How to format your references using the Austrian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Austrian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stickgold, Robert, ‘Sleep-Dependent Memory Consolidation’, Nature, 437 (2005), 1272–78
A journal article with 2 authors
Murry, Charles E., and Richard T. Lee, ‘Development Biology. Turnover after the Fallout’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 324 (2009), 47–48
A journal article with 3 authors
Hewitt, Sylvia Curtis, Bonnie J. Deroo, and Kenneth S. Korach, ‘Signal Transduction. A New Mediator for an Old Hormone?’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307 (2005), 1572–73
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moldón, Alberto, Jordi Malapeira, Natalia Gabrielli, Madelaine Gogol, Blanca Gómez-Escoda, Tsvetomira Ivanova, and others, ‘Promoter-Driven Splicing Regulation in Fission Yeast’, Nature, 455 (2008), 997–1000

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani, Sihem, Filipa Lopes, Rayen Filali, Didier Dumur, and Dominique Pareau, CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014)
An edited book
Colaninno, Antoinette, John Aidan Byrne, and Robert A. Schwartz, eds., Competition in a Consolidating Environment, Zicklin School of Business Financial Markets Series (Boston, MA: Springer US, 2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Chrysoulas, Christos, and Nicolas Sklavos, ‘Resource Management and Service Deployment in Grids’, in Grid Computing: Towards a Global Interconnected Infrastructure, ed. by Nikolaos P. Preve, Computer Communications and Networks (London: Springer, 2011), pp. 123–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Austrian Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh, ‘“Rivers In The Sky” Could Cause Some Species To Go Extinct’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2016) <; [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 10 April 2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, Eric D., ‘The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, John R., ‘The Light-Sensing Technology Carmakers Are Clamoring For’, New York Times, 25 May 2017, p. B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Robert Stickgold, ‘Sleep-Dependent Memory Consolidation’, Nature, 437.7063 (2005), 1272–78 <>..
This sentence cites two references Robert Stickgold, ‘Sleep-Dependent Memory Consolidation’, Nature, 437.7063 (2005), 1272–78 <>; Charles E. Murry and Richard T. Lee, ‘Development Biology. Turnover after the Fallout’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 324.5923 (2009), 47–48..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Alberto Moldón and others, ‘Promoter-Driven Splicing Regulation in Fission Yeast’, Nature, 455.7215 (2008), 997–1000 <>.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustrian Studies
ISSN (print)1350-7532
ISSN (online)2222-4262
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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