How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J. NSF IN FLUX: NSF Searches for Right Way to Help Women. Science. 2000 Jul 21;289(5478):379–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dove CJ, Straker LC. Comment on “A diverse assemblage of Late Cretaceous dinosaur and bird feathers from Canadian amber.” Science. 2012 Feb 17;335(6070):796; author reply 796.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jakosky BM, Haberle RM, Arvidson RE. Planetary science. The changing picture of volatiles and climate on Mars. Science. 2005 Dec 2;310(5753):1439–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schwechheimer C, Serino G, Callis J, Crosby WL, Lyapina S, Deshaies RJ, et al. Interactions of the COP9 signalosome with the E3 ubiquitin ligase SCFTIRI in mediating auxin response. Science. 2001 May 18;292(5520):1379–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes BK. Exercising Influence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Rani V, Yadav UCS, editors. Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. XVI, 430 p. 84 illus., 60 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Bautista–González MA. The Many Monies of King Cotton: Domestic and Foreign Currencies in New Orleans, 1856–1860. In: Batiz-Lazo B, Efthymiou L, editors. The Book of Payments: Historical and Contemporary Views on the Cashless Society. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Fang J. Tiny Vibrating Hairs Help Bees Sense Electrical Signals Sent From Flowers. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Development and Award of the SSA Systems Engineering and Integration Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Nov. Report No.: 128425.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan J. Two Essays on Asset Pricing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J. Trump’s ‘Carnage’ Label Misses Complex Reality of Many Urban Areas. New York Times. 2017 Jan 28;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
ISSN (online)0830-9000

Other styles