How to format your references using the Austrian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Austrian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pagel, Mark, ‘Rise of the Digital Machine’, Nature, 452.7188 (2008), 699
A journal article with 2 authors
Aitken, R. John, and Jennifer A. Marshall Graves, ‘The Future of Sex’, Nature, 415.6875 (2002), 963
A journal article with 3 authors
Joo, William, Simon Hippenmeyer, and Liqun Luo, ‘Neurodevelopment. Dendrite Morphogenesis Depends on Relative Levels of NT-3/TrkC Signaling’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 346.6209 (2014), 626–29
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kröll, Josef, Juraj Darmo, Sukhdeep S. Dhillon, Xavier Marcadet, Michel Calligaro, Carlo Sirtori, and others, ‘Phase-Resolved Measurements of Stimulated Emission in a Laser’, Nature, 449.7163 (2007), 698–701

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diab, Wael William, and Howard M. Frazier, Ethernet in the First Mile (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Szczuka, Marcin S., Daniel Howard, Dominik Ślȩzak, Haeng-Kon Kim, Tai-Hoon Kim, Il-Seok Ko, and others, eds., Advances in Hybrid Information Technology: First International Conference, ICHIT 2006, Jeju Island, Korea, November 9-11, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007), mmmmcdxiii
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, Beibei, Shuzhi Sam Ge, Chang Chen, Cheng-Heng Fua, and Tong Heng Lee, ‘Altitude and Yaw Control of Helicopters with Uncertain Dynamics’, in Modeling, Control and Coordination of Helicopter Systems, ed. by Shuzhi Sam Ge, Chang Chen, Cheng-Heng Fua, and Tong Heng Lee (New York, NY: Springer, 2012), pp. 93–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Austrian Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh, ‘Ants Craft Their Own Powerful Antibiotics By Mixing Different Substances’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2017) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 26 February 2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whidby, Michael Alan, ‘Citation Handling: Processing Citation Texts in Scientific Documents’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wogan, John, ‘Eat, Pray, Chill’, New York Times, 6 September 2016, p. M2124

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAustrian Studies
ISSN (print)1350-7532
ISSN (online)2222-4262
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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