How to format your references using the Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lemaire P (2006) Developmental biology. How many ways to make a chordate? Science 312:1145–1146
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rowley DB, Currie BS (2006) Palaeo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola basin, central Tibet. Nature 439:677–681
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Parr BT, Economou C, Herzon SB (2015) A concise synthesis of (+)-batzelladine B from simple pyrrole-based starting materials. Nature 525:507–510
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hart AW, Baeza N, Apelqvist A, Edlund H (2000) Attenuation of FGF signalling in mouse beta-cells leads to diabetes. Nature 408:864–868

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mory M (2013) Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
1.
Eder K, Lourenço J, Shehory O (2012) Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 7th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2011, Haifa, Israel, December 6-8, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hamachi R, Tsukida I, Noda H (2014) Activities to Improve System Integration and Service Quality and Add Additional Values - Reducing the Cost in Applying Human-Centered-Design Process. In: Marcus A (ed) Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design Practice: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 32–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) New Method Could Reveal Your Entire Viral Infection History With A Single Drop Of Blood. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) Preparing, Documenting, and Referencing Lotus Spreadsheets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nichol KP (2013) English Language Learners and Gifted Identification: Exploring the Perceptions of Teachers and Parents. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Liptak A, Walsh MW (2016) Justices Reject Puerto Rico Law in Case on Restructuring Debt. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePeer-to-Peer Networking and Applications
AbbreviationPeer Peer Netw. Appl.
ISSN (print)1936-6442
ISSN (online)1936-6450
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Software

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