How to format your references using the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Boehnke K. Oh the humanities! Science 2015;347:1166.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Amini A, Cheng C. Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition. Sci Rep 2013;3:2476.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mongillo G, Barak O, Tsodyks M. Synaptic theory of working memory. Science 2008;319:1543–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shen Q, Goderie SK, Jin L, Karanth N, Sun Y, Abramova N, et al. Endothelial cells stimulate self-renewal and expand neurogenesis of neural stem cells. Science 2004;304:1338–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Doldi L. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Cho SJ, editor. The Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education: Intellectual and attitudinal challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hou C, Chang S, Lin J, Song D. Combined Perforator Flaps. In: Chang S, Lin J, Song D, editors. Surgical Atlas of Perforator Flaps: A Microsurgical Dissection Technique, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015, p. 27–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Astronomers Have Found The Most Massive Brown Dwarf Ever. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-have-found-the-most-massive-brown-dwarf-ever/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Pollution: EPA’s Efforts to Control Gasoline Vapors From Motor Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Voma SK. Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
MacFARQUHAR N. A Developer and Kremlin Fixer With a Web of Trump Contacts. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationInt. J. Gynaecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0020-7292
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles