How to format your references using the Journal of Geodesy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodesy (J Geod). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quéré Y (2010) Academies must engage with society. Nature 465:1009
A journal article with 2 authors
Lindenbach BD, Rice CM (2005) Unravelling hepatitis C virus replication from genome to function. Nature 436:933–938
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt N, McGrath D, Stergiou N (2014) The influence of auditory-motor coupling on fractal dynamics in human gait. Sci Rep 4:5879
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pimenta BVS, Haddad CFB, Nascimento LB, et al (2005) Comment on “Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide.” Science 309:1999; author reply 1999

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang B, Wang X (2014) Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Souza M de, Francis LJ, O’Higgins-Norman J, Scott D (eds) (2009) International Handbook of Education for Spirituality, Care and Wellbeing, 1st edn. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Wieloch K, Filipowska A, Kaczmarek M (2011) Autocompletion for Business Process Modelling. In: Abramowicz W, Maciaszek L, Węcel K (eds) Business Information Systems Workshops: BIS 2011 International Workshops and BPSC International Conference, Poznań, Poland, June 15-17, 2011. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodesy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Virgin Galactic Flies Its New Space Plane Freely For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Screening Partnership Program: TSA Should Issue More Guidance to Airports and Monitor Private versus Federal Screener Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley LA (2012) A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Zezima K (2011) Small City, Big Debt Problems. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pinter 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Padma 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lindenbach and Rice 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sullivan et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodesy
AbbreviationJ. Geod.
ISSN (print)0949-7714
ISSN (online)1432-1394
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology

Other styles