How to format your references using the Econometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. (2000): “French lab seeks recipe for success,” Nature, 407, 551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gregg, J. M., and A. Kumar. (2014): “Applied physics: trawling for complements,” Nature, 510, 481–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, C. D., P. Coen, and D. W. Tank. (2012): “Choice-specific sequences in parietal cortex during a virtual-navigation decision task,” Nature, 484, 62–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ridderinkhof, K. R., M. Ullsperger, E. A. Crone, and S. Nieuwenhuis. (2004): “The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306, 443–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rapaport, H. (2011): The Literary Theory Toolkit, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Karlovich, Y. I., L. Rodino, B. Silbermann, and I. M. Spitkovsky, eds. (2013): Operator Theory, Pseudo-Differential Equations, and Mathematical Physics: The Vladimir Rabinovich Anniversary Volume, . Vol. 228. Operator Theory: Advances and ApplicationsBasel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aspray, W., G. Royer, and M. G. Ocepek. (2014): “American School Lunch Policy: A History,” in Formal and Informal Approaches to Food Policy, ed. by Royer, G. and M. G. Ocepek. . SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and NutritionCham: Springer International Publishing, 61–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrica.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017): “The First True-Color Images Of Saturn’s North Pole Hurricane Are Stunning,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Accessed 10/30/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999): General Aviation Airports: Oversight and Funding,Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alnuaimi, A. N. (2017): “The Outside-In Method for Sustainable Design Within the Built Environment Spatial Layers,”Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017): “Battered Mets No Match For the Solid Nationals,” New York Times, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler (2000)).
This sentence cites two references (Butler (2000); Gregg and Kumar (2014)).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gregg and Kumar (2014))
  • Three authors: (Harvey, Coen, and Tank (2012))
  • 4 or more authors: (Ridderinkhof et al. (2004))

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrica
ISSN (print)0012-9682
ISSN (online)1468-0262
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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