How to format your references using the Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jorgensen WL. The many roles of computation in drug discovery. Science. 2004;303:1813–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lorenz UJ, Zewail AH. Nanofluidics. Observing liquid flow in nanotubes by 4D electron microscopy. Science. 2014;344:1496–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Young IR, Zieger S, Babanin AV. Global trends in wind speed and wave height. Science. 2011;332:451–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Some S, Xu Y, Kim Y, Yoon Y, Qin H, Kulkarni A, et al. Highly sensitive and selective gas sensor using hydrophilic and hydrophobic graphenes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Candy JV. Model-Based Signal Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Yang CC, Chau M, Wang J-H, Chen H, editors. Security Informatics. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Catanese F. Topological methods in algebraic geometry. In: Zannier U, editor. Colloquium De Giorgi 2013 and 2014. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore; 2015. p. 37–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Care.

Blog post
1. Davis J. How The Snake Lost Its Legs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-the-snake-lost-its-legs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Legislative Developments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jan. Report No.: 132007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Takayama M. The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M, Walsh MW. Buying a Gun? States Consider Insurance Rule. New York Times. 2013 Feb 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Care
AbbreviationCrit. Care
ISSN (online)1364-8535
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
General Medicine

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