How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Algorithmics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. K. Moffatt. 2000. Euler’s disk and its finite-time singularity. Nature 404, 6780 (April 2000), 833–834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Józef Kazmierczak and Barbara Kremer. 2002. Palaeontology: thermal alteration of the Earth’s oldest fossils. Nature 420, 6915 (December 2002), 477–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elodie Joliveau, John Smith, and Joe Wolfe. 2004. Acoustics: tuning of vocal tract resonance by sopranos. Nature 427, 6970 (January 2004), 116.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Murayama, J. M. Howe, H. Hidaka, and S. Takaki. 2002. Atomic-level observation of disclination dipoles in mechanically milled, nanocrystalline Fe. Science 295, 5564 (March 2002), 2433–2435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul L. Shick. 2007. Topology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bart De Decker and David W. Chadwick (Eds.). 2012. Communications and Multimedia Security: 13th IFIP TC 6/TC 11 International Conference, CMS 2012, Canterbury, UK, September 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Michael O. J. Thomas and Joann M. Palmer. 2014. Teaching with Digital Technology: Obstacles and Opportunities. In The Mathematics Teacher in the Digital Era: An International Perspective on Technology Focused Professional Development, Alison Clark-Wilson, Ornella Robutti and Nathalie Sinclair (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2014. Implantable Scaffold Regenerates Lost Bone. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Student Loan Insurance Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seth Kotch. 2009. Unduly harsh and unworkably rigid: The death penalty in North Carolina, 1910–1961. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Kelly. 1993. The New White House Refrain: Please Hang Up and Dial Again. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Algorithmics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Algorithmics
ISSN (online)1084-6654
ScopeTheoretical Computer Science

Other styles