How to format your references using the Econometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Econometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett, C. L. (2006): “Cosmology from start to finish,” Nature, 440, 1126–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benfey, P. N., and T. Mitchell-Olds. (2008): “From genotype to phenotype: systems biology meets natural variation,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320, 495–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaczmarczyk, A., J. A. Vorholt, and A. Francez-Charlot. (2014): “Synthetic vanillate-regulated promoter for graded gene expression in Sphingomonas,” Scientific reports, 4, 6453.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Coulter, D. A., R. J. Foley, C. D. Kilpatrick, M. R. Drout, A. L. Piro, B. J. Shappee, M. R. Siebert, et al. (2017): “Swope Supernova Survey 2017a (SSS17a), the optical counterpart to a gravitational wave source,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 358, 1556–58.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, C. A., and A. M. Simpkins. (2011): Zen Meditation in Psychotherapy, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Catthoor, F. (2010): Ultra-Low Energy Domain-Specific Instruction-Set Processors, Ed. by. Praveen Raghavan, Andy Lambrechts, Murali Jayapala, Angeliki Kritikakou, and Javed AbsarDordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ambler, S. W. (2008): “Tailoring Usability into Agile Software Development Projects,” in Maturing Usability: Quality in Software, Interaction and Value, ed. by Law, E. L.-C., E. T. Hvannberg, and G. Cockton. . Human-Computer Interaction SeriesLondon: Springer, 75–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Econometrica.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016): “Using DNA To Unlock The Mysteries Of Cannabis And Reduce The Risk Of Dodgy ‘Medical’ Products,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Accessed 10/30/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992): Railroad Safety: Engineer Work Shift Length and Schedule Variability,Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffier, J. (2015): “A Qualitative Evaluation of the Role of Artistic Expression in Psychological Empowerment of Bullying Victims,”Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017): “The Met Stars in Its West Side Story,” New York Times, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bennett (2006)).
This sentence cites two references (Bennett (2006); Benfey and Mitchell-Olds (2008)).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benfey and Mitchell-Olds (2008))
  • Three authors: (Kaczmarczyk, Vorholt, and Francez-Charlot (2014))
  • 4 or more authors: (Coulter et al. (2017))

About the journal

Full journal titleEconometrica
ISSN (print)0012-9682
ISSN (online)1468-0262
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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