How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Progress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Progress (CEP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris, J.W., Jr, “Materials science. Stronger, tougher steels,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320 (5879), pp. 1022–1023 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Marraffini, L.A., and E.J. Sontheimer, “Self versus non-self discrimination during CRISPR RNA-directed immunity,” Nature, 463 (7280), pp. 568–571 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Sousa, T., G.M. Marques, and T. Domingos, “Comment on ‘Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325 (5945), pp. 1206; author reply 1206 (2009).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stuart, S.N., J.S. Chanson, N.A. Cox, et al., “Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306 (5702), pp. 1783–1786 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin, A., “Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer,” Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2004).
An edited book
Bavry, A.A., “Indications and techniques of percutaneous procedures: Coronary, peripheral, and structural heart disease,” Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
Visser, H., “Mendelssohn’s Euclidean Treatise on Equal Temperament,” in R. Munk, ed., , “Moses Mendelssohn’s Metaphysics and Aesthetics,” Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–104 (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Progress.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., “Australian Radio Telescope Begins Hunt For Intelligent Alien Life,” IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Deaf Education: Improved Oversight Needed for National Technical Institute for the Deaf,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix, K.A., “Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology,” 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., “The Progressive Who Didn’t Pass ‘Go,’” New York Times, 2015, BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [3, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Progress
ISSN (print)0360-7275
ISSN (online)1945-0710

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