How to format your references using the Law and Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Law and Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wales, D. J. 2001. A microscopic basis for the global appearance of energy landscapes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 2067–2070.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Lan, and Jennifer A. Doudna. 2002. Structural insights into group II intron catalysis and branch-site selection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 2084–2088.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo, Jorden A. van Dam, and Leo P. Kouwenhoven. 2006. Quantum supercurrent transistors in carbon nanotubes. Nature 439: 953–956.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tom, Sabrina M., Craig R. Fox, Christopher Trepel, and Russell A. Poldrack. 2007. The neural basis of loss aversion in decision-making under risk. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 515–518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burghardt, Galen, and Brian Walls. 2011. Managed Futures for Institutional Investors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
S. Choras, Ryszard, ed. 2014. Image Processing and Communications Challenges 5. Vol. 233. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Xiaofan, and Shouting Gao. 2012. Effects of Vertical Wind Shear. In Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis, ed. Shouting Gao, 125–136. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Law and Critique.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Scientists Have Figured Out Why Your Eyes Move When You Sleep. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs a Departmentwide Strategy for Pursuing Low-Cost, Responsive Tactical Space Capabilities. GAO-06-449. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, Nancy A. 2010. Mothers’ description of raising two children with an autism spectrum disorder: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyerowitz, Rick, and Sean Kelly. 2007. Box Seats; THE BIRDS OF SUMMER. New York Times, May 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wales 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wales 2001; Zhang and Doudna 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Doudna 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tom et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleLaw and Critique
AbbreviationLaw Crit.
ISSN (print)0957-8536
ISSN (online)1572-8617

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