How to format your references using the Law and Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, Anna. 2015. Science masterclass. Nature 526: S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
DellaPenna, Dean, and Sarah E. O’Connor. 2012. Plant science. Plant gene clusters and opiates. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 1648–1649.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Long, Honghui Wang, and Xin Zhao. 2014. Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet. Scientific reports 4: 7166.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brody, David L., Sandra Magnoni, Kate E. Schwetye, Michael L. Spinner, Thomas J. Esparza, Nino Stocchetti, Gregory J. Zipfel, and David M. Holtzman. 2008. Amyloid-beta dynamics correlate with neurological status in the injured human brain. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1221–1224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Myers, Ford R. 2009. Get the Job You Want, Even When No One’s Hiring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cho, Byung-Kyu, and Teiji Tominaga, ed. 2010. Moyamoya Disease Update. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Sherman, Charles H., and John L. Butler. 2007. Transducers as Hydrophones. In Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound, ed. John L. Butler, 152–212. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Critique.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. Astronomers Are Hunting For Life Around A Nearby Star. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 20.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Truck Safety: Improvements Needed in FHwA’s Motor Carrier Safety Program. RCED-91-30. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas, L’lia E. 2017. Youth Art Ambassadors: A Youth Participatory Action Research Project Using Social Justice to Incite Change in Classrooms where Teachers Teach Young People of Color. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2008. Playing in Cooperstown, On a Team of Their Own. New York Times, August 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick 2015).
This sentence cites two references (DellaPenna and O’Connor 2012; Petherick 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DellaPenna and O’Connor 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Brody et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Critique
AbbreviationLaw Crit.
ISSN (print)0957-8536
ISSN (online)1572-8617

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