How to format your references using the Lettera Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lettera Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sinclair, D.A.: Cell biology. An age of instability. Science. 301, 1859–1860 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gani, R., Leach, S.: Transmission potential of smallpox in contemporary populations. Nature. 414, 748–751 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasty, J., McMillen, D., Collins, J.J.: Engineered gene circuits. Nature. 420, 224–230 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Latorre, E., Kale, S., Casares, L., Gómez-González, M., Uroz, M., Valon, L., Nair, R.V., Garreta, E., Montserrat, N., Del Campo, A., Ladoux, B., Arroyo, M., Trepat, X.: Active superelasticity in three-dimensional epithelia of controlled shape. Nature. 563, 203–208 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kothari, V.: Credit Derivatives and Structured Credit Trading. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809 (2008)
An edited book
Reithmaier, J.P., Paunovic, P., Kulisch, W., Popov, C., Petkov, P. eds: Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Rebeiro, C., Mukhopadhyay, D., Bhattacharya, S.: Advanced Time-Driven Cache Attacks on Block Ciphers. In: Mukhopadhyay, D. and Bhattacharya, S. (eds.) Timing Channels in Cryptography: A Micro-Architectural Perspective. pp. 71–80. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lettera Matematica.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Single Gene Variant Makes Male Worms More Attractive To Other Males,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: A Summary of the Legislative Provisions of the Block Grants Created by the 1981 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickson, B.: Yielding architecture: A manifesto for [urban + agri]culture, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Coaching The Kayakers On 2 Wheels, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLettera Matematica
ISSN (print)2281-6917
ISSN (online)2281-5937

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