How to format your references using the Laws citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Laws. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitch, T. Journal club. A cognitive biologist foresees breakthroughs in understanding vocal learning. Nature 2010, 466, 163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, W.; Li, W. Structural insights into ubiquinone biosynthesis in membranes. Science 2014, 343, 878–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pronin, S.V.; Reiher, C.A.; Shenvi, R.A. Stereoinversion of tertiary alcohols to tertiary-alkyl isonitriles and amines. Nature 2013, 501, 195–199.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferrari, B.; Winsley, T.; Ji, M.; Neilan, B. Insights into the distribution and abundance of the ubiquitous candidatus Saccharibacteria phylum following tag pyrosequencing. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3957.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tatham, M.; Morton, K. Developments in Speech Synthesis; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006; ISBN 9780470012604.
An edited book
Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Third International Conference, AAIM 2007, Portland, OR, USA, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings; Kao, M.-Y., Li, X.-Y., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4508; ISBN 9783540728689.
A chapter in an edited book
Betlemidze, M. Ethnic Conflicts and Deleuzo-Guattarian Rhizomes of Cultural Affirmation. In Communicating Differences: Culture, Media, Peace and Conflict Negotiation; Roy, S., Shaw, I.S., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; pp. 68–83 ISBN 9781349556557.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Laws.

Blog post
Davis, J. Earliest Evidence Of Aboriginal People Living On Australia Coast Dates To 50,000 Years Ago Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Higher Education: Tuition Increases and Colleges’ Efforts to Contain Costs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woods, B.A. The Perceived Efficacy of an Empowerment Model of Youth Development among Vermont Educational Leaders. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, K.P. Workers Warm to Contract Jobs. New York Times 2006, 104.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLaws
ISSN (online)2075-471X

Other styles