How to format your references using the Econometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harley, D. (2013): “Scholarly communication: cultural contexts, evolving models,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 342, 80–82.
A journal article with 2 authors
Papavasiliou, F. N., and D. G. Schatz. (2000): “Cell-cycle-regulated DNA double-stranded breaks in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes,” Nature, 408, 216–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwata, M., A. Hiyama, and J. M. Otaki. (2013): “System-dependent regulations of colour-pattern development: a mutagenesis study of the pale grass blue butterfly,” Scientific reports, 3, 2379.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Endres, N. F., C. Yoshioka, R. A. Milligan, and R. D. Vale. (2006): “A lever-arm rotation drives motility of the minus-end-directed kinesin Ncd,” Nature, 439, 875–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hiltscher, G., W. Mühlthaler, and J. Smits. (2003): Industrial Pigging Technology, Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Brogliato, B. (2007): Dissipative Systems Analysis and Control: Theory and Applications, Ed. by. Bernhard Maschke, Rogelio Lozano, and Olav Egeland2nd Edition. Communications and Control EngineeringLondon: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajamannan, N. M., M. Cicek, J. R. Hawse, T. C. Spelsberg, and M. Subramaniam. (2014): “Experimental Model of Aortic Valve Calcification to Induce Osteoblast Differentiation,” in Molecular Biology of Valvular Heart Disease, ed. by Rajamannan, N. M. London: Springer, 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrica.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015): “Fish Can’t Have Sex With All That Traffic Noise,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Accessed 10/30/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017): Internet of Things: Communities Deploy Projects by Combining Federal Support with Other Funds and Expertise,Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leesombatpiboon, P. (2010): “Thailand’s Energy Security: Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Its Economic Impacts,”Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010): “U.S. Roster Soap Opera Settled on Daytime TV,” New York Times, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harley (2013)).
This sentence cites two references (Harley (2013); Papavasiliou and Schatz (2000)).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Papavasiliou and Schatz (2000))
  • Three authors: (Iwata, Hiyama, and Otaki (2013))
  • 4 or more authors: (Endres et al. (2006))

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrica
ISSN (print)0012-9682
ISSN (online)1468-0262
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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