How to format your references using the Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2008) Hazy reasoning behind clean air. Nature 452:519
A journal article with 2 authors
Cazenave A, Nerem RS (2002) Geophysics. Redistributing Earth’s mass. Science 297:783–784
A journal article with 3 authors
Ng B, Cai W, Walsh K (2014) The role of the SST-thermocline relationship in Indian Ocean Dipole skewness and its response to global warming. Sci Rep 4:6034
A journal article with 5 or more authors
de Vries W, Solberg S, Dobbertin M, et al (2008) Ecologically implausible carbon response? Nature 451:E1-3; discussion E3-4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner D, Balog E (2012) Advanced Technical Analysis of ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Blumenhagen R (2009) Introduction to Conformal Field Theory: With Applications to String Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
John I (2006) Capturing Product Line Information from Legacy User Documentation. In: Käköla T, Duenas JC (eds) Software Product Lines. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 127–159

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Immunotherapy Trial Puts A Third Of Terminal Cancer Patients Into Remission, But At A Cost. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Access to Arts Education: Inclusion of Additional Questions in Education’s Planned Research Would Help Explain Why Instruction Time Has Decreased for Some Students. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores E (2010) An exploratory study on widows’ experiences following the loss of their spouse. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Puerto Rico Said to Face ‘Death Spiral’ Over Debt. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration
ISSN (print)2365-6433
ISSN (online)2365-7448

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