How to format your references using the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Corbyn Z. Statistics: a growing global burden. Nature 2014;510:S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Matthews PGD, Seymour RS. Diving insects boost their buoyancy bubbles. Nature 2006;441:171.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Polat EO, Balcı O, Kocabas C. Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices. Sci Rep 2014;4:6484.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Holbourn A, Kuhnt W, Schulz M, Erlenkeuser H. Impacts of orbital forcing and atmospheric carbon dioxide on Miocene ice-sheet expansion. Nature 2005;438:483–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud Dispersion Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
[1]
Thomas S, Visakh PM, Mathew AP, editors. Advances in Natural Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites. vol. 18. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Martellini M, Meulenbelt S, Paturej K. Cyber Security for Chemical Plants. In: Martellini M, editor. Cyber Security: Deterrence and IT Protection for Critical Infrastructures, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013, p. 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Translate Penguin Calls. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-translate-penguin-calls/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Circumstances Surrounding the ASPJ Limited Production Decision. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Teo YM. Acculturation Levels, Social Media Usage and Their Relationship with Dietary Patterns among Asian American Young Adults. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
McKINLEY JC Jr. Prosecutor Declined To Pursue Allegations. New York Times 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationInt. J. Gynaecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0020-7292
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles