How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Algorithmics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Julie Clayton. 2004. RNA interference: the silent treatment. Nature 431, 7008 (September 2004), 599–605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atsumu Ohmura and Martin Wild. 2002. Climate change. Is the hydrological cycle accelerating? Science 298, 5597 (November 2002), 1345–1346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meaghan Creed, Vincent Jean Pascoli, and Christian Lüscher. 2015. Addiction therapy. Refining deep brain stimulation to emulate optogenetic treatment of synaptic pathology. Science 347, 6222 (February 2015), 659–664.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shuang Zhang, Min Yu, Hongxin Deng, Guobo Shen, and Yuquan Wei. 2014. Polyclonal rabbit anti-human ovarian cancer globulins inhibit tumor growth through apoptosis involving the caspase signaling. Sci. Rep. 4, (May 2014), 4984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Charles G. D. Brook and Mehul T. Dattani. 2012. Handbook of Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jozef Bartunek and Marc Vanderheyden (Eds.). 2013. Translational Approach to Heart Failure. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kejun Bi, Weiguo Zhang, Chengzhi Chi, and Jingkai Zhang. 2014. Reconfigurable Control Allocation of Multi-Surfaces Aircraft Based on Improved Fixed Point Iteration. In Foundations and Practical Applications of Cognitive Systems and Information Processing: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Cognitive Systems and Information Processing, Beijing, China, Dec 2012 (CSIP2012), Fuchun Sun, Dewen Hu and Huaping Liu (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. India’s Space Agency Successfully Launches Its Heaviest Rocket. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2005 Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danielle Marie Johnson. 2015. Prison nursery programs: Measuring society’s perceptions and support. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Andrew Higgins. 2016. Trump’s Putin: Strength Seen as Top Virtue. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Algorithmics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Algorithmics
ISSN (online)1084-6654
ScopeTheoretical Computer Science

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