How to format your references using the Le Pharmacien Hospitalier et Clinicien citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Le Pharmacien Hospitalier et Clinicien. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. AAAS members fret over links with theological foundation. Nature 2000;403:819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang Y, Li D. Soil nitric oxide emissions from terrestrial ecosystems in China: a synthesis of modeling and measurements. Sci Rep 2014;4:7406.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood MJ, Storz G, Tjandra N. Structural basis for redox regulation of Yap1 transcription factor localization. Nature 2004;430:917–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Robertson ID, Yourdkhani M, Centellas PJ, Aw JE, Ivanoff DG, Goli E, et al. Rapid energy-efficient manufacturing of polymers and composites via frontal polymerization. Nature 2018;557:223–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiesser WE. Spline Collocation Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Taha S. Secure IP Mobility Management for VANET. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Cubellis MA, Harris AJ. Civil Commitment of Sexual Predators. In: Jeglic EL, Calkins C, editors. Sexual Violence: Evidence Based Policy and Prevention, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Le Pharmacien Hospitalier et Clinicien.

Blog post
Taub B. Dark Web Drug Sales Have Tripled Since Silk Road Got Busted. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety and Security: Challenges to Implementing the Recommendations of the White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oldham CA. An investigation of genre and grammatical positioning in an online community. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart MK. A Complicated Match Made on the Hardwood. New York Times 2015:ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLe Pharmacien Hospitalier et Clinicien
ISSN (print)2211-1042
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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