How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Algorithmics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jeffry L. Corden. 2007. Transcription. Seven ups the code. Science 318, 5857 (December 2007), 1735–1736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shubhankar Kumar Bose and Todd B. Marder. 2015. ORGANIC CATALYSIS. A leap ahead for activating C-H bonds. Science 349, 6247 (July 2015), 473–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michele Fumagalli, John M. O’Meara, and J. Xavier Prochaska. 2011. Detection of pristine gas two billion years after the Big Bang. Science 334, 6060 (December 2011), 1245–1249.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. A. West, M. E. Brown, S. V. Salinas, A. H. Bouchez, and H. G. Roe. 2005. No oceans on Titan from the absence of a near-infrared specular reflection. Nature 436, 7051 (August 2005), 670–672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steven N. Shore. 2005. The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Charles Audet, Pierre Hansen, and Gilles Savard (Eds.). 2005. Essays and Surveys in Global Optimization. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ryan Tippet. 2016. Corporate Geocorpographies: Surveillance and Social Media Expansion. In Security, Race, Biopower: Essays on Technology and Corporeality, Holly Randell-Moon and Ryan Tippet (eds.). Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 81–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz. 2015. Eclipsing Binary Could Be A Supernova Model. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tenisha Celita James. 2017. African American Students in a California Community College: Perceptions of Cultural Congruity and Academic Self-Concept within a Black Culture Center. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Wagner. 2017. Mets Split a Doubleheader With the Nationals as Their Bullpen Gets a Workout. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Algorithmics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Algorithmics
ISSN (online)1084-6654
ScopeTheoretical Computer Science

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