How to format your references using the Laws citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laws. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dajani, R. Jordan’s Stem-Cell Law Can Guide the Middle East. Nature 2014, 510, 189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srinivasan, M.; Ruina, A. Computer Optimization of a Minimal Biped Model Discovers Walking and Running. Nature 2006, 439, 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irigoien, X.; Huisman, J.; Harris, R.P. Global Biodiversity Patterns of Marine Phytoplankton and Zooplankton. Nature 2004, 429, 863–867.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garrison, J.L.; Kunkel, E.J.; Hegde, R.S.; Taunton, J. A Substrate-Specific Inhibitor of Protein Translocation into the Endoplasmic Reticulum. Nature 2005, 436, 285–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein, L.S.B.; Schneider, M. Stem Cells for Dummies®; Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118269244.
An edited book
Axelsson, S. Understanding Intrusion Detection Through Visualization; Sands, D., Ed.; Advances in Information Security; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006; Vol. 24; ISBN 9780387276342.
A chapter in an edited book
Shen, B.; Stephansson, O.; Rinne, M. Iteration Process in FRACOD. In Modelling Rock Fracturing Processes: A Fracture Mechanics Approach Using FRACOD; Stephansson, O., Rinne, M., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp. 33–37 ISBN 9789400769038.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laws.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Watch What Happens When You Shoot Potassium Bullets Into Water Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Intercity Passenger Rail: Prospects for Amtrak’s Financial Viability; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brawley, K. A Nutrition and Physical Activity Curriculum for Pregnant Women. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. Giving Up Almost Everything to Care for His Wife? ‘I See It as a Pleasure.’ New York Times 2016, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaws
ISSN (online)2075-471X

Other styles