How to format your references using the Law and Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. 2000. Developing countries and poorest people targeted by UN centre. Nature 408: 754.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gardner, Andy, and Stuart A. West. 2004. Ecology. Spite among siblings. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305: 1413–1414.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieping, Wolfgang, Michael Habeck, and Michael Nilges. 2005. Inferential structure determination. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 303–306.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kang, Hyo Jin, Yong Weon Yi, Young Bin Hong, Hee Jeong Kim, Young-Joo Jang, Yeon-Sun Seong, and Insoo Bae. 2014. HER2 confers drug resistance of human breast cancer cells through activation of NRF2 by direct interaction. Scientific reports 4: 7201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shaw, Montgomery T. 2011. Introduction to Polymer Rheology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wiggan, Greg, ed. 2016. Dreaming of a Place Called Home: Local and International Perspectives on Teacher Education and School Diversity. Comparative and International Education, A Diversity of Voices. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Mao, Chen, Sheng Feng Qin, and David Wright. 2007. Sketching-Out Virtual Humans: A Smart Interface for Human Modelling and Animation. In Smart Graphics: 8th International Symposium, SG 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 25-27, 2007. Proceedings, ed. Andreas Butz, Brian Fisher, Antonio Krüger, Patrick Olivier, and Shigeru Owada, 36–48. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Critique.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Antibody Drug Gives New Life To Chronic Fatigue Sufferers. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 16.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. NOAA Satellites. AIMD-96-141R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razzaghi, Mortezaali. 2013. Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. Parallel Coaching Paths, Decades Apart. New York Times, January 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Gardner and West 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gardner and West 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Critique
AbbreviationLaw Crit.
ISSN (print)0957-8536
ISSN (online)1572-8617

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