How to format your references using the Austrian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Austrian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skinner, Luke, ‘Climate Change. A Long View on Climate Sensitivity’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 337.6097 (2012), 917–19
A journal article with 2 authors
Deane, Grant B., and M. Dale Stokes, ‘Scale Dependence of Bubble Creation Mechanisms in Breaking Waves’, Nature, 418.6900 (2002), 839–44
A journal article with 3 authors
Saito, Chieko, Koei Shinzawa, and Yoshihide Tsujimoto, ‘Synchronized Necrotic Death of Attached Hepatocytes Mediated via Gap Junctions’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 5169
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wolkers, Monika C., Nathalie Brouwenstijn, Arnold H. Bakker, Mireille Toebes, and Ton N. M. Schumacher, ‘Antigen Bias in T Cell Cross-Priming’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 304.5675 (2004), 1314–17

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015)
An edited book
Gambescia, Stephen F., Managing A Public Speaker Bureau: A Manual for Health and Human Services Organizations, ed. by Evelyn González-McDevitt (Boston, MA: Springer US, 2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Biswas, Debmalya, and Krishnamurthy Vidyasankar, ‘Privacy Preserving Cloud Transactions’, in On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2012: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, DOA-SVI, and ODBASE 2012, Rome, Italy, September 10-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part II, ed. by Robert Meersman, Hervé Panetto, Tharam Dillon, Stefanie Rinderle-Ma, Peter Dadam, Xiaofang Zhou, and others, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012), pp. 511–26

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Austrian Studies.

Blog post
Fang, Janet, ‘New Vaccines Could Protect Poultry and Humans from Bird Flu’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Communications Commission: Broadcast Services, Television Broadcast Stations, and TV Transmission Standards (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 9 April 1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, Bryann Renee, ‘Schizophrenia-Spectrum Behavior and Peer Responses to Individuals with Social Anhedonia’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia, ‘Offended Fan Wants Ashe Statue Moved’, New York Times, 2 September 2000, p. D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAustrian Studies
ISSN (print)1350-7532
ISSN (online)2222-4262
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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