How to format your references using the Lettera Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lettera Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hashmi, A.S.K.: Chemistry. Sub-nanosized gold catalysts. Science. 338, 1434 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Raşa, M., Philipse, A.P.: Evidence for a macroscopic electric field in the sedimentation profiles of charged colloids. Nature. 429, 857–860 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Stewart, C.L., Roux, K.J., Burke, B.: Blurring the boundary: the nuclear envelope extends its reach. Science. 318, 1408–1412 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fuchs, S., Rende, E., Crisanti, A., Nolan, T.: Disruption of aminergic signalling reveals novel compounds with distinct inhibitory effects on mosquito reproduction, locomotor function and survival. Sci. Rep. 4, 5526 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare, D.M.: Electric Power Generation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Bacha, S.: Power Electronic Converters Modeling and Control: with Case Studies. Springer, London (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivasan, A.K., Palmer, L.S.: Voiding Dysfunction, Urinary Incontinence, and Urodynamics. In: Palmer, J.S. (ed.) Pediatric Urology: A General Urologist’s Guide. pp. 71–89. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lettera Matematica.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Alien-Looking Insect Has Its Own Order


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Close Air Support: Comparison of Air Force and Marine Corps Requirements and Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, L.: The Relationship between Mock Jurors’ Locus of Control, Belief in a Just World, and an NGRI Verdict, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: On Tulsa’s Long-Shot Olympic Pitch, Mayor and Others Say Never Mind, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLettera Matematica
ISSN (print)2281-6917
ISSN (online)2281-5937

Other styles