How to format your references using the Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mignan A. The debate on the prognostic value of earthquake foreshocks: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep 2014;4:4099.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoist C, Hacohen N. Immunology. Flow cytometry, amped up. Science 2011;332:677–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitkaliyeva A, Chen D, Shao L. Phonon transport assisted by inter-tube carbon displacements in carbon nanotube mats. Sci Rep 2013;3:2774.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sheng W, Yu G, Fang H, Liu Y, Wang Q, Chen Z, et al. Regional patterns of (15)N natural abundance in forest ecosystems along a large transect in eastern China. Sci Rep 2014;4:4249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szeman I, O’Brien S. Popular Culture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Linton JC, James L, editors. Handbook of Obesity Intervention for the Lifespan. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Consigli G, Tria M di, Gaffo M, Iaquinta G, Moriggia V, Uristani A. Dynamic Portfolio Management for Property and Casualty Insurance. In: Bertocchi M, Consigli G, Dempster MAH, editors. Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices.

Blog post
Evans K. This Awesome Time-Lapse Video Shows One Year In The Life Of Earth. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Timely Completion of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System Software Is at Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barkley WC. Mars rover - Laser focusing and optimization. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Election Night, With a Play in Real Time. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicine in Novel Technology and Devices
ISSN (print)2590-0935

Other styles