How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Algorithmics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert J. Cave. 2009. Chemistry. Inducing chirality with circularly polarized light. Science 323, 5920 (March 2009), 1435–1436.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. D. Berke and H. B. Eichenbaum. 2001. Drug addiction and the hippocampus. Science 294, 5545 (November 2001), 1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
David Healy, Richard R. Jones, and Robert E. Holdsworth. 2006. Three-dimensional brittle shear fracturing by tensile crack interaction. Nature 439, 7072 (January 2006), 64–67.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Liu, C. Sun, E. T. Olejniczak, R. P. Meadows, S. F. Betz, T. Oost, J. Herrmann, J. C. Wu, and S. W. Fesik. 2000. Structural basis for binding of Smac/DIABLO to the XIAP BIR3 domain. Nature 408, 6815 (2000), 1004–1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
André Perez. 2013. Voice Over LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Neamat El Gayar, Josef Kittler, and Fabio Roli (Eds.). 2010. Multiple Classifier Systems: 9th International Workshop, MCS 2010, Cairo, Egypt, April 7-9, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Leila Simona Talani. 2016. Neo-Gramscians and IPE: A Socio-Economic Understanding of Transnationalism, Hegemony and Civil Society. In The Palgrave Handbook of Critical International Political Economy, Alan Cafruny, Leila Simona Talani and Gonzalo Pozo Martin (eds.). Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Orphan Pygmy Marmoset Loves Being Brushed By A Toothbrush. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Transportation Infrastructure: Cost and Oversight Issues on Major Highway and Bridge Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christian Vincent. 2010. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian lens. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erin St. John Kelly. 1994. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 1314.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Algorithmics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Algorithmics
ISSN (online)1084-6654
ScopeTheoretical Computer Science

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