How to format your references using the Law and Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kruzic, Jamie J. 2009. Materials science. Predicting fatigue failures. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 156–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, Jeff, and Monica Bradford. 2010. 2009 Visualization Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327: 945–955.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryk, R., P. Griffin, and C. Nathan. 2000. Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins. Nature 407: 211–215.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Song, Ji-Joon, Stephanie K. Smith, Gregory J. Hannon, and Leemor Joshua-Tor. 2004. Crystal structure of Argonaute and its implications for RISC slicer activity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305: 1434–1437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cahill, Thomas H. 2012. Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gooßen, Lukas J., ed. 2013. Inventing Reactions. Vol. 44. Topics in Organometallic Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tazreiter, Claudia, Leanne Weber, Sharon Pickering, Marie Segrave, and Helen McKernan. 2016. Indonesian Temporary Migrants: Australia as First Preference or Last Resort? In Fluid Security in the Asia Pacific: Transnational Lives, Human Rights and State Control, ed. Leanne Weber, Sharon Pickering, Marie Segrave, and Helen McKernan, 53–75. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Critique.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. There Will Be 5 Planets Visible In June, Here’s How To See Them. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 6.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. NASA Issues. OCG-93-27TR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haws, Susan Wallace. 2012. A multilevel study of schools’ influences on adolescent substance use. Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilefsky, Dan. 2012. Region’s Struggles Seen In a Romanian Scandal. New York Times, October 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kruzic 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kruzic 2009; Nesbit and Bradford 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Bradford 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Critique
AbbreviationLaw Crit.
ISSN (print)0957-8536
ISSN (online)1572-8617

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