How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Algorithmics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierre J. Magistretti. 2009. Neuroscience. Low-cost travel in neurons. Science 325, 5946 (September 2009), 1349–1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hai-Yan Wang and Yu-Qing Zhang. 2014. Processing and characterisation of a novel electropolymerized silk fibroin hydrogel membrane. Sci. Rep. 4, (August 2014), 6182.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. N. Patek, W. L. Korff, and R. L. Caldwell. 2004. Biomechanics: deadly strike mechanism of a mantis shrimp. Nature 428, 6985 (April 2004), 819–820.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li-Ru You, Fu-Jung Lin, Christopher T. Lee, Francesco J. DeMayo, Ming-Jer Tsai, and Sophia Y. Tsai. 2005. Suppression of Notch signalling by the COUP-TFII transcription factor regulates vein identity. Nature 435, 7038 (May 2005), 98–104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Charles W. Chase Jr. 2013. Demand-Driven Forecasting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Halimah Badioze Zaman, Peter Robinson, Maria Petrou, Patrick Olivier, Timothy K. Shih, Sergio Velastin, and Ingela Nyström (Eds.). 2011. Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Catherine Belleannée, Olivier Sallou, and Jacques Nicolas. 2014. Logol: Expressive Pattern Matching in Sequences. Application to Ribosomal Frameshift Modeling. In Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 9th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, Matteo Comin, Lukas Käll, Elena Marchiori, Alioune Ngom and Jagath Rajapakse (eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 34–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2017. New Prostate Test Twice As Likely To Identify Cancer As Traditional Technique. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Department of Education: Information on Consolidation Opportunities and Student Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Umera Ameen. 2012. Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tyler Cowen. 2014. From Colonial India, Lessons for a Changed Economy. New York Times, BU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Algorithmics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Algorithmics
ISSN (online)1084-6654
ScopeTheoretical Computer Science

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