How to format your references using the Journal of Geodesy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodesy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hooper LV (2014) Immunology. Innate lymphoid cells sweeten the pot. Science 345:1248–1249
A journal article with 2 authors
Codelli JA, Reisman SE (2013) Chemistry. Pactamycin made easy. Science 340:152–153
A journal article with 3 authors
Dotera T, Oshiro T, Ziherl P (2014) Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals. Nature 506:208–211
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dubrovinsky L, Annersten H, Dubrovinskaia N, et al (2001) Chemical interaction of Fe and Al(2)O3 as a source of heterogeneity at the Earth’s core-mantle boundary. Nature 412:527–529

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoop I, Billiet J, Koch A, Fitzgerald R (2010) Improving Survey Response. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kuhn M (2013) Applied Predictive Modeling. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Hörmann G, Herbst M, Eschenbach C (2008) Water Relations at Different Scales. In: Fränzle O, Kappen L, Blume H-P, Dierssen K (eds) Ecosystem Organization of a Complex Landscape: Long-Term Research in the Bornhöved Lake District, Germany. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 101–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodesy.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Huge Gas Stream 2.6 Million Light-Years Across Spotted. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Survey of Supervisors at U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, an E-supplement to GAO-04-422. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho L (2012) Determination of Ibuprofen Isotherm Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2011) A Focus on Cheese. New York Times NJ10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hooper 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Codelli and Reisman 2013; Hooper 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Codelli and Reisman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dubrovinsky et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodesy
AbbreviationJ. Geod.
ISSN (print)0949-7714
ISSN (online)1432-1394
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology

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