How to format your references using the Law and Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, Daniel. 2015. CRISPR: Science can’t solve it. Nature 522: 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Savaglio, S., and V. Carbone. 2000. Scaling in athletic world records. Nature 404: 244.
A journal article with 3 authors
He, Chunyong, San Ping Jiang, and Pei Kang Shen. 2013. Large-scale and rapid synthesis of disk-shaped and nano-sized graphene. Scientific reports 3: 2144.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Guo, H., T. Mockler, H. Duong, and C. Lin. 2001. SUB1, an Arabidopsis Ca2+-binding protein involved in cryptochrome and phytochrome coaction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291: 487–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd. 2017. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Williams, Riley J., ed. 2007. Cartilage Repair Strategies. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
El-Shanti, Hatem, and Hasan Abdel Majeed. 2010. Familial Mediterranean Fever and Other Autoinflammatory Disorders. In Genetic Disorders Among Arab Populations, ed. Ahmad S. Teebi, 111–143. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Critique.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. A Hidden Code In Our DNA Explains How New Pieces Of Genes Are Made. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. NASA’s Clipperton Project. NSIAD-96-90R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas, L’lia E. 2017. Youth Art Ambassadors: A Youth Participatory Action Research Project Using Social Justice to Incite Change in Classrooms where Teachers Teach Young People of Color. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. Analyzing the Markets. New York Times, May 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Savaglio and Carbone 2000; Sarewitz 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Savaglio and Carbone 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Critique
AbbreviationLaw Crit.
ISSN (print)0957-8536
ISSN (online)1572-8617

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