monotone and Antitone Semantic and Syntactic Interpolation. In: Schlechta K (ed) Conditionals and Modularity in General Logics, Cognitive Technologies. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 113–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heredity.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014). Scientists Make Transparent Mice To Study Cellular Connections. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Federal Aviation Administration: Reauthorization Provides Opportunities to Address Key Agency Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ciolek R (2017). A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007). After Celebrating Winning Bid, Russia Has Work Ahead. New York Times: D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brochier and Philippe, 2002; Knight, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brochier and Philippe, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hock et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHeredity
AbbreviationHeredity (Edinb.)
ISSN (print)0018-067X
ISSN (online)1365-2540

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