How to format your references using the Econometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowack, B. (2010): “Chemistry. Nanosilver revisited downstream,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, 1054–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Namouni, F., and C. Porco. (2002): “The confinement of Neptune’s ring arcs by the moon Galatea,” Nature, 417, 45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bierhaus, E. B., C. R. Chapman, and W. J. Merline. (2005): “Secondary craters on Europa and implications for cratered surfaces,” Nature, 437, 1125–27.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Valleron, A. J., P. Y. Boelle, R. Will, and J. Y. Cesbron. (2001): “Estimation of epidemic size and incubation time based on age characteristics of vCJD in the United Kingdom,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294, 1726–28.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasher, E., and T. Ronen. (2011): The Complete Guide to Knowledge Management, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Everest, G. (2005): An Introduction to Number Theory, Ed. by. Thomas Ward. Vol. 232. Graduate Texts in MathematicsLondon: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Parker, A., G. I. Simari, A. Sliva, and V. S. Subrahmanian. (2014): “Experimental Evaluation,” in Data-driven Generation of Policies, ed. by Simari, G. I., A. Sliva, and V. S. Subrahmanian. . SpringerBriefs in Computer ScienceNew York, NY: Springer, 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrica.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017): “A Potential Dark Matter Signature Has Been Seen in The Andromeda Galaxy,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Accessed 10/30/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996): Federal Research: Preliminary Information on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program,Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua, K. P. (2014): “Langue et Identité Dans Les Milieux Populaires Québécois et Antillais,” Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017): “A ‘Torch’ Still Sears,” New York Times, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowack (2010)).
This sentence cites two references (Nowack (2010); Namouni and Porco (2002)).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Namouni and Porco (2002))
  • Three authors: (Bierhaus, Chapman, and Merline (2005))
  • 4 or more authors: (Valleron et al. (2001))

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrica
ISSN (print)0012-9682
ISSN (online)1468-0262
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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