How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Progress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Progress (CEP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary, D.C., “Quantum dynamics of chemical reactions,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321 (5890), pp. 789–791 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Narbonne, P., and R. Roy, “Caenorhabditis elegans dauers need LKB1/AMPK to ration lipid reserves and ensure long-term survival,” Nature, 457 (7226), pp. 210–214 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelly, D.R., G.C. Beroza, and S. Ide, “Non-volcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquake swarms,” Nature, 446 (7133), pp. 305–307 (2007).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao, W., L. Ye, S. Zhang, B. Fan, M. Sun, and J. Hou, “Ultrathin polyaniline-based buffer layer for highly efficient polymer solar cells with wide applicability,” Scientific reports, 4, p. 6570 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eylert, B., “The Mobile Multimedia Business,” John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006).
An edited book
Tapper, T., “Oxford, the Collegiate University: Conflict, Consensus and Continuity,” Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011).
A chapter in an edited book
Manna, M., E. Oro, M. Ruffolo, M. Alviano, and N. Leone, “The H $\imath$ L ε X System for Semantic Information Extraction,” in A. Hameurlain, J. Küng and R. Wagner, eds., , “Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems V,” Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 91–125 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Progress.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., “SpaceX Just Teased Us With A Video Of Its Biggest Rocket Ever,” IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Potential for Cost Reduction in Providing Message Refile Services Through DOD Telecommunications Centers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yoon, Y., “Nano-tribology of discrete track recording media,” 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., “You Talkin’ to Me? Less and Less These Days,” New York Times, 2003, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Progress
ISSN (print)0360-7275
ISSN (online)1945-0710

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