How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Algorithmics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michael Eisenstein. 2015. Disease: Closing the door on HIV. Nature 528, 7580 (December 2015), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Nott and M. Hayne. 2001. High frequency of “super-cyclones” along the Great Barrier Reef over the past 5,000 years. Nature 413, 6855 (October 2001), 508–512.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Pulendran, K. Palucka, and J. Banchereau. 2001. Sensing pathogens and tuning immune responses. Science 293, 5528 (July 2001), 253–256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leah R. Gerber, Lyne Morissette, Kristin Kaschner, and Daniel Pauly. 2009. Ecology. Should whales be culled to increase fishery yield? Science 323, 5916 (February 2009), 880–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hussein Baher. 2012. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Anders Nilsson. 2016. Vibro-Acoustics, Volume 2 (2nd ed. 2016 ed.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chi-Wen Lo, Chia-Wen Lin, Yung-Chang Chen, and Jen-Yu Yu. 2009. On Peer Selection and Protection for Reliable Peer-to-Peer Video Streaming. In Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2009: 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Bangkok, Thailand, December 15-18, 2009 Proceedings, Paisarn Muneesawang, Feng Wu, Itsuo Kumazawa, Athikom Roeksabutr, Mark Liao and Xiaoou Tang (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Algorithmics.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Ötzi the 5,300-Year-Old Iceman has 61 Tattoos. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Linda S. Eller. 2012. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Pilon. 2014. With Gadgetry, New York Race May Be Watched Like No Other. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Algorithmics
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Algorithmics
ISSN (online)1084-6654
ScopeTheoretical Computer Science

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