How to format your references using the BioNanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioNanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, R. S. (2015). GEOPHYSICS. Pinched topography initiates the critical zone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6260), 506–507.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murry, C. E., & Lee, R. T. (2009). Development biology. Turnover after the fallout. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 47–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mourre, V., Villa, P., & Henshilwood, C. S. (2010). Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 659–662.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suzuki, T., Hasan, Z., Funahashi, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Fujishiro, Y., & Awano, M. (2009). Impact of anode microstructure on solid oxide fuel cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 852–855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, R. A. (2017). Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, S., & Farzan, A. (Eds.). (2016). Computer Aided Verification: 28th International Conference, CAV 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-23, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 9780). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Waterworth, J., & Hoshi, K. (2016). Designing with Blends. In K. Hoshi (Ed.), Human-Experiential Design of Presence in Everyday Blended Reality: Living in the Here and Now (pp. 47–59). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioNanoScience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 8). Desert Rain Frog: Dangerous Beast or Adorable Squeaky Toy? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Transportation Programs: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation and Congress (No. GAO-09-435T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, R. W. (2010). The Florida Migrant Education Program: An analysis of programmatic and expenditure practices (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, May 3). In the Roberts Court, More Room for Argument. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioNanoScience
ISSN (print)2191-1630
ISSN (online)2191-1649
Biomedical Engineering

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