How to format your references using the Journal of Geodesy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodesy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frimmel HE (2002) Geology. Genesis of the world’s largest gold deposits. Science 297:1815–1817
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawakatsu H, Watada S (2007) Seismic evidence for deep-water transportation in the mantle. Science 316:1468–1471
A journal article with 3 authors
Rodell M, Velicogna I, Famiglietti JS (2009) Satellite-based estimates of groundwater depletion in India. Nature 460:999–1002
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kalantry S, Purushothaman S, Bowen RB, et al (2009) Evidence of Xist RNA-independent initiation of mouse imprinted X-chromosome inactivation. Nature 460:647–651

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel M, Kroeselberg D, Chindapol A, Premec D (2009) Deploying Mobile WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Eigenmann R, Li Z, Midkiff SP (eds) (2005) Languages and Compilers for High Performance Computing: 17th International Workshop, LCPC 2004, West Lafayette, IN, USA, September 22-24, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Brasington DM (2014) Housing Choice, Residential Mobility, and Hedonic Approaches. In: Fischer MM, Nijkamp P (eds) Handbook of Regional Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 147–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodesy.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Huge Squid Caught Attacking Submarine On Video. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/squid-attack-submersible-vehicle/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) NASA Budget: Carryover Balances in Selected Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber ME (2013) Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2009) Vasily Aksyonov, 76, Exiled Soviet Writer. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frimmel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Frimmel 2002; Kawakatsu and Watada 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawakatsu and Watada 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kalantry et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodesy
AbbreviationJ. Geod.
ISSN (print)0949-7714
ISSN (online)1432-1394
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
Geophysics

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