How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Progress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Progress (CEP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sincell, M., “INSTITUTIONAL PROFILE: Scientific Ballooning’s Buoyant Mood,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 289 (5479), pp. 534–536 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
LaDeau, S.L., and J.S. Clark, “Rising CO2 levels and the fecundity of forest trees,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 292 (5514), pp. 95–98 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Huey, R.B., J.B. Losos, and C. Moritz, “Ecology. Are lizards toast?,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 328 (5980), pp. 832–833 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nicoll, R.A., J. Mellor, M. Frerking, and D. Schmitz, “Kainate receptors and synaptic plasticity,” Nature, 406 (6799), p. 957 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burton, E., “Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016).
An edited book
Bogomolov, F., and Y. Tschinkel, eds., “Geometric Methods in Algebra and Number Theory,” Birkhäuser, Boston, MA (2005).
A chapter in an edited book
Chanak, P., and I. Banerjee, “Path Discovery for Sinks Mobility in Obstacle Resisting WSNs,” in M. Kumar Kundu, D. P. Mohapatra, A. Konar and A. Chakraborty, eds., , “Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics- Volume 2: Wireless Networks and Security Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics (ICACNI-2014),” Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–50 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Progress.

Blog post
Andrew, E., “Scientists Discover Evidence of Mercury’s Explosive Volcanic History,” IFLScience, 2014.’s-explosive-volcanic-history/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Weather Satellites: Economies Available by Converging Government Meteorological Satellites,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, D., “University Research Adminstrators’ Perception of Incivility and the Relationship to Employee Engagement,” 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, W., and J.E. Singer, “Drug and Bribery Investigation Brings New Scrutiny to Queens Karaoke Clubs,” New York Times, 2015, A36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4, 5, 7, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Progress
ISSN (print)0360-7275
ISSN (online)1945-0710

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