How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quackenbush J (2014) Perspective: Learning to share. Nature 509:S68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Griffin AS, and West SA (2003) Kin discrimination and the benefit of helping in cooperatively breeding vertebrates. Science 302:634–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maier T, Jenni S, and Ban N (2006) Architecture of mammalian fatty acid synthase at 4.5 A resolution. Science 311:1258–1262.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Reguera G, McCarthy KD, Mehta T, Nicoll JS, Tuominen MT, and Lovley DR (2005) Extracellular electron transfer via microbial nanowires. Nature 435:1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McSween TE (2005) Values-Based Safety Process, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li A, Zhu Y, and Li Y (eds) (2014) Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: Volume 1: Indoor and Outdoor Environment, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Khalaf K, Vidojkovic V, Wambacq P, and Long JR (2015) Top-Level Design, in Data Transmission at Millimeter Waves: Exploiting the 60 GHz Band on Silicon (Vidojkovic V, Wambacq P, and Long JR eds) pp 83–93, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) John Oliver Hilariously Interviews Stephen Hawking, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Federal Transit Administration: Bus Rapid Transit Offers Communities a Flexible Mass Transit Option, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee SB (2009) Localizing the effects of link flooding attacks in the Internet, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) ... and Making a Precinct True Blue for the Viewers.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quackenbush, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Griffin and West, 2003; Quackenbush, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Griffin and West, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Reguera et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reviews
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0031-6997
ISSN (online)1521-0081
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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