How to format your references using the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Butler D. Prion data suggest BSE link to sporadic CJD. Nature 2002;420:450.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Melnick JG, Parkin G. Cleaving mercury-alkyl bonds: a functional model for mercury detoxification by MerB. Science 2007;317:225–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gergely G, Bekkering H, Király I. Rational imitation in preverbal infants. Nature 2002;415:755.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Botella H, Blom H, Dorka M, Ahlberg PE, Janvier P. Jaws and teeth of the earliest bony fishes. Nature 2007;448:583–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Batten LM. Public Key Cryptography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Liu S, editor. Structured Object-Oriented Formal Language and Method: Second International Workshop, SOFL 2012, Kyoto, Japan, November 13, 2012. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 7787. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bradley J, Bradley MD, Colvin J. Which Universal Service Obligation Attributes Do Americans Value? In: Crew M, Brennan TJ, editors. The Future of the Postal Sector in a Digital World, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Researchers Develop World’s First Vaccine To Fight The Chikungunya Virus. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-develop-worlds-first-vaccine-to-fight-the-chikungunya-virus/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: International Aviation Alliances and the Influence of Airline Marketing Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sanchez Y. Effectiveness of parent-child interaction therapy for Latino families: A secondary analysis of existing data. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hirshman L. Where Are the New Jobs for Women? New York Times 2008:A35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationInt. J. Gynaecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0020-7292
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles