How to format your references using the Lettera Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lettera Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug, A.: Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages. Science. 292, 1844–1846 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitra, P.P., Stark, J.B.: Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications. Nature. 411, 1027–1030 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldman, M.W., Lewontin, R.C., King, M.-C.: Race: a genetic melting-pot. Nature. 424, 374 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clarke, G., Collins, R.A., Leavitt, B.R., Andrews, D.F., Hayden, M.R., Lumsden, C.J., McInnes, R.R.: A one-hit model of cell death in inherited neuronal degenerations. Nature. 406, 195–199 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Twomey, B.: Inside the Currency Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Capasso, F. ed: Farmacognosia: Botanica, chimica e farmacologia delle piante medicinali. Springer, Milano (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Eckardt, R.: even in Horn Space. In: Bosch, P., Gabelaia, D., and Lang, J. (eds.) Logic, Language, and Computation: 7th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2007, Tbilisi, Georgia, October 1-5, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. pp. 47–61. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lettera Matematica.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Giant Groundhog-Like Mammal Lived Among Dinosaurs,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henderson, M.M.: Coming to Terms: Career Development Experiences of NCAA Division I Female Student-Athletes in Transition, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M.: Uncomfortable Accounting, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLettera Matematica
ISSN (print)2281-6917
ISSN (online)2281-5937

Other styles