How to format your references using the Austrian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Austrian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weil, Anne, ‘Mammalian Evolution: A Beast of the Southern Wild’, Nature, 515.7528 (2014), 495–96
A journal article with 2 authors
Dauphas, N., and A. Pourmand, ‘Hf-W-Th Evidence for Rapid Growth of Mars and Its Status as a Planetary Embryo’, Nature, 473.7348 (2011), 489–92
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinez, F., A. M. Goodliffe, and B. Taylor, ‘Metamorphic Core Complex Formation by Density Inversion and Lower-Crust Extrusion’, Nature, 411.6840 (2001), 930–34
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kawasaki, H., L. Schiltz, R. Chiu, K. Itakura, K. Taira, Y. Nakatani, and others, ‘ATF-2 Has Intrinsic Histone Acetyltransferase Activity Which Is Modulated by Phosphorylation’, Nature, 405.6783 (2000), 195–200

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, Dennis A., Han van de Waterbeemd, and Don K. Walker, Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design: SMITH: PHARMACOKINETICS AND METABOLISM IN DRUG DESIGN O-BK, Methods and Principles in Medicinal Chemistry (Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2006)
An edited book
Stanko, Elizabeth A., Police Use of Research Evidence: Recommendations for Improvement, ed. by Paul Dawson, SpringerBriefs in Criminology (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Tschachler, Erwin, and George-Sorin Tiplica, ‘Venereal Disease I: Syphilis’, in Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology, ed. by Jón Hjaltalín Ólafsson and Roderick James Hay (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Austrian Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen, ‘Asteroid Provides Glimpse Of Most Abundant Mineral On Earth’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2014) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Office of Education Contracts With Consultants, Experts, and Consulting Organizations (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 28 August 1975)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Damiano, Elizabeth S., ‘The Effects of Psychological Stress on Physical Health over Time’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George, ‘A Foreign Game Looks Very American’, New York Times, 24 June 2010, p. B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAustrian Studies
ISSN (print)1350-7532
ISSN (online)2222-4262
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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