How to format your references using the Law and Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Castle, S. L. (2014). Organic synthesis: Better chemistry through radicals. Nature, 516(7531), 332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esmaeili-Rad, M. R., & Salahuddin, S. (2013). High performance molybdenum disulfide amorphous silicon heterojunction photodetector. Scientific Reports, 3, 2345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryu, W. S., Berry, R. M., & Berg, H. C. (2000). Torque-generating units of the flagellar motor of Escherichia coli have a high duty ratio. Nature, 403(6768), 444–447.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Alvarez, H. M., Xue, Y., Robinson, C. D., Canalizo-Hernández, M. A., Marvin, R. G., Kelly, R. A., Mondragón, A., Penner-Hahn, J. E., & O’Halloran, T. V. (2010). Tetrathiomolybdate inhibits copper trafficking proteins through metal cluster formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 331–334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh, S., Zomaya, A. Y., Olariu, S., & Sanugi, B. (2005). Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barjis, J., Eldabi, T., & Gupta, A. (Eds.). (2011). Enterprise and Organizational Modeling and Simulation: 7th International Workshop, EOMAS 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Selected Papers (Vol. 88). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yilbas, B. S., Al-Dweik, A. Y., Al-Aqeeli, N., & Al-Qahtani, H. M. (2014). Concluding Remarks. In A. Y. Al-Dweik, N. Al-Aqeeli, & H. M. Al-Qahtani (Eds.), Laser Pulse Heating of Surfaces and Thermal Stress Analysis (pp. 167–175). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Human Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 3). Why Does Scratching An Itch Make It Worse? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Stafford Student Loans: Lower Subsidy Payments Could Achieve Savings Without Affecting Access (HRD-92-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viramontes, M. (2009). Parenting styles and practices and their impact on school behavior [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, June 29). Backstage With Van Halen. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Castle, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Castle, 2014; Esmaeili-Rad & Salahuddin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esmaeili-Rad & Salahuddin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ryu et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Alvarez et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Human Behavior
AbbreviationLaw Hum. Behav.
ISSN (print)0147-7307
ISSN (online)1573-661X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles