How to format your references using the Heredity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heredity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M (2010). Introduction: Curiosity aroused. Nature 467: S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu Y, Daum PH (2002). Anthropogenic aerosols. Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing. Nature 419: 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gertz J, Siggia ED, Cohen BA (2009). Analysis of combinatorial cis-regulation in synthetic and genomic promoters. Nature 457: 215–218.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Revnivtsev M, Sazonov S, Churazov E, Forman W, Vikhlinin A, Sunyaev R (2009). Discrete sources as the origin of the Galactic X-ray ridge emission. Nature 458: 1142–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc. (2013). Family Enterprise. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Eugster P (Ed.) (2009). Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2008 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2008 Workshops Paphos, Cyprus, July 7-11, 2008 Final Reports. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li Q, Abel M-H, Barthès J-PA (2014). Facilitating Collaboration and Information Retrieval: Collaborative Traces Based SWOT Analysis and Implications. In: Lai C, Giuliani A, Semeraro G (eds) Distributed Systems and Applications of Information Filtering and Retrieval: DART 2012: Revised and Invited Papers, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heredity.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017). How We Discovered That A Common Antibiotic May Be Able To Treat Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Charter Schools: Limited Access to Facility Financing. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cayo P (2017). A Shifting Bottleneck Procedure with Multiple Objectives in a Complex Manufacturing Environment. Doctoral dissertation Thesis, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006). Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Daum, 2002; Grayson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Daum, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Revnivtsev et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHeredity
AbbreviationHeredity (Edinb.)
ISSN (print)0018-067X
ISSN (online)1365-2540

Other styles