How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Progress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Progress (CEP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilmut, I., “Retrospective. Keith Campbell (1954-2012),” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338 (6114), p. 1553 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
Metz, M., and J. Fütterer, “Biodiversity (Communications arising): suspect evidence of transgenic contamination,” Nature, 416 (6881), pp. 600–1; discussion 600, 602 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Chao, B.F., Y.H. Wu, and Y.S. Li, “Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320 (5873), pp. 212–214 (2008).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Berns, D.M., M.S. Rudner, S.O. Valenzuela, et al., “Amplitude spectroscopy of a solid-state artificial atom,” Nature, 455 (7209), pp. 51–57 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girmscheid, G., “Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus,” Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013).
An edited book
Paschen, M., “The Psychology of Human Leadership: How To Develop Charisma and Authority,” Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Buhl, S., and D. McColl, “BEDFORD’S MORPHOLOGICAL STUDIES,” in D. McColl, ed., , “Henbury Craters and Meteorites: Their Discovery, History and Study,” Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 54–63 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Progress.

Blog post
Andrew, E., “No, Sunscreen Will Not Give You Cancer,” IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Railroad Safety: Accident Trends and FRA Safety Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Royalty, A.R., “U.S. Military Advisors in Iraq: A Phenomenological Research Study on the Role of National Culture on Tactical Decision-making during Wartime,” 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., “The Sleep Cure,” New York Times, 2009, M262.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [5, 6, 7, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Progress
ISSN (print)0360-7275
ISSN (online)1945-0710

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