How to format your references using the Lettera Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lettera Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carr, A.M.: Checking that replication breakdown is not terminal. Science. 297, 557–558 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Olivera, B.M., Teichert, R.W.: Neuroscience: chemical ecology of pain. Nature. 479, 306–307 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, H., Peters, A., Chu, S.: A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves. Nature. 463, 926–929 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Santiago, J., Dupeux, F., Round, A., Antoni, R., Park, S.-Y., Jamin, M., Cutler, S.R., Rodriguez, P.L., Márquez, J.A.: The abscisic acid receptor PYR1 in complex with abscisic acid. Nature. 462, 665–668 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, A.K.M.E., Arashi, M., Tabatabaey, S.M.M.: Statistical Inference for Models with Multivariate t -Distributed Errors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Fraser, G., Gargantini, A. eds: Tests and Proofs: 4th International Conference, TAP 2010, Málaga, Spain, July 1-2, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
McAndrew, P.: What is Needed For Global E-Learning in Higher Education. In: Gibbs, D. and Zajda, J. (eds.) Comparative Information Technology: Languages, Societies and the Internet. pp. 49–64. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lettera Matematica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Genes From An Extinct Human Species Help Tibetans Thrive At High Altitudes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Cost/Benefit Analysis--A Legislative Branch Viewpoint. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Augspurger, B.A.: Teacher Perceptions of Effective School Leadership Using Twenty-first Century Skills and Knowledge, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Macarons of Her Own, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLettera Matematica
ISSN (print)2281-6917
ISSN (online)2281-5937

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