How to format your references using the Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pace NR (2006) Time for a change. Nature 441:289
A journal article with 2 authors
Siefermann KR, Abel B (2010) Chemistry. Ion chemistry mediated by water networks. Science 327:280–281
A journal article with 3 authors
Adini Y, Sagi D, Tsodyks M (2002) Context-enabled learning in the human visual system. Nature 415:790–793
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang H, Yao J, Shao J, et al (2014) Anomalous photoelectric effect of a polycrystalline topological insulator film. Sci Rep 4:5876

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirchner T (2016) Merger Arbitrage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ďuranová L (2016) Persistent Work-related Technology Use, Recovery and Well-being Processes: Focus on Supplemental Work After Hours. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Paci S (2007) Il “Rinascimento Nucleare” sarà trainato dalla globalizzazione economica? In: Rossi AM (ed) Effetti, potenzialità e limiti della globalizzazione: Una visione multidisciplinare. Springer, Milano, pp 65–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Air Pollution Kills More Than Three Million People A Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Emergency Management: Status of School Districts’ Planning and Preparedness. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steinberg J (2015) The Social Construction of Beauty: Body Modification Examined Through the Lens of Social Learning Theory. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL (2017) Damien Chazelle on Los Angeles and Its Charms. New York Times TR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration
ISSN (print)2365-6433
ISSN (online)2365-7448

Other styles