How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramesar R (2015) Genomics: African dawn. Nature 517:276–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen K, and Murray F (2005) Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science 310:239–240.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maret S, Bergin EA, and Lada CJ (2006) A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature 442:425–427.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Roy K, Hilliard GM, Hamilton DJ, Luo J, Ostmann MM, and Fleckenstein JM (2009) Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli EtpA mediates adhesion between flagella and host cells. Nature 457:594–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drake PP, and Fabozzi FJ (2010) The Basics of Finance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Snarskii AA (2016) Transport Processes in Macroscopically Disordered Media: From Mean Field Theory to Percolation (Bezsudnov IV, Sevryukov VA, Morozovskiy A, and Malinsky J eds), Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Rourke MF (2015) Arteriosclerosis/Large Artery Disease, in Arterial Disorders: Definition, Clinical Manifestations, Mechanisms and Therapeutic Approaches (Berbari A, and Mancia G eds) pp 57–68, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) California Moves to Ban Religious and Personal Vaccine Exemptions, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garyan D (2017) Converging origins: Never forget what happened in the future, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2016) Trump-Size Idea for a New President: Build Stuff.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramesar, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jensen and Murray, 2005; Ramesar, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jensen and Murray, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Roy et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reviews
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0031-6997
ISSN (online)1521-0081
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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