How to format your references using the Law and Human Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Human Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barinaga, M. (2000). SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY: Look Before You Leap. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5487), 2028.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubincam, D. P., & Paddack, S. J. (2007). Planetary science. As tiny worlds turn. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5822), 211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams, M. A., Tyznik, A. J., & Bevan, M. J. (2006). Interleukin-2 signals during priming are required for secondary expansion of CD8+ memory T cells. Nature, 441(7095), 890–893.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hua, Y., Zhu, M., Wang, Y., Xie, Z., & Li, M. (2014). A hybrid method for identification of structural domains. Scientific Reports, 4, 7476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utas, G. (2006). Robust Communications Software. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Waksman, G. (Ed.). (2005). Proteomics and Protein-Protein Interactions: Biology, Chemistry, Bioinformatics, and Drug Design (Vol. 3). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Aral, A., Gupta, V., & Agarwal, R. P. (2013). q-Summation–Integral Operators. In V. Gupta & R. P. Agarwal (Eds.), Applications of q-Calculus in Operator Theory (pp. 145–194). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Human Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 5). These Are 13 Of The Hottest Places On Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Surface Transportation: A Comprehensive Plan Could Facilitate Implementation of a National Performance Management Approach (GAO-17-638). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charoenphol, D. (2017). Using robust statistical methodology to evaluate the performance of project delivery systems: A case study of horizontal construction [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016, July 18). Tapping ’70s TV to Expand a Comic Book Lineup. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barinaga, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Barinaga, 2000; Rubincam & Paddack, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubincam & Paddack, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Williams et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hua et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Human Behavior
AbbreviationLaw Hum. Behav.
ISSN (print)0147-7307
ISSN (online)1573-661X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Psychology

Other styles