How to format your references using the Journal of Geodesy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodesy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciais P (2009) Journal club. A geoscientist is astounded by Earth’s huge frozen carbon deposits. Nature 462:393
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun Z-W, Allis CD (2002) Ubiquitination of histone H2B regulates H3 methylation and gene silencing in yeast. Nature 418:104–108
A journal article with 3 authors
Ho Choi S, Kim B, Frisbie CD (2008) Electrical resistance of long conjugated molecular wires. Science 320:1482–1486
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pascual JI, Lorente N, Song Z, et al (2003) Selectivity in vibrationally mediated single-molecule chemistry. Nature 423:525–528

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halbich IW (1993) Cape Fold Belt‐Agulhas Bank Transect Across Gondwana Suture, Southern Africa. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.
An edited book
Hava D (2012) Charismatic Leadership in Singapore: Three Extraordinary People. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Painter RM (2005) Sympathy for the Devil? A Historical Tour of Literature and Cultural Representation. In: Tymieniecka A-T (ed) The Enigma of Good and Evil; The Moral Sentiment in Literature. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodesy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) NASA’s Upcoming Mars Rocket Completes Critical Design Review. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Increased Use Of Computer-Output-Microfilm By Federal Agencies Could Result In Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papp TM (2017) CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Familia’s Surgery Has Mets Scrambling in the Bullpen. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciais 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sun and Allis 2002; Ciais 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Allis 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pascual et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodesy
AbbreviationJ. Geod.
ISSN (print)0949-7714
ISSN (online)1432-1394
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology

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