How to format your references using the Latin American Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Latin American Perspectives (LAP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taubes, Gary
2012 “Treat obesity as physiology, not physics.” Nature 492 (7428): 155
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson, Roger J. P. and Kaspar P. Locher
2006 “Structure of a bacterial multidrug ABC transporter.” Nature 443 (7108): 180–185
A journal article with 3 authors
McCord, T. B., G. B. Hansen, and C. A. Hibbitts
2001 “Hydrated salt minerals on Ganymede’s surface: evidence of an ocean below.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5521): 1523–1525
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Faustman, Denise L., Simon D. Tran, Shohta Kodama, Beatrijs M. Lodde, Ildiko Szalayova, Sharon Key, Zsuzsanna E. Toth, et al.
2006 “Comment on papers by Chong et al., Nishio et al., and Suri et al. on diabetes reversal in NOD mice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5803): 1243; author reply 1243

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov, Michael
2015 Reliability and Risk Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Gornitz, Vivien (Ed.)
2009 Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhuri, Subhasis and Ketan Kotwal
2013 “Bayesian Estimation.” pp. 73–90 in Ketan Kotwal (ed.), Hyperspectral Image Fusion. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Latin American Perspectives.

Blog post
Hale, Tom
2015, November 4 “Check Out This Incredible Visualization Of Over 500 Exoplanets.” IFLScience. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
1969 Use Of Missile Procurement Funds To Finance Research And Development Efforts ( No. B-146876). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rooks, Deborah L.
2009 Science for all: Experiences and outcomes of students with visual impairment in a guided inquiry-based classroom (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben
2017, June 1 “Band Aid.” New York Times p. C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taubes, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dawson & Locher, 2006, Taubes, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawson & Locher, 2006)
  • Three authors: (McCord, Hansen, & Hibbitts, 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Faustman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleLatin American Perspectives
AbbreviationLat. Am. Perspect.
ISSN (print)0094-582X
ISSN (online)1552-678X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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