How to format your references using the Law and Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rahilly, Stephen. 2009. Human genetics illuminates the paths to metabolic disease. Nature 462: 307–314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woyke, Tanja, and Edward M. Rubin. 2014. Evolution. Searching for new branches on the tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adams, Erin J., Yueh-Hsiu Chien, and K. Christopher Garcia. 2005. Structure of a gammadelta T cell receptor in complex with the nonclassical MHC T22. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 227–231.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Koussevitzky, Shai, Ajit Nott, Todd C. Mockler, Fangxin Hong, Gilberto Sachetto-Martins, Marci Surpin, Jason Lim, Ron Mittler, and Joanne Chory. 2007. Signals from chloroplasts converge to regulate nuclear gene expression. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 715–719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, Fay, Reinhard Klette, and Karsten Scheibe. 2008. Panoramic Imaging. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Golden, Rachel E. 2013. Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention. Edited by Charles B. Collins, Shayna D. Cunningham, Emily N. Newman, and Josefina J. Card. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson, Rick, and Dan Cervo. 2013. XBees. In Pro Arduino, ed. Dan Cervo, 91–109. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Critique.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Cave-Climbing Catfish Discovered In Ecuador. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Information Technology: Immigration and Customs Enforcement Is Beginning to Address Infrastructure Modernization Program Weaknesses but Key Improvements Still Needed. GAO-06-823. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, Tiffany Lorraine. 2010. Quantitative approach to technical performance measurement and technical risk analysis utilizing Bayesian methods and Monte Carlo simulation. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. As to the Direction of the Roberts Court: The Jury Is Still Out. New York Times, March 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Rahilly 2009).
This sentence cites two references (O’Rahilly 2009; Woyke and Rubin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woyke and Rubin 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Koussevitzky et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Critique
AbbreviationLaw Crit.
ISSN (print)0957-8536
ISSN (online)1572-8617

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