How to format your references using the BioNanoScience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioNanoScience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watzman, H. (2000). Software spend boosts Israeli R&D. Nature, 405(6787), 603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmid, E. M., & McMahon, H. T. (2007). Integrating molecular and network biology to decode endocytosis. Nature, 448(7156), 883–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Z., Cheng, Y., & Schwingenschlögl, U. (2014). Pressure controlled transition into a self-induced topological superconducting surface state. Scientific reports, 4, 4025.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, B., Yang, X., Xia, L., Majeed, M. I., & Tan, B. (2013). Hollow microporous organic capsules. Scientific reports, 3, 2128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stolarski, T. A., & Tobe, S. (2000). Rolling Contacts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Duindam, V. (2009). Modeling and Control of Complex Physical Systems: The Port-Hamiltonian Approach. (A. Macchelli, S. Stramigioli, & H. Bruyninckx, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roth, W.-M., Goulart, M. I. M., & Plakitsi, K. (2013). Engaging Children in Collective Curriculum Design. In M. I. M. Goulart & K. Plakitsi (Eds.), Science Education during Early Childhood: A Cultural-Historical Perspective (pp. 67–90). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioNanoScience.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014, October 22). Ten Bizarre Animals You’ve Never Heard Of. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress (No. GAO-14-72). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeClerk, C. C. (2008). The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, February 21). Justices Shield Medical Devices From Lawsuits. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioNanoScience
ISSN (print)2191-1630
ISSN (online)2191-1649
Biomedical Engineering

Other styles