How to format your references using the Journal of Geodesy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodesy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karin M (2006) Nuclear factor-kappaB in cancer development and progression. Nature 441:431–436
A journal article with 2 authors
Parsons J, Wand Y (2008) A question of class. Nature 455:1040–1041
A journal article with 3 authors
Pulendran B, Palucka K, Banchereau J (2001) Sensing pathogens and tuning immune responses. Science 293:253–256
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Luo Y, Frey EA, Pfuetzner RA, et al (2000) Crystal structure of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli intimin-receptor complex. Nature 405:1073–1077

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert EJ (2009) The Annual Campaign. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pokorski M (ed) (2015) Respiratory Infections. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Payne-James JJ, Payne-James JJ, Hinchliffe J (2011) Injury Assessment, Documentation, and Interpretation. In: Stark MM (ed) Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician’s Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 133–167

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodesy.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Greenland Largely Melted 400,000 Years Ago. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/greenland-largely-melted-400000-years-ago/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Intellectual Property: State Immunity in Infringement Actions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Raynor SL (2017) A Critical Quantitative Examination of the Relationship between Constructs of Engagement and Latino College Completion. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler M, Schmitt E, Gordon MR (2017) Businessmen Get a Say on Afghan War Strategy. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Karin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Karin 2006; Parsons and Wand 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parsons and Wand 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodesy
AbbreviationJ. Geod.
ISSN (print)0949-7714
ISSN (online)1432-1394
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
Geophysics

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