How to format your references using the Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knowles J. Chemistry. Seeing is believing. Science 2003;299:2002–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lobanov AP, Zensus JA. A cosmic double helix in the archetypical quasar 3C273. Science 2001;294:128–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Malakoff D, Yeston J, Smith J. Getting better to get bigger. Science 2010;329:779.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu X, Wang L, Zhao K, Thompson PR, Hwang Y, Marmorstein R, et al. The structural basis of protein acetylation by the p300/CBP transcriptional coactivator. Nature 2008;451:846–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stull C, Myers P, Scott DM. Tuned In. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Ulivi P. Robotic Exploration of the Solar System: Part 1: The Golden Age 1957–1982. New York, NY: Praxis; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Hens T, Rieger MO. Two-Period Model: State-Preference Approach. In: Rieger MO, editor. Financial Economics: A Concise Introduction to Classical and Behavioral Finance, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016, p. 139–209.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Virgin Galactic Flies Its New Space Plane Freely For The First Time. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowda V. Pollination biology and inter-island geographical variation in the mutualistic Heliconia (Heliconiaceae)-hummingbird (Trochilidae) interaction of the Eastern Caribbean Islands. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Friday File. New York Times 2015:C36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicine in Novel Technology and Devices
ISSN (print)2590-0935

Other styles