How to format your references using the The Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deech, R. (2008) 30 years: from IVF to stem cells. Nature, 454, 280–281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hollowed, A.B. and Sundby, S. (2014) Ecology. Change is coming to the northern oceans. Science, 344, 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas, J., Creamer, W. and Ruiz, A. (2004) Dating the Late Archaic occupation of the Norte Chico region in Peru. Nature, 432, 1020–1023.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Zhao, Y., Hu, L., Liu, H., Liao, M., Fang, X. and Wu, L. (2014) Band gap tunable Zn2SnO4 nanocubes through thermal effect and their outstanding ultraviolet light photoresponse. Sci. Rep., 4, 6847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andersson, C., Freeman, D., James, I., Johnston, A. and Ljung, S. (2006) Mobile Media and Applications - From Concept to Cash, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Volkmann, C.K., Tokarski, K.O. and Ernst, K. eds. (2012) Social Entrepreneurship and Social Business: An Introduction and Discussion with Case Studies, Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt, J.-M., Plos, T., Kirschbaum, M., Hutter, M., Medwed, M. and Herbst, C. (2010) Side-Channel Leakage across Borders. In D. Gollmann, J.-L. Lanet, and J. Iguchi-Cartigny, eds. Smart Card Research and Advanced Application: 9th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2010, Passau, Germany, April 14-16, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Plant Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) Underwater DNA Reveals that Wheat Arrived 2,000 Years Before Agriculture in Britain. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) FAA Budget: Issues Related to the Fiscal Year 1996 Request, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, C.A. (2014) A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process. Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G. and Kepler, A.W. (2011) Not All Superheroes Are Equal (At Least the Second Time Around). New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deech, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Deech, 2008; Hollowed and Sundby, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hollowed and Sundby, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Plant Journal
AbbreviationPlant J.
ISSN (print)0960-7412
ISSN (online)1365-313X
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology

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