How to format your references using the Bacteriophage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bacteriophage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jayaraman KS. Break with tradition. Nature 2006; 442:342–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bird JP, Ochiai Y. Physics. Electron spin polarization in nanoscale constrictions. Science 2004; 303:1621–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Locher KP, Lee AT, Rees DC. The E. coli BtuCD structure: a framework for ABC transporter architecture and mechanism. Science 2002; 296:1091–8.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Walker DW, McColl G, Jenkins NL, Harris J, Lithgow GJ. Evolution of lifespan in C. elegans. Nature 2000; 405:296–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Leung M-Y, Chan IYS, Cooper CL. Stress Management in the Construction Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Homedes N, Ugalde A, editors. Clinical Trials in Latin America: Where Ethics and Business Clash. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Attarian HP, Undevia NS. Epileptiform Abnormalities. In: Undevia NS, editor. Atlas of Electroencephalography in Sleep Medicine. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. page 47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bacteriophage.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Plankton Help Control Clouds Over The World’s Most Remote Oceans [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-plankton-help-control-clouds-over-world-s-most-remote-oceans/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Safety: Medical Certification and Background Check Requirements for Pilots, Vessel Masters, and Commercial Drivers Vary. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fleming TC. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E. The Magical Mystery Block. New York Times1998; :147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBacteriophage
AbbreviationBacteriophage
ISSN (print)2159-7073
ISSN (online)2159-7081
Scope

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