How to format your references using the Bacteriophage citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bacteriophage. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hell SW. Far-field optical nanoscopy. Science 2007; 316:1153–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Murphy KG, Bloom SR. Gut hormones and the regulation of energy homeostasis. Nature 2006; 444:854–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fitch JP, Raber E, Imbro DR. Technology challenges in responding to biological or chemical attacks in the civilian sector. Science 2003; 302:1350–4.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Zhang H, Gilbert B, Huang F, Banfield JF. Water-driven structure transformation in nanoparticles at room temperature. Nature 2003; 424:1025–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wexler S, Shaffer J, Cotgreave A. The Big Book of Dashboards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Chiarella C, Novikov A, editors. Contemporary Quantitative Finance: Essays in Honour of Eckhard Platen. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Miller KB, Bergsten J. Predaceous Diving Beetle Sexual Systems. In: Yee DA, editor. Ecology, Systematics, and the Natural History of Predaceous Diving Beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. page 199–233.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bacteriophage.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Penn & Teller Call Bullshit on Anti-Vaccination [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/penn-teller-call-bullshit-anti-vaccination/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fetterolf-Klein S. Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. Le Train Bleu Is Departing Bloomingdale’s. A Rail Buff Sees It Off. New York Times2016; :A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBacteriophage
AbbreviationBacteriophage
ISSN (print)2159-7073
ISSN (online)2159-7081
Scope

Other styles