How to format your references using the AIDS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIDS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochelle GT. Amine scrubbing for CO2 capture. Science 2009; 325:1652–1654.
A journal article with 2 authors
Izquierdo I, Cammarota M. Neuroscience. Zif and the survival of memory. Science 2004; 304:829–830.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lestas I, Vinnicombe G, Paulsson J. Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations. Nature 2010; 467:174–178.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yokoya T, Kiss T, Chainani A, Shin S, Nohara M, Takagi H. Fermi surface sheet-dependent superconductivity in 2H-NbSe2. Science 2001; 294:2518–2520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karmakar NC, Kalansuriya P, Azim RE, Koswatta R. Chipless Radio Frequency Identification Reader Signal Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Cerny E. The Power of Assertions in SystemVerilog. First. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Volchkov VV, Volchkov VV. Realizations of the Irreducible Components of the Quasi-Regular Representation of Groups Transitive on Spheres. Invariant Subspaces. In: Harmonic Analysis of Mean Periodic Functions on Symmetric Spaces and the Heisenberg Group. Volchkov VV (editor). . London: Springer; 2009. pp. 85–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIDS.

Blog post
Taub B. Controversial Attempt To Revive Brain-Dead Patients Scrapped By Indian Authorities. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Technology Readiness Assessment Guide: Best Practices for Evaluating the Readiness of Technology for Use in Acquisition Programs and Projects--Exposure Draft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tegtmeier T. Science-related attitudes of urban middle school students. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M. Brooklyn Prices Reach New Level. New York Times. 2017; :RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAIDS
ISSN (print)0269-9370
ISSN (online)1473-5571
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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