How to format your references using the Lettera Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lettera Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willis, J.H.: Genetics. Origin of species in overdrive. Science. 323, 350–351 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Rader, D.J., Daugherty, A.: Translating molecular discoveries into new therapies for atherosclerosis. Nature. 451, 904–913 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, C., Wei, S., Hendrey, G.: Warming climate extends dryness-controlled areas of terrestrial carbon sequestration. Sci. Rep. 4, 5472 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Israelian, G., Mena, E.D., Santos, N.C., Sousa, S.G., Mayor, M., Udry, S., Cerdeña, C.D., Rebolo, R., Randich, S.: Enhanced lithium depletion in Sun-like stars with orbiting planets. Nature. 462, 189–191 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H., Coleman, B., Hofmann, K.: Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Chan, D.K. ed: Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Thurlings, M.E., van Erp, J.B.F., Brouwer, A.-M., Werkhoven, P.J.: EEG-Based Navigation from a Human Factors Perspective. In: Tan, D.S. and Nijholt, A. (eds.) Brain-Computer Interfaces: Applying our Minds to Human-Computer Interaction. pp. 71–86. Springer, London (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lettera Matematica.

Blog post
Fang, J.: How Chameleons Adapted To A Tree-Climbing Lifestyle,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moulder, J.C.: Comparative analgesic effects of prepulse inhibition and reduced voltage waveforms in defibrillation, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLettera Matematica
ISSN (print)2281-6917
ISSN (online)2281-5937

Other styles