How to format your references using the Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gutiérrez RA. Systems biology for enhanced plant nitrogen nutrition. Science 2012;336:1673–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prado MTP, Cepeda-Jiménez CM. Materials science: Strength ceiling smashed for light metals. Nature 2015;528:486–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies JP, Chen FW, Ioannou YA. Transmembrane molecular pump activity of Niemann-Pick C1 protein. Science 2000;290:2295–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang Y, Sugimoto JD, Halloran ME, Basta NE, Chao DL, Matrajt L, et al. The transmissibility and control of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus. Science 2009;326:729–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider KA. Counseling About Cancer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Spagnolo P, Mazzeo PL, Distante C, editors. Human Behavior Understanding in Networked Sensing: Theory and Applications of Networks of Sensors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdulla PA, Atig MF, Stenman J. Computing Optimal Reachability Costs in Priced Dense-Timed Pushdown Automata. In: Dediu A-H, Martín-Vide C, Sierra-Rodríguez J-L, Truthe B, editors. Language and Automata Theory and Applications: 8th International Conference, LATA 2014, Madrid, Spain, March 10-14, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 62–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Reveal Nanoscale Images Of The Brain. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Analysis of Insurance Premiums Charged by Guaranty Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Regmi K. Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. Awakenings. New York Times 2017:BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicine in Novel Technology and Devices
ISSN (print)2590-0935

Other styles