How to format your references using the Pharmacological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Speakman JR (2010) FTO effect on energy demand versus food intake. Nature 464:E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karimi E, and Boyd RW (2015) PHYSICS. Classical entanglement? Science 350:1172–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levis RJ, Menkir GM, and Rabitz H (2001) Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses. Science 292:709–713.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Jain R, Kabir K, Gilroy JB, Mitchell KAR, Wong K-C, and Hicks RG (2007) High-temperature metal-organic magnets. Nature 445:291–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph C (2013) Advanced Credit Risk Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Munoz R, Morell V, Cruz E, and Vetterly C (eds) (2010) Critical Care of Children with Heart Disease: Basic Medical and Surgical Concepts, Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Whaanga H, and Matamua R (2016) Matariki Tāpuapua: Pools of Traditional Knowledge and Currents of Change, in Everyday Knowledge, Education and Sustainable Futures: Transdisciplinary Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region (Robertson M, and Tsang PKE eds) pp 59–70, Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacological Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Mission to Mars: MAVEN to Explore the Red Planet’s Atmosphere, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee E (2017) Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Rangers Unearth Vigor in a Clinching Win.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Speakman, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Speakman, 2010; Karimi and Boyd, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karimi and Boyd, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jain et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacological Reviews
AbbreviationPharmacol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0031-6997
ISSN (online)1521-0081
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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