How to format your references using the International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lüthi M. Geophysics. Gauging Greenland’s subglacial water. Science. 2013;341:721–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Park H, Crozier KB. Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2460.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grosman C, Zhou M, Auerbach A. Mapping the conformational wave of acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature. 2000;403:773–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Khimich D, Nouvian R, Pujol R, Tom Dieck S, Egner A, Gundelfinger ED, et al. Hair cell synaptic ribbons are essential for synchronous auditory signalling. Nature. 2005;434:889–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ruppel W. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Shehory O, Sturm A, editors. Agent-Oriented Software Engineering: Reflections on Architectures, Methodologies, Languages, and Frameworks. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Henkel M, Pleimling M. Local Scale-invariance I: z = 2. In: Pleimling M, editor. Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions: Volume 2: Ageing and Dynamical Scaling Far from Equilibrium. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 221–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Starving Microscopic Algae Will Digest Themselves [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Issues Raised concerning the Report, “The National School Lunch Program: Is It Working?” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Nov. Report No.: PAD-78-43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Amodeo GA. Structural and biochemical characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homolog SNF1 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dunlap DW, Beachy SC. Seeking the Final Faces to Fill a Sept. 11 Tapestry. New York Times. 2016 Sep 11;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
AbbreviationInt. J. Pediatr. Endocrinol.
ISSN (online)1687-9856

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