How to format your references using the Journal of Geodesy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodesy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shields A (2002) Quantum optics. Quantum logic with light, glass, and mirrors. Science 297:1821–1822
A journal article with 2 authors
Catlos EJ, Sorensen SS (2003) Phengite-based chronology of K- and Ba-rich fluid flow in two paleosubduction zones. Science 299:92–95
A journal article with 3 authors
Waghmare PR, Das S, Mitra SK (2013) Under-water superoleophobic glass: unexplored role of the surfactant-rich solvent. Sci Rep 3:1862
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Roy Chowdhury R, Vallania F, Yang Q, et al (2018) Author Correction: A multi-cohort study of the immune factors associated with M. tuberculosis infection outcomes. Nature

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen K-H (2016) Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Stahl G (ed) (2009) Studying Virtual Math Teams. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov AF, Solodov MV (2014) Variational Problems: Globalization of Convergence. In: Solodov MV (ed) Newton-Type Methods for Optimization and Variational Problems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 305–366

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodesy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) The Science Of Why Are Some People Attracted To Children. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Department of Commerce Could Save $24.6 Million by Modifying Computer Procurement Actions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada T (2012) Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) HBO’s ‘Veep’ to End In 2018 After 7 Seasons. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shields 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Shields 2002; Catlos and Sorensen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catlos and Sorensen 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Roy Chowdhury et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodesy
AbbreviationJ. Geod.
ISSN (print)0949-7714
ISSN (online)1432-1394
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology

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