How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tal A (2006) Seeking sustainability: Israel’s evolving water management strategy. Science 313:1081–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nahrendorf M, and Swirski FK (2015) Immunology. Neutrophil-macrophage communication in inflammation and atherosclerosis. Science 349:237–238.
A journal article with 3 authors
Evaristo J, Jasechko S, and McDonnell JJ (2015) Global separation of plant transpiration from groundwater and streamflow. Nature 525:91–94.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
McElroy K, Lee J, Slezak JA, Lee D-H, Eisaki H, Uchida S, and Davis JC (2005) Atomic-Scale Sources and Mechanism of Nanoscale Electronic Disorder in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Science 309:1048–1052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stegmann JP (2009) Strategic Value Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wallace M, Angelides MC, and Mylonas P (eds) (2008) Advances in Semantic Media Adaptation and Personalization, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldenberg E, and Gilbert BR (2015) Scrotal Ultrasound, in Ultrasound of the Male Genitalia (Gilbert BR ed) pp 75–124, Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reviews.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) New Theory Could Explain Why Hot Water Freezes Faster Than Cold Water, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Telecommunications: Projects and Policies Related to Deploying Broadband in Unserved and Underserved Areas, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liyakath RA (2012) Reconfigurable Antenna and RF Circuits Using Multi-Layer Stretchable Conductors, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Scare Easily? You’re in the Wrong Place.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tal, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tal, 2006; Nahrendorf and Swirski, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nahrendorf and Swirski, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (McElroy et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reviews
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0031-6997
ISSN (online)1521-0081
ScopeMolecular Medicine

Other styles